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-rw-r--r--kernel/events/uprobes.c1665
1 files changed, 1665 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/events/uprobes.c b/kernel/events/uprobes.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d9e5ba5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/events/uprobes.c
@@ -0,0 +1,1665 @@
+/*
+ * User-space Probes (UProbes)
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2008-2012
+ * Authors:
+ * Srikar Dronamraju
+ * Jim Keniston
+ * Copyright (C) 2011-2012 Red Hat, Inc., Peter Zijlstra <pzijlstr@redhat.com>
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/highmem.h>
+#include <linux/pagemap.h> /* read_mapping_page */
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/rmap.h> /* anon_vma_prepare */
+#include <linux/mmu_notifier.h> /* set_pte_at_notify */
+#include <linux/swap.h> /* try_to_free_swap */
+#include <linux/ptrace.h> /* user_enable_single_step */
+#include <linux/kdebug.h> /* notifier mechanism */
+
+#include <linux/uprobes.h>
+#include <linux/export.h>
+
+#define UINSNS_PER_PAGE (PAGE_SIZE/UPROBE_XOL_SLOT_BYTES)
+#define MAX_UPROBE_XOL_SLOTS UINSNS_PER_PAGE
+
+static struct rb_root uprobes_tree = RB_ROOT;
+
+static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(uprobes_treelock); /* serialize rbtree access */
+
+#define UPROBES_HASH_SZ 13
+
+/*
+ * We need separate register/unregister and mmap/munmap lock hashes because
+ * of mmap_sem nesting.
+ *
+ * uprobe_register() needs to install probes on (potentially) all processes
+ * and thus needs to acquire multiple mmap_sems (consequtively, not
+ * concurrently), whereas uprobe_mmap() is called while holding mmap_sem
+ * for the particular process doing the mmap.
+ *
+ * uprobe_register()->register_for_each_vma() needs to drop/acquire mmap_sem
+ * because of lock order against i_mmap_mutex. This means there's a hole in
+ * the register vma iteration where a mmap() can happen.
+ *
+ * Thus uprobe_register() can race with uprobe_mmap() and we can try and
+ * install a probe where one is already installed.
+ */
+
+/* serialize (un)register */
+static struct mutex uprobes_mutex[UPROBES_HASH_SZ];
+
+#define uprobes_hash(v) (&uprobes_mutex[((unsigned long)(v)) % UPROBES_HASH_SZ])
+
+/* serialize uprobe->pending_list */
+static struct mutex uprobes_mmap_mutex[UPROBES_HASH_SZ];
+#define uprobes_mmap_hash(v) (&uprobes_mmap_mutex[((unsigned long)(v)) % UPROBES_HASH_SZ])
+
+/*
+ * uprobe_events allows us to skip the uprobe_mmap if there are no uprobe
+ * events active at this time. Probably a fine grained per inode count is
+ * better?
+ */
+static atomic_t uprobe_events = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
+
+struct uprobe {
+ struct rb_node rb_node; /* node in the rb tree */
+ atomic_t ref;
+ struct rw_semaphore consumer_rwsem;
+ struct list_head pending_list;
+ struct uprobe_consumer *consumers;
+ struct inode *inode; /* Also hold a ref to inode */
+ loff_t offset;
+ int flags;
+ struct arch_uprobe arch;
+};
+
+/*
+ * valid_vma: Verify if the specified vma is an executable vma
+ * Relax restrictions while unregistering: vm_flags might have
+ * changed after breakpoint was inserted.
+ * - is_register: indicates if we are in register context.
+ * - Return 1 if the specified virtual address is in an
+ * executable vma.
+ */
+static bool valid_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, bool is_register)
+{
+ if (!vma->vm_file)
+ return false;
+
+ if (!is_register)
+ return true;
+
+ if ((vma->vm_flags & (VM_HUGETLB|VM_READ|VM_WRITE|VM_EXEC|VM_SHARED))
+ == (VM_READ|VM_EXEC))
+ return true;
+
+ return false;
+}
+
+static loff_t vma_address(struct vm_area_struct *vma, loff_t offset)
+{
+ loff_t vaddr;
+
+ vaddr = vma->vm_start + offset;
+ vaddr -= vma->vm_pgoff << PAGE_SHIFT;
+
+ return vaddr;
+}
+
+/**
+ * __replace_page - replace page in vma by new page.
+ * based on replace_page in mm/ksm.c
+ *
+ * @vma: vma that holds the pte pointing to page
+ * @page: the cowed page we are replacing by kpage
+ * @kpage: the modified page we replace page by
+ *
+ * Returns 0 on success, -EFAULT on failure.
+ */
+static int __replace_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page *page, struct page *kpage)
+{
+ struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
+ unsigned long addr;
+ spinlock_t *ptl;
+ pte_t *ptep;
+
+ addr = page_address_in_vma(page, vma);
+ if (addr == -EFAULT)
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ ptep = page_check_address(page, mm, addr, &ptl, 0);
+ if (!ptep)
+ return -EAGAIN;
+
+ get_page(kpage);
+ page_add_new_anon_rmap(kpage, vma, addr);
+
+ if (!PageAnon(page)) {
+ dec_mm_counter(mm, MM_FILEPAGES);
+ inc_mm_counter(mm, MM_ANONPAGES);
+ }
+
+ flush_cache_page(vma, addr, pte_pfn(*ptep));
+ ptep_clear_flush(vma, addr, ptep);
+ set_pte_at_notify(mm, addr, ptep, mk_pte(kpage, vma->vm_page_prot));
+
+ page_remove_rmap(page);
+ if (!page_mapped(page))
+ try_to_free_swap(page);
+ put_page(page);
+ pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * is_swbp_insn - check if instruction is breakpoint instruction.
+ * @insn: instruction to be checked.
+ * Default implementation of is_swbp_insn
+ * Returns true if @insn is a breakpoint instruction.
+ */
+bool __weak is_swbp_insn(uprobe_opcode_t *insn)
+{
+ return *insn == UPROBE_SWBP_INSN;
+}
+
+/*
+ * NOTE:
+ * Expect the breakpoint instruction to be the smallest size instruction for
+ * the architecture. If an arch has variable length instruction and the
+ * breakpoint instruction is not of the smallest length instruction
+ * supported by that architecture then we need to modify read_opcode /
+ * write_opcode accordingly. This would never be a problem for archs that
+ * have fixed length instructions.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * write_opcode - write the opcode at a given virtual address.
+ * @auprobe: arch breakpointing information.
+ * @mm: the probed process address space.
+ * @vaddr: the virtual address to store the opcode.
+ * @opcode: opcode to be written at @vaddr.
+ *
+ * Called with mm->mmap_sem held (for read and with a reference to
+ * mm).
+ *
+ * For mm @mm, write the opcode at @vaddr.
+ * Return 0 (success) or a negative errno.
+ */
+static int write_opcode(struct arch_uprobe *auprobe, struct mm_struct *mm,
+ unsigned long vaddr, uprobe_opcode_t opcode)
+{
+ struct page *old_page, *new_page;
+ struct address_space *mapping;
+ void *vaddr_old, *vaddr_new;
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+ struct uprobe *uprobe;
+ int ret;
+retry:
+ /* Read the page with vaddr into memory */
+ ret = get_user_pages(NULL, mm, vaddr, 1, 0, 0, &old_page, &vma);
+ if (ret <= 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+
+ /*
+ * We are interested in text pages only. Our pages of interest
+ * should be mapped for read and execute only. We desist from
+ * adding probes in write mapped pages since the breakpoints
+ * might end up in the file copy.
+ */
+ if (!valid_vma(vma, is_swbp_insn(&opcode)))
+ goto put_out;
+
+ uprobe = container_of(auprobe, struct uprobe, arch);
+ mapping = uprobe->inode->i_mapping;
+ if (mapping != vma->vm_file->f_mapping)
+ goto put_out;
+
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ new_page = alloc_page_vma(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, vma, vaddr);
+ if (!new_page)
+ goto put_out;
+
+ __SetPageUptodate(new_page);
+
+ /*
+ * lock page will serialize against do_wp_page()'s
+ * PageAnon() handling
+ */
+ lock_page(old_page);
+ /* copy the page now that we've got it stable */
+ vaddr_old = kmap_atomic(old_page);
+ vaddr_new = kmap_atomic(new_page);
+
+ memcpy(vaddr_new, vaddr_old, PAGE_SIZE);
+ memcpy(vaddr_new + (vaddr & ~PAGE_MASK), &opcode, UPROBE_SWBP_INSN_SIZE);
+
+ kunmap_atomic(vaddr_new);
+ kunmap_atomic(vaddr_old);
+
+ ret = anon_vma_prepare(vma);
+ if (ret)
+ goto unlock_out;
+
+ lock_page(new_page);
+ ret = __replace_page(vma, old_page, new_page);
+ unlock_page(new_page);
+
+unlock_out:
+ unlock_page(old_page);
+ page_cache_release(new_page);
+
+put_out:
+ put_page(old_page);
+
+ if (unlikely(ret == -EAGAIN))
+ goto retry;
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/**
+ * read_opcode - read the opcode at a given virtual address.
+ * @mm: the probed process address space.
+ * @vaddr: the virtual address to read the opcode.
+ * @opcode: location to store the read opcode.
+ *
+ * Called with mm->mmap_sem held (for read and with a reference to
+ * mm.
+ *
+ * For mm @mm, read the opcode at @vaddr and store it in @opcode.
+ * Return 0 (success) or a negative errno.
+ */
+static int read_opcode(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr, uprobe_opcode_t *opcode)
+{
+ struct page *page;
+ void *vaddr_new;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = get_user_pages(NULL, mm, vaddr, 1, 0, 1, &page, NULL);
+ if (ret <= 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ lock_page(page);
+ vaddr_new = kmap_atomic(page);
+ vaddr &= ~PAGE_MASK;
+ memcpy(opcode, vaddr_new + vaddr, UPROBE_SWBP_INSN_SIZE);
+ kunmap_atomic(vaddr_new);
+ unlock_page(page);
+
+ put_page(page);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int is_swbp_at_addr(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr)
+{
+ uprobe_opcode_t opcode;
+ int result;
+
+ if (current->mm == mm) {
+ pagefault_disable();
+ result = __copy_from_user_inatomic(&opcode, (void __user*)vaddr,
+ sizeof(opcode));
+ pagefault_enable();
+
+ if (likely(result == 0))
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ result = read_opcode(mm, vaddr, &opcode);
+ if (result)
+ return result;
+out:
+ if (is_swbp_insn(&opcode))
+ return 1;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * set_swbp - store breakpoint at a given address.
+ * @auprobe: arch specific probepoint information.
+ * @mm: the probed process address space.
+ * @vaddr: the virtual address to insert the opcode.
+ *
+ * For mm @mm, store the breakpoint instruction at @vaddr.
+ * Return 0 (success) or a negative errno.
+ */
+int __weak set_swbp(struct arch_uprobe *auprobe, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr)
+{
+ int result;
+ /*
+ * See the comment near uprobes_hash().
+ */
+ result = is_swbp_at_addr(mm, vaddr);
+ if (result == 1)
+ return -EEXIST;
+
+ if (result)
+ return result;
+
+ return write_opcode(auprobe, mm, vaddr, UPROBE_SWBP_INSN);
+}
+
+/**
+ * set_orig_insn - Restore the original instruction.
+ * @mm: the probed process address space.
+ * @auprobe: arch specific probepoint information.
+ * @vaddr: the virtual address to insert the opcode.
+ * @verify: if true, verify existance of breakpoint instruction.
+ *
+ * For mm @mm, restore the original opcode (opcode) at @vaddr.
+ * Return 0 (success) or a negative errno.
+ */
+int __weak
+set_orig_insn(struct arch_uprobe *auprobe, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr, bool verify)
+{
+ if (verify) {
+ int result;
+
+ result = is_swbp_at_addr(mm, vaddr);
+ if (!result)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (result != 1)
+ return result;
+ }
+ return write_opcode(auprobe, mm, vaddr, *(uprobe_opcode_t *)auprobe->insn);
+}
+
+static int match_uprobe(struct uprobe *l, struct uprobe *r)
+{
+ if (l->inode < r->inode)
+ return -1;
+
+ if (l->inode > r->inode)
+ return 1;
+
+ if (l->offset < r->offset)
+ return -1;
+
+ if (l->offset > r->offset)
+ return 1;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static struct uprobe *__find_uprobe(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset)
+{
+ struct uprobe u = { .inode = inode, .offset = offset };
+ struct rb_node *n = uprobes_tree.rb_node;
+ struct uprobe *uprobe;
+ int match;
+
+ while (n) {
+ uprobe = rb_entry(n, struct uprobe, rb_node);
+ match = match_uprobe(&u, uprobe);
+ if (!match) {
+ atomic_inc(&uprobe->ref);
+ return uprobe;
+ }
+
+ if (match < 0)
+ n = n->rb_left;
+ else
+ n = n->rb_right;
+ }
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Find a uprobe corresponding to a given inode:offset
+ * Acquires uprobes_treelock
+ */
+static struct uprobe *find_uprobe(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset)
+{
+ struct uprobe *uprobe;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&uprobes_treelock, flags);
+ uprobe = __find_uprobe(inode, offset);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uprobes_treelock, flags);
+
+ return uprobe;
+}
+
+static struct uprobe *__insert_uprobe(struct uprobe *uprobe)
+{
+ struct rb_node **p = &uprobes_tree.rb_node;
+ struct rb_node *parent = NULL;
+ struct uprobe *u;
+ int match;
+
+ while (*p) {
+ parent = *p;
+ u = rb_entry(parent, struct uprobe, rb_node);
+ match = match_uprobe(uprobe, u);
+ if (!match) {
+ atomic_inc(&u->ref);
+ return u;
+ }
+
+ if (match < 0)
+ p = &parent->rb_left;
+ else
+ p = &parent->rb_right;
+
+ }
+
+ u = NULL;
+ rb_link_node(&uprobe->rb_node, parent, p);
+ rb_insert_color(&uprobe->rb_node, &uprobes_tree);
+ /* get access + creation ref */
+ atomic_set(&uprobe->ref, 2);
+
+ return u;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Acquire uprobes_treelock.
+ * Matching uprobe already exists in rbtree;
+ * increment (access refcount) and return the matching uprobe.
+ *
+ * No matching uprobe; insert the uprobe in rb_tree;
+ * get a double refcount (access + creation) and return NULL.
+ */
+static struct uprobe *insert_uprobe(struct uprobe *uprobe)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct uprobe *u;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&uprobes_treelock, flags);
+ u = __insert_uprobe(uprobe);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uprobes_treelock, flags);
+
+ /* For now assume that the instruction need not be single-stepped */
+ uprobe->flags |= UPROBE_SKIP_SSTEP;
+
+ return u;
+}
+
+static void put_uprobe(struct uprobe *uprobe)
+{
+ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&uprobe->ref))
+ kfree(uprobe);
+}
+
+static struct uprobe *alloc_uprobe(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset)
+{
+ struct uprobe *uprobe, *cur_uprobe;
+
+ uprobe = kzalloc(sizeof(struct uprobe), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!uprobe)
+ return NULL;
+
+ uprobe->inode = igrab(inode);
+ uprobe->offset = offset;
+ init_rwsem(&uprobe->consumer_rwsem);
+
+ /* add to uprobes_tree, sorted on inode:offset */
+ cur_uprobe = insert_uprobe(uprobe);
+
+ /* a uprobe exists for this inode:offset combination */
+ if (cur_uprobe) {
+ kfree(uprobe);
+ uprobe = cur_uprobe;
+ iput(inode);
+ } else {
+ atomic_inc(&uprobe_events);
+ }
+
+ return uprobe;
+}
+
+static void handler_chain(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct uprobe_consumer *uc;
+
+ if (!(uprobe->flags & UPROBE_RUN_HANDLER))
+ return;
+
+ down_read(&uprobe->consumer_rwsem);
+ for (uc = uprobe->consumers; uc; uc = uc->next) {
+ if (!uc->filter || uc->filter(uc, current))
+ uc->handler(uc, regs);
+ }
+ up_read(&uprobe->consumer_rwsem);
+}
+
+/* Returns the previous consumer */
+static struct uprobe_consumer *
+consumer_add(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct uprobe_consumer *uc)
+{
+ down_write(&uprobe->consumer_rwsem);
+ uc->next = uprobe->consumers;
+ uprobe->consumers = uc;
+ up_write(&uprobe->consumer_rwsem);
+
+ return uc->next;
+}
+
+/*
+ * For uprobe @uprobe, delete the consumer @uc.
+ * Return true if the @uc is deleted successfully
+ * or return false.
+ */
+static bool consumer_del(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct uprobe_consumer *uc)
+{
+ struct uprobe_consumer **con;
+ bool ret = false;
+
+ down_write(&uprobe->consumer_rwsem);
+ for (con = &uprobe->consumers; *con; con = &(*con)->next) {
+ if (*con == uc) {
+ *con = uc->next;
+ ret = true;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ up_write(&uprobe->consumer_rwsem);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int
+__copy_insn(struct address_space *mapping, struct file *filp, char *insn,
+ unsigned long nbytes, loff_t offset)
+{
+ struct page *page;
+ void *vaddr;
+ unsigned long off;
+ pgoff_t idx;
+
+ if (!filp)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (!mapping->a_ops->readpage)
+ return -EIO;
+
+ idx = offset >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
+ off = offset & ~PAGE_MASK;
+
+ /*
+ * Ensure that the page that has the original instruction is
+ * populated and in page-cache.
+ */
+ page = read_mapping_page(mapping, idx, filp);
+ if (IS_ERR(page))
+ return PTR_ERR(page);
+
+ vaddr = kmap_atomic(page);
+ memcpy(insn, vaddr + off, nbytes);
+ kunmap_atomic(vaddr);
+ page_cache_release(page);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int copy_insn(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct file *filp)
+{
+ struct address_space *mapping;
+ unsigned long nbytes;
+ int bytes;
+
+ nbytes = PAGE_SIZE - (uprobe->offset & ~PAGE_MASK);
+ mapping = uprobe->inode->i_mapping;
+
+ /* Instruction at end of binary; copy only available bytes */
+ if (uprobe->offset + MAX_UINSN_BYTES > uprobe->inode->i_size)
+ bytes = uprobe->inode->i_size - uprobe->offset;
+ else
+ bytes = MAX_UINSN_BYTES;
+
+ /* Instruction at the page-boundary; copy bytes in second page */
+ if (nbytes < bytes) {
+ int err = __copy_insn(mapping, filp, uprobe->arch.insn + nbytes,
+ bytes - nbytes, uprobe->offset + nbytes);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+ bytes = nbytes;
+ }
+ return __copy_insn(mapping, filp, uprobe->arch.insn, bytes, uprobe->offset);
+}
+
+/*
+ * How mm->uprobes_state.count gets updated
+ * uprobe_mmap() increments the count if
+ * - it successfully adds a breakpoint.
+ * - it cannot add a breakpoint, but sees that there is a underlying
+ * breakpoint (via a is_swbp_at_addr()).
+ *
+ * uprobe_munmap() decrements the count if
+ * - it sees a underlying breakpoint, (via is_swbp_at_addr)
+ * (Subsequent uprobe_unregister wouldnt find the breakpoint
+ * unless a uprobe_mmap kicks in, since the old vma would be
+ * dropped just after uprobe_munmap.)
+ *
+ * uprobe_register increments the count if:
+ * - it successfully adds a breakpoint.
+ *
+ * uprobe_unregister decrements the count if:
+ * - it sees a underlying breakpoint and removes successfully.
+ * (via is_swbp_at_addr)
+ * (Subsequent uprobe_munmap wouldnt find the breakpoint
+ * since there is no underlying breakpoint after the
+ * breakpoint removal.)
+ */
+static int
+install_breakpoint(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct mm_struct *mm,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long vaddr)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ /*
+ * If probe is being deleted, unregister thread could be done with
+ * the vma-rmap-walk through. Adding a probe now can be fatal since
+ * nobody will be able to cleanup. Also we could be from fork or
+ * mremap path, where the probe might have already been inserted.
+ * Hence behave as if probe already existed.
+ */
+ if (!uprobe->consumers)
+ return -EEXIST;
+
+ if (!(uprobe->flags & UPROBE_COPY_INSN)) {
+ ret = copy_insn(uprobe, vma->vm_file);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ if (is_swbp_insn((uprobe_opcode_t *)uprobe->arch.insn))
+ return -ENOTSUPP;
+
+ ret = arch_uprobe_analyze_insn(&uprobe->arch, mm, vaddr);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ /* write_opcode() assumes we don't cross page boundary */
+ BUG_ON((uprobe->offset & ~PAGE_MASK) +
+ UPROBE_SWBP_INSN_SIZE > PAGE_SIZE);
+
+ uprobe->flags |= UPROBE_COPY_INSN;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Ideally, should be updating the probe count after the breakpoint
+ * has been successfully inserted. However a thread could hit the
+ * breakpoint we just inserted even before the probe count is
+ * incremented. If this is the first breakpoint placed, breakpoint
+ * notifier might ignore uprobes and pass the trap to the thread.
+ * Hence increment before and decrement on failure.
+ */
+ atomic_inc(&mm->uprobes_state.count);
+ ret = set_swbp(&uprobe->arch, mm, vaddr);
+ if (ret)
+ atomic_dec(&mm->uprobes_state.count);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void
+remove_breakpoint(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr)
+{
+ if (!set_orig_insn(&uprobe->arch, mm, vaddr, true))
+ atomic_dec(&mm->uprobes_state.count);
+}
+
+/*
+ * There could be threads that have already hit the breakpoint. They
+ * will recheck the current insn and restart if find_uprobe() fails.
+ * See find_active_uprobe().
+ */
+static void delete_uprobe(struct uprobe *uprobe)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&uprobes_treelock, flags);
+ rb_erase(&uprobe->rb_node, &uprobes_tree);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uprobes_treelock, flags);
+ iput(uprobe->inode);
+ put_uprobe(uprobe);
+ atomic_dec(&uprobe_events);
+}
+
+struct map_info {
+ struct map_info *next;
+ struct mm_struct *mm;
+ unsigned long vaddr;
+};
+
+static inline struct map_info *free_map_info(struct map_info *info)
+{
+ struct map_info *next = info->next;
+ kfree(info);
+ return next;
+}
+
+static struct map_info *
+build_map_info(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t offset, bool is_register)
+{
+ unsigned long pgoff = offset >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ struct prio_tree_iter iter;
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+ struct map_info *curr = NULL;
+ struct map_info *prev = NULL;
+ struct map_info *info;
+ int more = 0;
+
+ again:
+ mutex_lock(&mapping->i_mmap_mutex);
+ vma_prio_tree_foreach(vma, &iter, &mapping->i_mmap, pgoff, pgoff) {
+ if (!valid_vma(vma, is_register))
+ continue;
+
+ if (!prev && !more) {
+ /*
+ * Needs GFP_NOWAIT to avoid i_mmap_mutex recursion through
+ * reclaim. This is optimistic, no harm done if it fails.
+ */
+ prev = kmalloc(sizeof(struct map_info),
+ GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOMEMALLOC | __GFP_NOWARN);
+ if (prev)
+ prev->next = NULL;
+ }
+ if (!prev) {
+ more++;
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ if (!atomic_inc_not_zero(&vma->vm_mm->mm_users))
+ continue;
+
+ info = prev;
+ prev = prev->next;
+ info->next = curr;
+ curr = info;
+
+ info->mm = vma->vm_mm;
+ info->vaddr = vma_address(vma, offset);
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&mapping->i_mmap_mutex);
+
+ if (!more)
+ goto out;
+
+ prev = curr;
+ while (curr) {
+ mmput(curr->mm);
+ curr = curr->next;
+ }
+
+ do {
+ info = kmalloc(sizeof(struct map_info), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!info) {
+ curr = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+ goto out;
+ }
+ info->next = prev;
+ prev = info;
+ } while (--more);
+
+ goto again;
+ out:
+ while (prev)
+ prev = free_map_info(prev);
+ return curr;
+}
+
+static int register_for_each_vma(struct uprobe *uprobe, bool is_register)
+{
+ struct map_info *info;
+ int err = 0;
+
+ info = build_map_info(uprobe->inode->i_mapping,
+ uprobe->offset, is_register);
+ if (IS_ERR(info))
+ return PTR_ERR(info);
+
+ while (info) {
+ struct mm_struct *mm = info->mm;
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+
+ if (err)
+ goto free;
+
+ down_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
+ vma = find_vma(mm, (unsigned long)info->vaddr);
+ if (!vma || !valid_vma(vma, is_register))
+ goto unlock;
+
+ if (vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host != uprobe->inode ||
+ vma_address(vma, uprobe->offset) != info->vaddr)
+ goto unlock;
+
+ if (is_register) {
+ err = install_breakpoint(uprobe, mm, vma, info->vaddr);
+ /*
+ * We can race against uprobe_mmap(), see the
+ * comment near uprobe_hash().
+ */
+ if (err == -EEXIST)
+ err = 0;
+ } else {
+ remove_breakpoint(uprobe, mm, info->vaddr);
+ }
+ unlock:
+ up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
+ free:
+ mmput(mm);
+ info = free_map_info(info);
+ }
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+static int __uprobe_register(struct uprobe *uprobe)
+{
+ return register_for_each_vma(uprobe, true);
+}
+
+static void __uprobe_unregister(struct uprobe *uprobe)
+{
+ if (!register_for_each_vma(uprobe, false))
+ delete_uprobe(uprobe);
+
+ /* TODO : cant unregister? schedule a worker thread */
+}
+
+/*
+ * uprobe_register - register a probe
+ * @inode: the file in which the probe has to be placed.
+ * @offset: offset from the start of the file.
+ * @uc: information on howto handle the probe..
+ *
+ * Apart from the access refcount, uprobe_register() takes a creation
+ * refcount (thro alloc_uprobe) if and only if this @uprobe is getting
+ * inserted into the rbtree (i.e first consumer for a @inode:@offset
+ * tuple). Creation refcount stops uprobe_unregister from freeing the
+ * @uprobe even before the register operation is complete. Creation
+ * refcount is released when the last @uc for the @uprobe
+ * unregisters.
+ *
+ * Return errno if it cannot successully install probes
+ * else return 0 (success)
+ */
+int uprobe_register(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, struct uprobe_consumer *uc)
+{
+ struct uprobe *uprobe;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (!inode || !uc || uc->next)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (offset > i_size_read(inode))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ ret = 0;
+ mutex_lock(uprobes_hash(inode));
+ uprobe = alloc_uprobe(inode, offset);
+
+ if (uprobe && !consumer_add(uprobe, uc)) {
+ ret = __uprobe_register(uprobe);
+ if (ret) {
+ uprobe->consumers = NULL;
+ __uprobe_unregister(uprobe);
+ } else {
+ uprobe->flags |= UPROBE_RUN_HANDLER;
+ }
+ }
+
+ mutex_unlock(uprobes_hash(inode));
+ put_uprobe(uprobe);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(uprobe_register);
+
+/*
+ * uprobe_unregister - unregister a already registered probe.
+ * @inode: the file in which the probe has to be removed.
+ * @offset: offset from the start of the file.
+ * @uc: identify which probe if multiple probes are colocated.
+ */
+void uprobe_unregister(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, struct uprobe_consumer *uc)
+{
+ struct uprobe *uprobe;
+
+ if (!inode || !uc)
+ return;
+
+ uprobe = find_uprobe(inode, offset);
+ if (!uprobe)
+ return;
+
+ mutex_lock(uprobes_hash(inode));
+
+ if (consumer_del(uprobe, uc)) {
+ if (!uprobe->consumers) {
+ __uprobe_unregister(uprobe);
+ uprobe->flags &= ~UPROBE_RUN_HANDLER;
+ }
+ }
+
+ mutex_unlock(uprobes_hash(inode));
+ if (uprobe)
+ put_uprobe(uprobe);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(uprobe_unregister);
+
+/*
+ * Of all the nodes that correspond to the given inode, return the node
+ * with the least offset.
+ */
+static struct rb_node *find_least_offset_node(struct inode *inode)
+{
+ struct uprobe u = { .inode = inode, .offset = 0};
+ struct rb_node *n = uprobes_tree.rb_node;
+ struct rb_node *close_node = NULL;
+ struct uprobe *uprobe;
+ int match;
+
+ while (n) {
+ uprobe = rb_entry(n, struct uprobe, rb_node);
+ match = match_uprobe(&u, uprobe);
+
+ if (uprobe->inode == inode)
+ close_node = n;
+
+ if (!match)
+ return close_node;
+
+ if (match < 0)
+ n = n->rb_left;
+ else
+ n = n->rb_right;
+ }
+
+ return close_node;
+}
+
+/*
+ * For a given inode, build a list of probes that need to be inserted.
+ */
+static void build_probe_list(struct inode *inode, struct list_head *head)
+{
+ struct uprobe *uprobe;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct rb_node *n;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&uprobes_treelock, flags);
+
+ n = find_least_offset_node(inode);
+
+ for (; n; n = rb_next(n)) {
+ uprobe = rb_entry(n, struct uprobe, rb_node);
+ if (uprobe->inode != inode)
+ break;
+
+ list_add(&uprobe->pending_list, head);
+ atomic_inc(&uprobe->ref);
+ }
+
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uprobes_treelock, flags);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Called from mmap_region.
+ * called with mm->mmap_sem acquired.
+ *
+ * Return -ve no if we fail to insert probes and we cannot
+ * bail-out.
+ * Return 0 otherwise. i.e:
+ *
+ * - successful insertion of probes
+ * - (or) no possible probes to be inserted.
+ * - (or) insertion of probes failed but we can bail-out.
+ */
+int uprobe_mmap(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ struct list_head tmp_list;
+ struct uprobe *uprobe;
+ struct inode *inode;
+ int ret, count;
+
+ if (!atomic_read(&uprobe_events) || !valid_vma(vma, true))
+ return 0;
+
+ inode = vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host;
+ if (!inode)
+ return 0;
+
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tmp_list);
+ mutex_lock(uprobes_mmap_hash(inode));
+ build_probe_list(inode, &tmp_list);
+
+ ret = 0;
+ count = 0;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(uprobe, &tmp_list, pending_list) {
+ if (!ret) {
+ loff_t vaddr = vma_address(vma, uprobe->offset);
+
+ if (vaddr < vma->vm_start || vaddr >= vma->vm_end) {
+ put_uprobe(uprobe);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ ret = install_breakpoint(uprobe, vma->vm_mm, vma, vaddr);
+ /*
+ * We can race against uprobe_register(), see the
+ * comment near uprobe_hash().
+ */
+ if (ret == -EEXIST) {
+ ret = 0;
+
+ if (!is_swbp_at_addr(vma->vm_mm, vaddr))
+ continue;
+
+ /*
+ * Unable to insert a breakpoint, but
+ * breakpoint lies underneath. Increment the
+ * probe count.
+ */
+ atomic_inc(&vma->vm_mm->uprobes_state.count);
+ }
+
+ if (!ret)
+ count++;
+ }
+ put_uprobe(uprobe);
+ }
+
+ mutex_unlock(uprobes_mmap_hash(inode));
+
+ if (ret)
+ atomic_sub(count, &vma->vm_mm->uprobes_state.count);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Called in context of a munmap of a vma.
+ */
+void uprobe_munmap(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
+{
+ struct list_head tmp_list;
+ struct uprobe *uprobe;
+ struct inode *inode;
+
+ if (!atomic_read(&uprobe_events) || !valid_vma(vma, false))
+ return;
+
+ if (!atomic_read(&vma->vm_mm->uprobes_state.count))
+ return;
+
+ inode = vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host;
+ if (!inode)
+ return;
+
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tmp_list);
+ mutex_lock(uprobes_mmap_hash(inode));
+ build_probe_list(inode, &tmp_list);
+
+ list_for_each_entry(uprobe, &tmp_list, pending_list) {
+ loff_t vaddr = vma_address(vma, uprobe->offset);
+
+ if (vaddr >= start && vaddr < end) {
+ /*
+ * An unregister could have removed the probe before
+ * unmap. So check before we decrement the count.
+ */
+ if (is_swbp_at_addr(vma->vm_mm, vaddr) == 1)
+ atomic_dec(&vma->vm_mm->uprobes_state.count);
+ }
+ put_uprobe(uprobe);
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(uprobes_mmap_hash(inode));
+}
+
+/* Slot allocation for XOL */
+static int xol_add_vma(struct xol_area *area)
+{
+ struct mm_struct *mm;
+ int ret;
+
+ area->page = alloc_page(GFP_HIGHUSER);
+ if (!area->page)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ ret = -EALREADY;
+ mm = current->mm;
+
+ down_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
+ if (mm->uprobes_state.xol_area)
+ goto fail;
+
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+
+ /* Try to map as high as possible, this is only a hint. */
+ area->vaddr = get_unmapped_area(NULL, TASK_SIZE - PAGE_SIZE, PAGE_SIZE, 0, 0);
+ if (area->vaddr & ~PAGE_MASK) {
+ ret = area->vaddr;
+ goto fail;
+ }
+
+ ret = install_special_mapping(mm, area->vaddr, PAGE_SIZE,
+ VM_EXEC|VM_MAYEXEC|VM_DONTCOPY|VM_IO, &area->page);
+ if (ret)
+ goto fail;
+
+ smp_wmb(); /* pairs with get_xol_area() */
+ mm->uprobes_state.xol_area = area;
+ ret = 0;
+
+fail:
+ up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
+ if (ret)
+ __free_page(area->page);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static struct xol_area *get_xol_area(struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+ struct xol_area *area;
+
+ area = mm->uprobes_state.xol_area;
+ smp_read_barrier_depends(); /* pairs with wmb in xol_add_vma() */
+
+ return area;
+}
+
+/*
+ * xol_alloc_area - Allocate process's xol_area.
+ * This area will be used for storing instructions for execution out of
+ * line.
+ *
+ * Returns the allocated area or NULL.
+ */
+static struct xol_area *xol_alloc_area(void)
+{
+ struct xol_area *area;
+
+ area = kzalloc(sizeof(*area), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (unlikely(!area))
+ return NULL;
+
+ area->bitmap = kzalloc(BITS_TO_LONGS(UINSNS_PER_PAGE) * sizeof(long), GFP_KERNEL);
+
+ if (!area->bitmap)
+ goto fail;
+
+ init_waitqueue_head(&area->wq);
+ if (!xol_add_vma(area))
+ return area;
+
+fail:
+ kfree(area->bitmap);
+ kfree(area);
+
+ return get_xol_area(current->mm);
+}
+
+/*
+ * uprobe_clear_state - Free the area allocated for slots.
+ */
+void uprobe_clear_state(struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+ struct xol_area *area = mm->uprobes_state.xol_area;
+
+ if (!area)
+ return;
+
+ put_page(area->page);
+ kfree(area->bitmap);
+ kfree(area);
+}
+
+/*
+ * uprobe_reset_state - Free the area allocated for slots.
+ */
+void uprobe_reset_state(struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+ mm->uprobes_state.xol_area = NULL;
+ atomic_set(&mm->uprobes_state.count, 0);
+}
+
+/*
+ * - search for a free slot.
+ */
+static unsigned long xol_take_insn_slot(struct xol_area *area)
+{
+ unsigned long slot_addr;
+ int slot_nr;
+
+ do {
+ slot_nr = find_first_zero_bit(area->bitmap, UINSNS_PER_PAGE);
+ if (slot_nr < UINSNS_PER_PAGE) {
+ if (!test_and_set_bit(slot_nr, area->bitmap))
+ break;
+
+ slot_nr = UINSNS_PER_PAGE;
+ continue;
+ }
+ wait_event(area->wq, (atomic_read(&area->slot_count) < UINSNS_PER_PAGE));
+ } while (slot_nr >= UINSNS_PER_PAGE);
+
+ slot_addr = area->vaddr + (slot_nr * UPROBE_XOL_SLOT_BYTES);
+ atomic_inc(&area->slot_count);
+
+ return slot_addr;
+}
+
+/*
+ * xol_get_insn_slot - If was not allocated a slot, then
+ * allocate a slot.
+ * Returns the allocated slot address or 0.
+ */
+static unsigned long xol_get_insn_slot(struct uprobe *uprobe, unsigned long slot_addr)
+{
+ struct xol_area *area;
+ unsigned long offset;
+ void *vaddr;
+
+ area = get_xol_area(current->mm);
+ if (!area) {
+ area = xol_alloc_area();
+ if (!area)
+ return 0;
+ }
+ current->utask->xol_vaddr = xol_take_insn_slot(area);
+
+ /*
+ * Initialize the slot if xol_vaddr points to valid
+ * instruction slot.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(!current->utask->xol_vaddr))
+ return 0;
+
+ current->utask->vaddr = slot_addr;
+ offset = current->utask->xol_vaddr & ~PAGE_MASK;
+ vaddr = kmap_atomic(area->page);
+ memcpy(vaddr + offset, uprobe->arch.insn, MAX_UINSN_BYTES);
+ kunmap_atomic(vaddr);
+
+ return current->utask->xol_vaddr;
+}
+
+/*
+ * xol_free_insn_slot - If slot was earlier allocated by
+ * @xol_get_insn_slot(), make the slot available for
+ * subsequent requests.
+ */
+static void xol_free_insn_slot(struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+ struct xol_area *area;
+ unsigned long vma_end;
+ unsigned long slot_addr;
+
+ if (!tsk->mm || !tsk->mm->uprobes_state.xol_area || !tsk->utask)
+ return;
+
+ slot_addr = tsk->utask->xol_vaddr;
+
+ if (unlikely(!slot_addr || IS_ERR_VALUE(slot_addr)))
+ return;
+
+ area = tsk->mm->uprobes_state.xol_area;
+ vma_end = area->vaddr + PAGE_SIZE;
+ if (area->vaddr <= slot_addr && slot_addr < vma_end) {
+ unsigned long offset;
+ int slot_nr;
+
+ offset = slot_addr - area->vaddr;
+ slot_nr = offset / UPROBE_XOL_SLOT_BYTES;
+ if (slot_nr >= UINSNS_PER_PAGE)
+ return;
+
+ clear_bit(slot_nr, area->bitmap);
+ atomic_dec(&area->slot_count);
+ if (waitqueue_active(&area->wq))
+ wake_up(&area->wq);
+
+ tsk->utask->xol_vaddr = 0;
+ }
+}
+
+/**
+ * uprobe_get_swbp_addr - compute address of swbp given post-swbp regs
+ * @regs: Reflects the saved state of the task after it has hit a breakpoint
+ * instruction.
+ * Return the address of the breakpoint instruction.
+ */
+unsigned long __weak uprobe_get_swbp_addr(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ return instruction_pointer(regs) - UPROBE_SWBP_INSN_SIZE;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Called with no locks held.
+ * Called in context of a exiting or a exec-ing thread.
+ */
+void uprobe_free_utask(struct task_struct *t)
+{
+ struct uprobe_task *utask = t->utask;
+
+ if (!utask)
+ return;
+
+ if (utask->active_uprobe)
+ put_uprobe(utask->active_uprobe);
+
+ xol_free_insn_slot(t);
+ kfree(utask);
+ t->utask = NULL;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Called in context of a new clone/fork from copy_process.
+ */
+void uprobe_copy_process(struct task_struct *t)
+{
+ t->utask = NULL;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Allocate a uprobe_task object for the task.
+ * Called when the thread hits a breakpoint for the first time.
+ *
+ * Returns:
+ * - pointer to new uprobe_task on success
+ * - NULL otherwise
+ */
+static struct uprobe_task *add_utask(void)
+{
+ struct uprobe_task *utask;
+
+ utask = kzalloc(sizeof *utask, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (unlikely(!utask))
+ return NULL;
+
+ current->utask = utask;
+ return utask;
+}
+
+/* Prepare to single-step probed instruction out of line. */
+static int
+pre_ssout(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long vaddr)
+{
+ if (xol_get_insn_slot(uprobe, vaddr) && !arch_uprobe_pre_xol(&uprobe->arch, regs))
+ return 0;
+
+ return -EFAULT;
+}
+
+/*
+ * If we are singlestepping, then ensure this thread is not connected to
+ * non-fatal signals until completion of singlestep. When xol insn itself
+ * triggers the signal, restart the original insn even if the task is
+ * already SIGKILL'ed (since coredump should report the correct ip). This
+ * is even more important if the task has a handler for SIGSEGV/etc, The
+ * _same_ instruction should be repeated again after return from the signal
+ * handler, and SSTEP can never finish in this case.
+ */
+bool uprobe_deny_signal(void)
+{
+ struct task_struct *t = current;
+ struct uprobe_task *utask = t->utask;
+
+ if (likely(!utask || !utask->active_uprobe))
+ return false;
+
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(utask->state != UTASK_SSTEP);
+
+ if (signal_pending(t)) {
+ spin_lock_irq(&t->sighand->siglock);
+ clear_tsk_thread_flag(t, TIF_SIGPENDING);
+ spin_unlock_irq(&t->sighand->siglock);
+
+ if (__fatal_signal_pending(t) || arch_uprobe_xol_was_trapped(t)) {
+ utask->state = UTASK_SSTEP_TRAPPED;
+ set_tsk_thread_flag(t, TIF_UPROBE);
+ set_tsk_thread_flag(t, TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME);
+ }
+ }
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Avoid singlestepping the original instruction if the original instruction
+ * is a NOP or can be emulated.
+ */
+static bool can_skip_sstep(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ if (arch_uprobe_skip_sstep(&uprobe->arch, regs))
+ return true;
+
+ uprobe->flags &= ~UPROBE_SKIP_SSTEP;
+ return false;
+}
+
+static struct uprobe *find_active_uprobe(unsigned long bp_vaddr, int *is_swbp)
+{
+ struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
+ struct uprobe *uprobe = NULL;
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+
+ down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
+ vma = find_vma(mm, bp_vaddr);
+ if (vma && vma->vm_start <= bp_vaddr) {
+ if (valid_vma(vma, false)) {
+ struct inode *inode;
+ loff_t offset;
+
+ inode = vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host;
+ offset = bp_vaddr - vma->vm_start;
+ offset += (vma->vm_pgoff << PAGE_SHIFT);
+ uprobe = find_uprobe(inode, offset);
+ }
+
+ if (!uprobe)
+ *is_swbp = is_swbp_at_addr(mm, bp_vaddr);
+ } else {
+ *is_swbp = -EFAULT;
+ }
+ up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
+
+ return uprobe;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Run handler and ask thread to singlestep.
+ * Ensure all non-fatal signals cannot interrupt thread while it singlesteps.
+ */
+static void handle_swbp(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct uprobe_task *utask;
+ struct uprobe *uprobe;
+ unsigned long bp_vaddr;
+ int uninitialized_var(is_swbp);
+
+ bp_vaddr = uprobe_get_swbp_addr(regs);
+ uprobe = find_active_uprobe(bp_vaddr, &is_swbp);
+
+ if (!uprobe) {
+ if (is_swbp > 0) {
+ /* No matching uprobe; signal SIGTRAP. */
+ send_sig(SIGTRAP, current, 0);
+ } else {
+ /*
+ * Either we raced with uprobe_unregister() or we can't
+ * access this memory. The latter is only possible if
+ * another thread plays with our ->mm. In both cases
+ * we can simply restart. If this vma was unmapped we
+ * can pretend this insn was not executed yet and get
+ * the (correct) SIGSEGV after restart.
+ */
+ instruction_pointer_set(regs, bp_vaddr);
+ }
+ return;
+ }
+
+ utask = current->utask;
+ if (!utask) {
+ utask = add_utask();
+ /* Cannot allocate; re-execute the instruction. */
+ if (!utask)
+ goto cleanup_ret;
+ }
+ utask->active_uprobe = uprobe;
+ handler_chain(uprobe, regs);
+ if (uprobe->flags & UPROBE_SKIP_SSTEP && can_skip_sstep(uprobe, regs))
+ goto cleanup_ret;
+
+ utask->state = UTASK_SSTEP;
+ if (!pre_ssout(uprobe, regs, bp_vaddr)) {
+ user_enable_single_step(current);
+ return;
+ }
+
+cleanup_ret:
+ if (utask) {
+ utask->active_uprobe = NULL;
+ utask->state = UTASK_RUNNING;
+ }
+ if (uprobe) {
+ if (!(uprobe->flags & UPROBE_SKIP_SSTEP))
+
+ /*
+ * cannot singlestep; cannot skip instruction;
+ * re-execute the instruction.
+ */
+ instruction_pointer_set(regs, bp_vaddr);
+
+ put_uprobe(uprobe);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Perform required fix-ups and disable singlestep.
+ * Allow pending signals to take effect.
+ */
+static void handle_singlestep(struct uprobe_task *utask, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct uprobe *uprobe;
+
+ uprobe = utask->active_uprobe;
+ if (utask->state == UTASK_SSTEP_ACK)
+ arch_uprobe_post_xol(&uprobe->arch, regs);
+ else if (utask->state == UTASK_SSTEP_TRAPPED)
+ arch_uprobe_abort_xol(&uprobe->arch, regs);
+ else
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
+
+ put_uprobe(uprobe);
+ utask->active_uprobe = NULL;
+ utask->state = UTASK_RUNNING;
+ user_disable_single_step(current);
+ xol_free_insn_slot(current);
+
+ spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
+ recalc_sigpending(); /* see uprobe_deny_signal() */
+ spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
+}
+
+/*
+ * On breakpoint hit, breakpoint notifier sets the TIF_UPROBE flag. (and on
+ * subsequent probe hits on the thread sets the state to UTASK_BP_HIT) and
+ * allows the thread to return from interrupt.
+ *
+ * On singlestep exception, singlestep notifier sets the TIF_UPROBE flag and
+ * also sets the state to UTASK_SSTEP_ACK and allows the thread to return from
+ * interrupt.
+ *
+ * While returning to userspace, thread notices the TIF_UPROBE flag and calls
+ * uprobe_notify_resume().
+ */
+void uprobe_notify_resume(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct uprobe_task *utask;
+
+ utask = current->utask;
+ if (!utask || utask->state == UTASK_BP_HIT)
+ handle_swbp(regs);
+ else
+ handle_singlestep(utask, regs);
+}
+
+/*
+ * uprobe_pre_sstep_notifier gets called from interrupt context as part of
+ * notifier mechanism. Set TIF_UPROBE flag and indicate breakpoint hit.
+ */
+int uprobe_pre_sstep_notifier(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct uprobe_task *utask;
+
+ if (!current->mm || !atomic_read(&current->mm->uprobes_state.count))
+ /* task is currently not uprobed */
+ return 0;
+
+ utask = current->utask;
+ if (utask)
+ utask->state = UTASK_BP_HIT;
+
+ set_thread_flag(TIF_UPROBE);
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * uprobe_post_sstep_notifier gets called in interrupt context as part of notifier
+ * mechanism. Set TIF_UPROBE flag and indicate completion of singlestep.
+ */
+int uprobe_post_sstep_notifier(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct uprobe_task *utask = current->utask;
+
+ if (!current->mm || !utask || !utask->active_uprobe)
+ /* task is currently not uprobed */
+ return 0;
+
+ utask->state = UTASK_SSTEP_ACK;
+ set_thread_flag(TIF_UPROBE);
+ return 1;
+}
+
+static struct notifier_block uprobe_exception_nb = {
+ .notifier_call = arch_uprobe_exception_notify,
+ .priority = INT_MAX-1, /* notified after kprobes, kgdb */
+};
+
+static int __init init_uprobes(void)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < UPROBES_HASH_SZ; i++) {
+ mutex_init(&uprobes_mutex[i]);
+ mutex_init(&uprobes_mmap_mutex[i]);
+ }
+
+ return register_die_notifier(&uprobe_exception_nb);
+}
+module_init(init_uprobes);
+
+static void __exit exit_uprobes(void)
+{
+}
+module_exit(exit_uprobes);