Ipsilon - Identity Provider
The Ipsilon project implements an Identity Provider that is easy to use and
configure. And it aims at providing installation scripts for applications
that can use an Apache fronted to perform user authentication.
An IdP server allows users to authenticate against any identity provider
whether that is a corporate LDAP server or even just local files or custom
pluggable modules and allows applications to authenticate users while being
completely agnostic of what authentication infrastructure is being used.
Applications can currently use the SAML2 protocol to talk to the Ipsilon
identity provider, an application that uses SAML is called a Service Provider.
Ipsilon uses the LASSO libraries and Python bindings to implement SAML
Ipsilon Server Installation
The Ipsilon server can be easily installed by simply running the
- An Apache server with SSL configured
- A keytab if Kerberos authentication is desired
- An unprivileged user to run the Ipsilon code (defaults to 'ipsilon')
Currently there are only two available authentication modules, Kerberos and
PAM. The Kerberos module uses mod_auth_kerb (which it will configure for you at
install time), the Pam module simply uses the PAM stack with a default service
name set to 'remote'.
NOTE: The PAM module is invoked as an unprivileged user so if you are using the
pam_unix plugin to authenticate users you'll find out that authentication does
not work properly. Please use a different PAM module, like pam_sss, pam_ldap,
Before you run the install script make sure to create an administrative user
that can be authenticated either via PAM or Kerberos. The default name the
installation script expects is 'admin' but that can be changed with the command
line option named --admin-user
The hostname used is the system host name, if you can't set the system hostname
to a fully qualified name, used the --hostname option to pass the desired fully
qualified name for the IdP. It is important to use the correct name as this
name is referenced and resolved by remote clients.
Other options are available by running ipsilon-server-install --help
To install a server that allow both Kerberos and PAM authentication use:
$ ipsilon-server-install --krb=yes --pam=yes
This command will generate a default instance called 'idp' (you can change the
default name using the --instance switch). Multiple instance can be installed
in parallel, each wit a different name.
Instances are configured to be available at https://hostname/instance
So for a server called ipsilon.example.com, using the default installation
options the IdP will be available at https://ipsilon.example.com/idp/
The install script expects to find the keytab in /etc/httpd/conf/http.keytab
NOTE: If you are installing Ipsilon in a FreeIPA environment you can use the
--ipa switch to simplify the deployment. Using the --ipa switch will allow the
use of your IPA Kerberos administrative credentials to automatically provision
a keytab for the HTTP service if one is not available yet. You will likely
want to use the --admin-user option to specify the full principal of the user
who will administer Ipsilon. For example to use the FreeIPA admin user for
the EXAMPLE.COM realm, you would use:
$ ipsilon-server-install --ipa --admin-user admin@EXAMPLE.COM
Once the script has successfully completed the installation, restart the Apache
HTTPD server to activate it.
Use your 'admin' user to connect to the Web UI and perform additional
Ipsilon Clients configuration
Ipsilon clients can be quickly configured running the provided
- An Apache server with SSL configured
- The mod_mellon authentication module for Apache
- A previously installed SAML IdP server (like Ipsilon itself)
The default configuration for the client will install a configuration in Apache
that will authenticate via the IdP any attempt to connect to the location named
'/saml2protected', a test file is returned at that location.
In order to successfully install a client 2 steps are necessary:
1. Prepare the client configuration and SAML metadata file.
To generate a valid metadata file and configuration it is necessary to provide
the IdP metadata file to the installer, it is also useful to decide upfront
where the application to be protected is located.
Let's assume the IdP is a standard install of the Ipsilon server on the server
name ipsilon.example.com, and the client to be installed is called
media.exmple.com with a wiki application located under /wiki
The following command will configure the server and generate the metadata file:
$ ipsilon-client-install \
--saml-idp-metadata http://ipsilon.example.com/idp/saml2/metadata \
Use --help to explore all the possible options.
2. Upload the generated metadata file to the IdP.
Once the script has successfully completed installation it will create a
few files in /etc/httpd/saml2/`hostname`. There you will find a (self-signed)
certificate and a private key used to authenticate with the IdP and 2 metadata
files, one of which is called 'metadata.xml'
Log in with the 'admin' account to the Ipsilon server and go to:
Administration -> Identity Providers -> saml2 -> Administer
Click the 'Add New' button and add a new entry uploading the metadata.xml file
Once this is done, test that the authentication is working by going to the
application server url: https://media.example.com/wiki
The SP should redirect you to the IdP server, perform authentication, and then
redirect you automatically back to the application server where you should find
NOTE: read modmellon's documentation to find out how to pass additional
authorization data to the application. For simple authentication the application
should expect a user have been authenticate if it finds a non empty 'REMOTE_USER'
environment variable in the incoming requests.
ALSO NOTE: If your application is already SAML aware you can simply run the
install script with the --saml-no-httpd option. This will generate the
certificates and the metadata.xml file you need to provide to the application
and the IdP in the current directory.