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-The Definitive KVM (Kernel-based Virtual Machine) API Documentation
-===================================================================
-
-1. General description
-----------------------
-
-The kvm API is a set of ioctls that are issued to control various aspects
-of a virtual machine. The ioctls belong to three classes
-
- - System ioctls: These query and set global attributes which affect the
- whole kvm subsystem. In addition a system ioctl is used to create
- virtual machines
-
- - VM ioctls: These query and set attributes that affect an entire virtual
- machine, for example memory layout. In addition a VM ioctl is used to
- create virtual cpus (vcpus).
-
- Only run VM ioctls from the same process (address space) that was used
- to create the VM.
-
- - vcpu ioctls: These query and set attributes that control the operation
- of a single virtual cpu.
-
- Only run vcpu ioctls from the same thread that was used to create the
- vcpu.
-
-
-2. File descriptors
--------------------
-
-The kvm API is centered around file descriptors. An initial
-open("/dev/kvm") obtains a handle to the kvm subsystem; this handle
-can be used to issue system ioctls. A KVM_CREATE_VM ioctl on this
-handle will create a VM file descriptor which can be used to issue VM
-ioctls. A KVM_CREATE_VCPU ioctl on a VM fd will create a virtual cpu
-and return a file descriptor pointing to it. Finally, ioctls on a vcpu
-fd can be used to control the vcpu, including the important task of
-actually running guest code.
-
-In general file descriptors can be migrated among processes by means
-of fork() and the SCM_RIGHTS facility of unix domain socket. These
-kinds of tricks are explicitly not supported by kvm. While they will
-not cause harm to the host, their actual behavior is not guaranteed by
-the API. The only supported use is one virtual machine per process,
-and one vcpu per thread.
-
-
-3. Extensions
--------------
-
-As of Linux 2.6.22, the KVM ABI has been stabilized: no backward
-incompatible change are allowed. However, there is an extension
-facility that allows backward-compatible extensions to the API to be
-queried and used.
-
-The extension mechanism is not based on on the Linux version number.
-Instead, kvm defines extension identifiers and a facility to query
-whether a particular extension identifier is available. If it is, a
-set of ioctls is available for application use.
-
-
-4. API description
-------------------
-
-This section describes ioctls that can be used to control kvm guests.
-For each ioctl, the following information is provided along with a
-description:
-
- Capability: which KVM extension provides this ioctl. Can be 'basic',
- which means that is will be provided by any kernel that supports
- API version 12 (see section 4.1), or a KVM_CAP_xyz constant, which
- means availability needs to be checked with KVM_CHECK_EXTENSION
- (see section 4.4).
-
- Architectures: which instruction set architectures provide this ioctl.
- x86 includes both i386 and x86_64.
-
- Type: system, vm, or vcpu.
-
- Parameters: what parameters are accepted by the ioctl.
-
- Returns: the return value. General error numbers (EBADF, ENOMEM, EINVAL)
- are not detailed, but errors with specific meanings are.
-
-
-4.1 KVM_GET_API_VERSION
-
-Capability: basic
-Architectures: all
-Type: system ioctl
-Parameters: none
-Returns: the constant KVM_API_VERSION (=12)
-
-This identifies the API version as the stable kvm API. It is not
-expected that this number will change. However, Linux 2.6.20 and
-2.6.21 report earlier versions; these are not documented and not
-supported. Applications should refuse to run if KVM_GET_API_VERSION
-returns a value other than 12. If this check passes, all ioctls
-described as 'basic' will be available.
-
-
-4.2 KVM_CREATE_VM
-
-Capability: basic
-Architectures: all
-Type: system ioctl
-Parameters: machine type identifier (KVM_VM_*)
-Returns: a VM fd that can be used to control the new virtual machine.
-
-The new VM has no virtual cpus and no memory. An mmap() of a VM fd
-will access the virtual machine's physical address space; offset zero
-corresponds to guest physical address zero. Use of mmap() on a VM fd
-is discouraged if userspace memory allocation (KVM_CAP_USER_MEMORY) is
-available.
-You most certainly want to use 0 as machine type.
-
-In order to create user controlled virtual machines on S390, check
-KVM_CAP_S390_UCONTROL and use the flag KVM_VM_S390_UCONTROL as
-privileged user (CAP_SYS_ADMIN).
-
-
-4.3 KVM_GET_MSR_INDEX_LIST
-
-Capability: basic
-Architectures: x86
-Type: system
-Parameters: struct kvm_msr_list (in/out)
-Returns: 0 on success; -1 on error
-Errors:
- E2BIG: the msr index list is to be to fit in the array specified by
- the user.
-
-struct kvm_msr_list {
- __u32 nmsrs; /* number of msrs in entries */
- __u32 indices[0];
-};
-
-This ioctl returns the guest msrs that are supported. The list varies
-by kvm version and host processor, but does not change otherwise. The
-user fills in the size of the indices array in nmsrs, and in return
-kvm adjusts nmsrs to reflect the actual number of msrs and fills in
-the indices array with their numbers.
-
-Note: if kvm indicates supports MCE (KVM_CAP_MCE), then the MCE bank MSRs are
-not returned in the MSR list, as different vcpus can have a different number
-of banks, as set via the KVM_X86_SETUP_MCE ioctl.
-
-
-4.4 KVM_CHECK_EXTENSION
-
-Capability: basic
-Architectures: all
-Type: system ioctl
-Parameters: extension identifier (KVM_CAP_*)
-Returns: 0 if unsupported; 1 (or some other positive integer) if supported
-
-The API allows the application to query about extensions to the core
-kvm API. Userspace passes an extension identifier (an integer) and
-receives an integer that describes the extension availability.
-Generally 0 means no and 1 means yes, but some extensions may report
-additional information in the integer return value.
-
-
-4.5 KVM_GET_VCPU_MMAP_SIZE
-
-Capability: basic
-Architectures: all
-Type: system ioctl
-Parameters: none
-Returns: size of vcpu mmap area, in bytes
-
-The KVM_RUN ioctl (cf.) communicates with userspace via a shared
-memory region. This ioctl returns the size of that region. See the
-KVM_RUN documentation for details.
-
-
-4.6 KVM_SET_MEMORY_REGION
-
-Capability: basic
-Architectures: all
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_memory_region (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-This ioctl is obsolete and has been removed.
-
-
-4.7 KVM_CREATE_VCPU
-
-Capability: basic
-Architectures: all
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: vcpu id (apic id on x86)
-Returns: vcpu fd on success, -1 on error
-
-This API adds a vcpu to a virtual machine. The vcpu id is a small integer
-in the range [0, max_vcpus).
-
-The recommended max_vcpus value can be retrieved using the KVM_CAP_NR_VCPUS of
-the KVM_CHECK_EXTENSION ioctl() at run-time.
-The maximum possible value for max_vcpus can be retrieved using the
-KVM_CAP_MAX_VCPUS of the KVM_CHECK_EXTENSION ioctl() at run-time.
-
-If the KVM_CAP_NR_VCPUS does not exist, you should assume that max_vcpus is 4
-cpus max.
-If the KVM_CAP_MAX_VCPUS does not exist, you should assume that max_vcpus is
-same as the value returned from KVM_CAP_NR_VCPUS.
-
-On powerpc using book3s_hv mode, the vcpus are mapped onto virtual
-threads in one or more virtual CPU cores. (This is because the
-hardware requires all the hardware threads in a CPU core to be in the
-same partition.) The KVM_CAP_PPC_SMT capability indicates the number
-of vcpus per virtual core (vcore). The vcore id is obtained by
-dividing the vcpu id by the number of vcpus per vcore. The vcpus in a
-given vcore will always be in the same physical core as each other
-(though that might be a different physical core from time to time).
-Userspace can control the threading (SMT) mode of the guest by its
-allocation of vcpu ids. For example, if userspace wants
-single-threaded guest vcpus, it should make all vcpu ids be a multiple
-of the number of vcpus per vcore.
-
-On powerpc using book3s_hv mode, the vcpus are mapped onto virtual
-threads in one or more virtual CPU cores. (This is because the
-hardware requires all the hardware threads in a CPU core to be in the
-same partition.) The KVM_CAP_PPC_SMT capability indicates the number
-of vcpus per virtual core (vcore). The vcore id is obtained by
-dividing the vcpu id by the number of vcpus per vcore. The vcpus in a
-given vcore will always be in the same physical core as each other
-(though that might be a different physical core from time to time).
-Userspace can control the threading (SMT) mode of the guest by its
-allocation of vcpu ids. For example, if userspace wants
-single-threaded guest vcpus, it should make all vcpu ids be a multiple
-of the number of vcpus per vcore.
-
-For virtual cpus that have been created with S390 user controlled virtual
-machines, the resulting vcpu fd can be memory mapped at page offset
-KVM_S390_SIE_PAGE_OFFSET in order to obtain a memory map of the virtual
-cpu's hardware control block.
-
-
-4.8 KVM_GET_DIRTY_LOG (vm ioctl)
-
-Capability: basic
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_dirty_log (in/out)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-/* for KVM_GET_DIRTY_LOG */
-struct kvm_dirty_log {
- __u32 slot;
- __u32 padding;
- union {
- void __user *dirty_bitmap; /* one bit per page */
- __u64 padding;
- };
-};
-
-Given a memory slot, return a bitmap containing any pages dirtied
-since the last call to this ioctl. Bit 0 is the first page in the
-memory slot. Ensure the entire structure is cleared to avoid padding
-issues.
-
-
-4.9 KVM_SET_MEMORY_ALIAS
-
-Capability: basic
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_memory_alias (in)
-Returns: 0 (success), -1 (error)
-
-This ioctl is obsolete and has been removed.
-
-
-4.10 KVM_RUN
-
-Capability: basic
-Architectures: all
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: none
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-Errors:
- EINTR: an unmasked signal is pending
-
-This ioctl is used to run a guest virtual cpu. While there are no
-explicit parameters, there is an implicit parameter block that can be
-obtained by mmap()ing the vcpu fd at offset 0, with the size given by
-KVM_GET_VCPU_MMAP_SIZE. The parameter block is formatted as a 'struct
-kvm_run' (see below).
-
-
-4.11 KVM_GET_REGS
-
-Capability: basic
-Architectures: all
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_regs (out)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Reads the general purpose registers from the vcpu.
-
-/* x86 */
-struct kvm_regs {
- /* out (KVM_GET_REGS) / in (KVM_SET_REGS) */
- __u64 rax, rbx, rcx, rdx;
- __u64 rsi, rdi, rsp, rbp;
- __u64 r8, r9, r10, r11;
- __u64 r12, r13, r14, r15;
- __u64 rip, rflags;
-};
-
-
-4.12 KVM_SET_REGS
-
-Capability: basic
-Architectures: all
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_regs (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Writes the general purpose registers into the vcpu.
-
-See KVM_GET_REGS for the data structure.
-
-
-4.13 KVM_GET_SREGS
-
-Capability: basic
-Architectures: x86, ppc
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_sregs (out)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Reads special registers from the vcpu.
-
-/* x86 */
-struct kvm_sregs {
- struct kvm_segment cs, ds, es, fs, gs, ss;
- struct kvm_segment tr, ldt;
- struct kvm_dtable gdt, idt;
- __u64 cr0, cr2, cr3, cr4, cr8;
- __u64 efer;
- __u64 apic_base;
- __u64 interrupt_bitmap[(KVM_NR_INTERRUPTS + 63) / 64];
-};
-
-/* ppc -- see arch/powerpc/include/asm/kvm.h */
-
-interrupt_bitmap is a bitmap of pending external interrupts. At most
-one bit may be set. This interrupt has been acknowledged by the APIC
-but not yet injected into the cpu core.
-
-
-4.14 KVM_SET_SREGS
-
-Capability: basic
-Architectures: x86, ppc
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_sregs (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Writes special registers into the vcpu. See KVM_GET_SREGS for the
-data structures.
-
-
-4.15 KVM_TRANSLATE
-
-Capability: basic
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_translation (in/out)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Translates a virtual address according to the vcpu's current address
-translation mode.
-
-struct kvm_translation {
- /* in */
- __u64 linear_address;
-
- /* out */
- __u64 physical_address;
- __u8 valid;
- __u8 writeable;
- __u8 usermode;
- __u8 pad[5];
-};
-
-
-4.16 KVM_INTERRUPT
-
-Capability: basic
-Architectures: x86, ppc
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_interrupt (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Queues a hardware interrupt vector to be injected. This is only
-useful if in-kernel local APIC or equivalent is not used.
-
-/* for KVM_INTERRUPT */
-struct kvm_interrupt {
- /* in */
- __u32 irq;
-};
-
-X86:
-
-Note 'irq' is an interrupt vector, not an interrupt pin or line.
-
-PPC:
-
-Queues an external interrupt to be injected. This ioctl is overleaded
-with 3 different irq values:
-
-a) KVM_INTERRUPT_SET
-
- This injects an edge type external interrupt into the guest once it's ready
- to receive interrupts. When injected, the interrupt is done.
-
-b) KVM_INTERRUPT_UNSET
-
- This unsets any pending interrupt.
-
- Only available with KVM_CAP_PPC_UNSET_IRQ.
-
-c) KVM_INTERRUPT_SET_LEVEL
-
- This injects a level type external interrupt into the guest context. The
- interrupt stays pending until a specific ioctl with KVM_INTERRUPT_UNSET
- is triggered.
-
- Only available with KVM_CAP_PPC_IRQ_LEVEL.
-
-Note that any value for 'irq' other than the ones stated above is invalid
-and incurs unexpected behavior.
-
-
-4.17 KVM_DEBUG_GUEST
-
-Capability: basic
-Architectures: none
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: none)
-Returns: -1 on error
-
-Support for this has been removed. Use KVM_SET_GUEST_DEBUG instead.
-
-
-4.18 KVM_GET_MSRS
-
-Capability: basic
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_msrs (in/out)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Reads model-specific registers from the vcpu. Supported msr indices can
-be obtained using KVM_GET_MSR_INDEX_LIST.
-
-struct kvm_msrs {
- __u32 nmsrs; /* number of msrs in entries */
- __u32 pad;
-
- struct kvm_msr_entry entries[0];
-};
-
-struct kvm_msr_entry {
- __u32 index;
- __u32 reserved;
- __u64 data;
-};
-
-Application code should set the 'nmsrs' member (which indicates the
-size of the entries array) and the 'index' member of each array entry.
-kvm will fill in the 'data' member.
-
-
-4.19 KVM_SET_MSRS
-
-Capability: basic
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_msrs (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Writes model-specific registers to the vcpu. See KVM_GET_MSRS for the
-data structures.
-
-Application code should set the 'nmsrs' member (which indicates the
-size of the entries array), and the 'index' and 'data' members of each
-array entry.
-
-
-4.20 KVM_SET_CPUID
-
-Capability: basic
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_cpuid (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Defines the vcpu responses to the cpuid instruction. Applications
-should use the KVM_SET_CPUID2 ioctl if available.
-
-
-struct kvm_cpuid_entry {
- __u32 function;
- __u32 eax;
- __u32 ebx;
- __u32 ecx;
- __u32 edx;
- __u32 padding;
-};
-
-/* for KVM_SET_CPUID */
-struct kvm_cpuid {
- __u32 nent;
- __u32 padding;
- struct kvm_cpuid_entry entries[0];
-};
-
-
-4.21 KVM_SET_SIGNAL_MASK
-
-Capability: basic
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_signal_mask (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Defines which signals are blocked during execution of KVM_RUN. This
-signal mask temporarily overrides the threads signal mask. Any
-unblocked signal received (except SIGKILL and SIGSTOP, which retain
-their traditional behaviour) will cause KVM_RUN to return with -EINTR.
-
-Note the signal will only be delivered if not blocked by the original
-signal mask.
-
-/* for KVM_SET_SIGNAL_MASK */
-struct kvm_signal_mask {
- __u32 len;
- __u8 sigset[0];
-};
-
-
-4.22 KVM_GET_FPU
-
-Capability: basic
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_fpu (out)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Reads the floating point state from the vcpu.
-
-/* for KVM_GET_FPU and KVM_SET_FPU */
-struct kvm_fpu {
- __u8 fpr[8][16];
- __u16 fcw;
- __u16 fsw;
- __u8 ftwx; /* in fxsave format */
- __u8 pad1;
- __u16 last_opcode;
- __u64 last_ip;
- __u64 last_dp;
- __u8 xmm[16][16];
- __u32 mxcsr;
- __u32 pad2;
-};
-
-
-4.23 KVM_SET_FPU
-
-Capability: basic
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_fpu (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Writes the floating point state to the vcpu.
-
-/* for KVM_GET_FPU and KVM_SET_FPU */
-struct kvm_fpu {
- __u8 fpr[8][16];
- __u16 fcw;
- __u16 fsw;
- __u8 ftwx; /* in fxsave format */
- __u8 pad1;
- __u16 last_opcode;
- __u64 last_ip;
- __u64 last_dp;
- __u8 xmm[16][16];
- __u32 mxcsr;
- __u32 pad2;
-};
-
-
-4.24 KVM_CREATE_IRQCHIP
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_IRQCHIP
-Architectures: x86, ia64
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: none
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Creates an interrupt controller model in the kernel. On x86, creates a virtual
-ioapic, a virtual PIC (two PICs, nested), and sets up future vcpus to have a
-local APIC. IRQ routing for GSIs 0-15 is set to both PIC and IOAPIC; GSI 16-23
-only go to the IOAPIC. On ia64, a IOSAPIC is created.
-
-
-4.25 KVM_IRQ_LINE
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_IRQCHIP
-Architectures: x86, ia64
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_irq_level
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Sets the level of a GSI input to the interrupt controller model in the kernel.
-Requires that an interrupt controller model has been previously created with
-KVM_CREATE_IRQCHIP. Note that edge-triggered interrupts require the level
-to be set to 1 and then back to 0.
-
-struct kvm_irq_level {
- union {
- __u32 irq; /* GSI */
- __s32 status; /* not used for KVM_IRQ_LEVEL */
- };
- __u32 level; /* 0 or 1 */
-};
-
-
-4.26 KVM_GET_IRQCHIP
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_IRQCHIP
-Architectures: x86, ia64
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_irqchip (in/out)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Reads the state of a kernel interrupt controller created with
-KVM_CREATE_IRQCHIP into a buffer provided by the caller.
-
-struct kvm_irqchip {
- __u32 chip_id; /* 0 = PIC1, 1 = PIC2, 2 = IOAPIC */
- __u32 pad;
- union {
- char dummy[512]; /* reserving space */
- struct kvm_pic_state pic;
- struct kvm_ioapic_state ioapic;
- } chip;
-};
-
-
-4.27 KVM_SET_IRQCHIP
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_IRQCHIP
-Architectures: x86, ia64
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_irqchip (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Sets the state of a kernel interrupt controller created with
-KVM_CREATE_IRQCHIP from a buffer provided by the caller.
-
-struct kvm_irqchip {
- __u32 chip_id; /* 0 = PIC1, 1 = PIC2, 2 = IOAPIC */
- __u32 pad;
- union {
- char dummy[512]; /* reserving space */
- struct kvm_pic_state pic;
- struct kvm_ioapic_state ioapic;
- } chip;
-};
-
-
-4.28 KVM_XEN_HVM_CONFIG
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_XEN_HVM
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_xen_hvm_config (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Sets the MSR that the Xen HVM guest uses to initialize its hypercall
-page, and provides the starting address and size of the hypercall
-blobs in userspace. When the guest writes the MSR, kvm copies one
-page of a blob (32- or 64-bit, depending on the vcpu mode) to guest
-memory.
-
-struct kvm_xen_hvm_config {
- __u32 flags;
- __u32 msr;
- __u64 blob_addr_32;
- __u64 blob_addr_64;
- __u8 blob_size_32;
- __u8 blob_size_64;
- __u8 pad2[30];
-};
-
-
-4.29 KVM_GET_CLOCK
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_ADJUST_CLOCK
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_clock_data (out)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Gets the current timestamp of kvmclock as seen by the current guest. In
-conjunction with KVM_SET_CLOCK, it is used to ensure monotonicity on scenarios
-such as migration.
-
-struct kvm_clock_data {
- __u64 clock; /* kvmclock current value */
- __u32 flags;
- __u32 pad[9];
-};
-
-
-4.30 KVM_SET_CLOCK
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_ADJUST_CLOCK
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_clock_data (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Sets the current timestamp of kvmclock to the value specified in its parameter.
-In conjunction with KVM_GET_CLOCK, it is used to ensure monotonicity on scenarios
-such as migration.
-
-struct kvm_clock_data {
- __u64 clock; /* kvmclock current value */
- __u32 flags;
- __u32 pad[9];
-};
-
-
-4.31 KVM_GET_VCPU_EVENTS
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_VCPU_EVENTS
-Extended by: KVM_CAP_INTR_SHADOW
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_vcpu_event (out)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Gets currently pending exceptions, interrupts, and NMIs as well as related
-states of the vcpu.
-
-struct kvm_vcpu_events {
- struct {
- __u8 injected;
- __u8 nr;
- __u8 has_error_code;
- __u8 pad;
- __u32 error_code;
- } exception;
- struct {
- __u8 injected;
- __u8 nr;
- __u8 soft;
- __u8 shadow;
- } interrupt;
- struct {
- __u8 injected;
- __u8 pending;
- __u8 masked;
- __u8 pad;
- } nmi;
- __u32 sipi_vector;
- __u32 flags;
-};
-
-KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_SHADOW may be set in the flags field to signal that
-interrupt.shadow contains a valid state. Otherwise, this field is undefined.
-
-
-4.32 KVM_SET_VCPU_EVENTS
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_VCPU_EVENTS
-Extended by: KVM_CAP_INTR_SHADOW
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_vcpu_event (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Set pending exceptions, interrupts, and NMIs as well as related states of the
-vcpu.
-
-See KVM_GET_VCPU_EVENTS for the data structure.
-
-Fields that may be modified asynchronously by running VCPUs can be excluded
-from the update. These fields are nmi.pending and sipi_vector. Keep the
-corresponding bits in the flags field cleared to suppress overwriting the
-current in-kernel state. The bits are:
-
-KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_NMI_PENDING - transfer nmi.pending to the kernel
-KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_SIPI_VECTOR - transfer sipi_vector
-
-If KVM_CAP_INTR_SHADOW is available, KVM_VCPUEVENT_VALID_SHADOW can be set in
-the flags field to signal that interrupt.shadow contains a valid state and
-shall be written into the VCPU.
-
-
-4.33 KVM_GET_DEBUGREGS
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_DEBUGREGS
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_debugregs (out)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Reads debug registers from the vcpu.
-
-struct kvm_debugregs {
- __u64 db[4];
- __u64 dr6;
- __u64 dr7;
- __u64 flags;
- __u64 reserved[9];
-};
-
-
-4.34 KVM_SET_DEBUGREGS
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_DEBUGREGS
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_debugregs (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Writes debug registers into the vcpu.
-
-See KVM_GET_DEBUGREGS for the data structure. The flags field is unused
-yet and must be cleared on entry.
-
-
-4.35 KVM_SET_USER_MEMORY_REGION
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_USER_MEM
-Architectures: all
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_userspace_memory_region (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-struct kvm_userspace_memory_region {
- __u32 slot;
- __u32 flags;
- __u64 guest_phys_addr;
- __u64 memory_size; /* bytes */
- __u64 userspace_addr; /* start of the userspace allocated memory */
-};
-
-/* for kvm_memory_region::flags */
-#define KVM_MEM_LOG_DIRTY_PAGES 1UL
-
-This ioctl allows the user to create or modify a guest physical memory
-slot. When changing an existing slot, it may be moved in the guest
-physical memory space, or its flags may be modified. It may not be
-resized. Slots may not overlap in guest physical address space.
-
-Memory for the region is taken starting at the address denoted by the
-field userspace_addr, which must point at user addressable memory for
-the entire memory slot size. Any object may back this memory, including
-anonymous memory, ordinary files, and hugetlbfs.
-
-It is recommended that the lower 21 bits of guest_phys_addr and userspace_addr
-be identical. This allows large pages in the guest to be backed by large
-pages in the host.
-
-The flags field supports just one flag, KVM_MEM_LOG_DIRTY_PAGES, which
-instructs kvm to keep track of writes to memory within the slot. See
-the KVM_GET_DIRTY_LOG ioctl.
-
-When the KVM_CAP_SYNC_MMU capability, changes in the backing of the memory
-region are automatically reflected into the guest. For example, an mmap()
-that affects the region will be made visible immediately. Another example
-is madvise(MADV_DROP).
-
-It is recommended to use this API instead of the KVM_SET_MEMORY_REGION ioctl.
-The KVM_SET_MEMORY_REGION does not allow fine grained control over memory
-allocation and is deprecated.
-
-
-4.36 KVM_SET_TSS_ADDR
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_SET_TSS_ADDR
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: unsigned long tss_address (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-This ioctl defines the physical address of a three-page region in the guest
-physical address space. The region must be within the first 4GB of the
-guest physical address space and must not conflict with any memory slot
-or any mmio address. The guest may malfunction if it accesses this memory
-region.
-
-This ioctl is required on Intel-based hosts. This is needed on Intel hardware
-because of a quirk in the virtualization implementation (see the internals
-documentation when it pops into existence).
-
-
-4.37 KVM_ENABLE_CAP
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_ENABLE_CAP
-Architectures: ppc
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_enable_cap (in)
-Returns: 0 on success; -1 on error
-
-+Not all extensions are enabled by default. Using this ioctl the application
-can enable an extension, making it available to the guest.
-
-On systems that do not support this ioctl, it always fails. On systems that
-do support it, it only works for extensions that are supported for enablement.
-
-To check if a capability can be enabled, the KVM_CHECK_EXTENSION ioctl should
-be used.
-
-struct kvm_enable_cap {
- /* in */
- __u32 cap;
-
-The capability that is supposed to get enabled.
-
- __u32 flags;
-
-A bitfield indicating future enhancements. Has to be 0 for now.
-
- __u64 args[4];
-
-Arguments for enabling a feature. If a feature needs initial values to
-function properly, this is the place to put them.
-
- __u8 pad[64];
-};
-
-
-4.38 KVM_GET_MP_STATE
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_MP_STATE
-Architectures: x86, ia64
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_mp_state (out)
-Returns: 0 on success; -1 on error
-
-struct kvm_mp_state {
- __u32 mp_state;
-};
-
-Returns the vcpu's current "multiprocessing state" (though also valid on
-uniprocessor guests).
-
-Possible values are:
-
- - KVM_MP_STATE_RUNNABLE: the vcpu is currently running
- - KVM_MP_STATE_UNINITIALIZED: the vcpu is an application processor (AP)
- which has not yet received an INIT signal
- - KVM_MP_STATE_INIT_RECEIVED: the vcpu has received an INIT signal, and is
- now ready for a SIPI
- - KVM_MP_STATE_HALTED: the vcpu has executed a HLT instruction and
- is waiting for an interrupt
- - KVM_MP_STATE_SIPI_RECEIVED: the vcpu has just received a SIPI (vector
- accessible via KVM_GET_VCPU_EVENTS)
-
-This ioctl is only useful after KVM_CREATE_IRQCHIP. Without an in-kernel
-irqchip, the multiprocessing state must be maintained by userspace.
-
-
-4.39 KVM_SET_MP_STATE
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_MP_STATE
-Architectures: x86, ia64
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_mp_state (in)
-Returns: 0 on success; -1 on error
-
-Sets the vcpu's current "multiprocessing state"; see KVM_GET_MP_STATE for
-arguments.
-
-This ioctl is only useful after KVM_CREATE_IRQCHIP. Without an in-kernel
-irqchip, the multiprocessing state must be maintained by userspace.
-
-
-4.40 KVM_SET_IDENTITY_MAP_ADDR
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_SET_IDENTITY_MAP_ADDR
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: unsigned long identity (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-This ioctl defines the physical address of a one-page region in the guest
-physical address space. The region must be within the first 4GB of the
-guest physical address space and must not conflict with any memory slot
-or any mmio address. The guest may malfunction if it accesses this memory
-region.
-
-This ioctl is required on Intel-based hosts. This is needed on Intel hardware
-because of a quirk in the virtualization implementation (see the internals
-documentation when it pops into existence).
-
-
-4.41 KVM_SET_BOOT_CPU_ID
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_SET_BOOT_CPU_ID
-Architectures: x86, ia64
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: unsigned long vcpu_id
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Define which vcpu is the Bootstrap Processor (BSP). Values are the same
-as the vcpu id in KVM_CREATE_VCPU. If this ioctl is not called, the default
-is vcpu 0.
-
-
-4.42 KVM_GET_XSAVE
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_XSAVE
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_xsave (out)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-struct kvm_xsave {
- __u32 region[1024];
-};
-
-This ioctl would copy current vcpu's xsave struct to the userspace.
-
-
-4.43 KVM_SET_XSAVE
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_XSAVE
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_xsave (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-struct kvm_xsave {
- __u32 region[1024];
-};
-
-This ioctl would copy userspace's xsave struct to the kernel.
-
-
-4.44 KVM_GET_XCRS
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_XCRS
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_xcrs (out)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-struct kvm_xcr {
- __u32 xcr;
- __u32 reserved;
- __u64 value;
-};
-
-struct kvm_xcrs {
- __u32 nr_xcrs;
- __u32 flags;
- struct kvm_xcr xcrs[KVM_MAX_XCRS];
- __u64 padding[16];
-};
-
-This ioctl would copy current vcpu's xcrs to the userspace.
-
-
-4.45 KVM_SET_XCRS
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_XCRS
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_xcrs (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-struct kvm_xcr {
- __u32 xcr;
- __u32 reserved;
- __u64 value;
-};
-
-struct kvm_xcrs {
- __u32 nr_xcrs;
- __u32 flags;
- struct kvm_xcr xcrs[KVM_MAX_XCRS];
- __u64 padding[16];
-};
-
-This ioctl would set vcpu's xcr to the value userspace specified.
-
-
-4.46 KVM_GET_SUPPORTED_CPUID
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_EXT_CPUID
-Architectures: x86
-Type: system ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_cpuid2 (in/out)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-struct kvm_cpuid2 {
- __u32 nent;
- __u32 padding;
- struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 entries[0];
-};
-
-#define KVM_CPUID_FLAG_SIGNIFCANT_INDEX 1
-#define KVM_CPUID_FLAG_STATEFUL_FUNC 2
-#define KVM_CPUID_FLAG_STATE_READ_NEXT 4
-
-struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 {
- __u32 function;
- __u32 index;
- __u32 flags;
- __u32 eax;
- __u32 ebx;
- __u32 ecx;
- __u32 edx;
- __u32 padding[3];
-};
-
-This ioctl returns x86 cpuid features which are supported by both the hardware
-and kvm. Userspace can use the information returned by this ioctl to
-construct cpuid information (for KVM_SET_CPUID2) that is consistent with
-hardware, kernel, and userspace capabilities, and with user requirements (for
-example, the user may wish to constrain cpuid to emulate older hardware,
-or for feature consistency across a cluster).
-
-Userspace invokes KVM_GET_SUPPORTED_CPUID by passing a kvm_cpuid2 structure
-with the 'nent' field indicating the number of entries in the variable-size
-array 'entries'. If the number of entries is too low to describe the cpu
-capabilities, an error (E2BIG) is returned. If the number is too high,
-the 'nent' field is adjusted and an error (ENOMEM) is returned. If the
-number is just right, the 'nent' field is adjusted to the number of valid
-entries in the 'entries' array, which is then filled.
-
-The entries returned are the host cpuid as returned by the cpuid instruction,
-with unknown or unsupported features masked out. Some features (for example,
-x2apic), may not be present in the host cpu, but are exposed by kvm if it can
-emulate them efficiently. The fields in each entry are defined as follows:
-
- function: the eax value used to obtain the entry
- index: the ecx value used to obtain the entry (for entries that are
- affected by ecx)
- flags: an OR of zero or more of the following:
- KVM_CPUID_FLAG_SIGNIFCANT_INDEX:
- if the index field is valid
- KVM_CPUID_FLAG_STATEFUL_FUNC:
- if cpuid for this function returns different values for successive
- invocations; there will be several entries with the same function,
- all with this flag set
- KVM_CPUID_FLAG_STATE_READ_NEXT:
- for KVM_CPUID_FLAG_STATEFUL_FUNC entries, set if this entry is
- the first entry to be read by a cpu
- eax, ebx, ecx, edx: the values returned by the cpuid instruction for
- this function/index combination
-
-The TSC deadline timer feature (CPUID leaf 1, ecx[24]) is always returned
-as false, since the feature depends on KVM_CREATE_IRQCHIP for local APIC
-support. Instead it is reported via
-
- ioctl(KVM_CHECK_EXTENSION, KVM_CAP_TSC_DEADLINE_TIMER)
-
-if that returns true and you use KVM_CREATE_IRQCHIP, or if you emulate the
-feature in userspace, then you can enable the feature for KVM_SET_CPUID2.
-
-
-4.47 KVM_PPC_GET_PVINFO
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_PPC_GET_PVINFO
-Architectures: ppc
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_ppc_pvinfo (out)
-Returns: 0 on success, !0 on error
-
-struct kvm_ppc_pvinfo {
- __u32 flags;
- __u32 hcall[4];
- __u8 pad[108];
-};
-
-This ioctl fetches PV specific information that need to be passed to the guest
-using the device tree or other means from vm context.
-
-For now the only implemented piece of information distributed here is an array
-of 4 instructions that make up a hypercall.
-
-If any additional field gets added to this structure later on, a bit for that
-additional piece of information will be set in the flags bitmap.
-
-
-4.48 KVM_ASSIGN_PCI_DEVICE
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_DEVICE_ASSIGNMENT
-Architectures: x86 ia64
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_assigned_pci_dev (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Assigns a host PCI device to the VM.
-
-struct kvm_assigned_pci_dev {
- __u32 assigned_dev_id;
- __u32 busnr;
- __u32 devfn;
- __u32 flags;
- __u32 segnr;
- union {
- __u32 reserved[11];
- };
-};
-
-The PCI device is specified by the triple segnr, busnr, and devfn.
-Identification in succeeding service requests is done via assigned_dev_id. The
-following flags are specified:
-
-/* Depends on KVM_CAP_IOMMU */
-#define KVM_DEV_ASSIGN_ENABLE_IOMMU (1 << 0)
-/* The following two depend on KVM_CAP_PCI_2_3 */
-#define KVM_DEV_ASSIGN_PCI_2_3 (1 << 1)
-#define KVM_DEV_ASSIGN_MASK_INTX (1 << 2)
-
-If KVM_DEV_ASSIGN_PCI_2_3 is set, the kernel will manage legacy INTx interrupts
-via the PCI-2.3-compliant device-level mask, thus enable IRQ sharing with other
-assigned devices or host devices. KVM_DEV_ASSIGN_MASK_INTX specifies the
-guest's view on the INTx mask, see KVM_ASSIGN_SET_INTX_MASK for details.
-
-The KVM_DEV_ASSIGN_ENABLE_IOMMU flag is a mandatory option to ensure
-isolation of the device. Usages not specifying this flag are deprecated.
-
-Only PCI header type 0 devices with PCI BAR resources are supported by
-device assignment. The user requesting this ioctl must have read/write
-access to the PCI sysfs resource files associated with the device.
-
-
-4.49 KVM_DEASSIGN_PCI_DEVICE
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_DEVICE_DEASSIGNMENT
-Architectures: x86 ia64
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_assigned_pci_dev (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Ends PCI device assignment, releasing all associated resources.
-
-See KVM_CAP_DEVICE_ASSIGNMENT for the data structure. Only assigned_dev_id is
-used in kvm_assigned_pci_dev to identify the device.
-
-
-4.50 KVM_ASSIGN_DEV_IRQ
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_ASSIGN_DEV_IRQ
-Architectures: x86 ia64
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_assigned_irq (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Assigns an IRQ to a passed-through device.
-
-struct kvm_assigned_irq {
- __u32 assigned_dev_id;
- __u32 host_irq; /* ignored (legacy field) */
- __u32 guest_irq;
- __u32 flags;
- union {
- __u32 reserved[12];
- };
-};
-
-The following flags are defined:
-
-#define KVM_DEV_IRQ_HOST_INTX (1 << 0)
-#define KVM_DEV_IRQ_HOST_MSI (1 << 1)
-#define KVM_DEV_IRQ_HOST_MSIX (1 << 2)
-
-#define KVM_DEV_IRQ_GUEST_INTX (1 << 8)
-#define KVM_DEV_IRQ_GUEST_MSI (1 << 9)
-#define KVM_DEV_IRQ_GUEST_MSIX (1 << 10)
-
-It is not valid to specify multiple types per host or guest IRQ. However, the
-IRQ type of host and guest can differ or can even be null.
-
-
-4.51 KVM_DEASSIGN_DEV_IRQ
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_ASSIGN_DEV_IRQ
-Architectures: x86 ia64
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_assigned_irq (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Ends an IRQ assignment to a passed-through device.
-
-See KVM_ASSIGN_DEV_IRQ for the data structure. The target device is specified
-by assigned_dev_id, flags must correspond to the IRQ type specified on
-KVM_ASSIGN_DEV_IRQ. Partial deassignment of host or guest IRQ is allowed.
-
-
-4.52 KVM_SET_GSI_ROUTING
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_IRQ_ROUTING
-Architectures: x86 ia64
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_irq_routing (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Sets the GSI routing table entries, overwriting any previously set entries.
-
-struct kvm_irq_routing {
- __u32 nr;
- __u32 flags;
- struct kvm_irq_routing_entry entries[0];
-};
-
-No flags are specified so far, the corresponding field must be set to zero.
-
-struct kvm_irq_routing_entry {
- __u32 gsi;
- __u32 type;
- __u32 flags;
- __u32 pad;
- union {
- struct kvm_irq_routing_irqchip irqchip;
- struct kvm_irq_routing_msi msi;
- __u32 pad[8];
- } u;
-};
-
-/* gsi routing entry types */
-#define KVM_IRQ_ROUTING_IRQCHIP 1
-#define KVM_IRQ_ROUTING_MSI 2
-
-No flags are specified so far, the corresponding field must be set to zero.
-
-struct kvm_irq_routing_irqchip {
- __u32 irqchip;
- __u32 pin;
-};
-
-struct kvm_irq_routing_msi {
- __u32 address_lo;
- __u32 address_hi;
- __u32 data;
- __u32 pad;
-};
-
-
-4.53 KVM_ASSIGN_SET_MSIX_NR
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_DEVICE_MSIX
-Architectures: x86 ia64
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_assigned_msix_nr (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Set the number of MSI-X interrupts for an assigned device. The number is
-reset again by terminating the MSI-X assignment of the device via
-KVM_DEASSIGN_DEV_IRQ. Calling this service more than once at any earlier
-point will fail.
-
-struct kvm_assigned_msix_nr {
- __u32 assigned_dev_id;
- __u16 entry_nr;
- __u16 padding;
-};
-
-#define KVM_MAX_MSIX_PER_DEV 256
-
-
-4.54 KVM_ASSIGN_SET_MSIX_ENTRY
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_DEVICE_MSIX
-Architectures: x86 ia64
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_assigned_msix_entry (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Specifies the routing of an MSI-X assigned device interrupt to a GSI. Setting
-the GSI vector to zero means disabling the interrupt.
-
-struct kvm_assigned_msix_entry {
- __u32 assigned_dev_id;
- __u32 gsi;
- __u16 entry; /* The index of entry in the MSI-X table */
- __u16 padding[3];
-};
-
-
-4.55 KVM_SET_TSC_KHZ
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_TSC_CONTROL
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: virtual tsc_khz
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Specifies the tsc frequency for the virtual machine. The unit of the
-frequency is KHz.
-
-
-4.56 KVM_GET_TSC_KHZ
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_GET_TSC_KHZ
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: none
-Returns: virtual tsc-khz on success, negative value on error
-
-Returns the tsc frequency of the guest. The unit of the return value is
-KHz. If the host has unstable tsc this ioctl returns -EIO instead as an
-error.
-
-
-4.57 KVM_GET_LAPIC
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_IRQCHIP
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_lapic_state (out)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-#define KVM_APIC_REG_SIZE 0x400
-struct kvm_lapic_state {
- char regs[KVM_APIC_REG_SIZE];
-};
-
-Reads the Local APIC registers and copies them into the input argument. The
-data format and layout are the same as documented in the architecture manual.
-
-
-4.58 KVM_SET_LAPIC
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_IRQCHIP
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_lapic_state (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-#define KVM_APIC_REG_SIZE 0x400
-struct kvm_lapic_state {
- char regs[KVM_APIC_REG_SIZE];
-};
-
-Copies the input argument into the the Local APIC registers. The data format
-and layout are the same as documented in the architecture manual.
-
-
-4.59 KVM_IOEVENTFD
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_IOEVENTFD
-Architectures: all
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_ioeventfd (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, !0 on error
-
-This ioctl attaches or detaches an ioeventfd to a legal pio/mmio address
-within the guest. A guest write in the registered address will signal the
-provided event instead of triggering an exit.
-
-struct kvm_ioeventfd {
- __u64 datamatch;
- __u64 addr; /* legal pio/mmio address */
- __u32 len; /* 1, 2, 4, or 8 bytes */
- __s32 fd;
- __u32 flags;
- __u8 pad[36];
-};
-
-The following flags are defined:
-
-#define KVM_IOEVENTFD_FLAG_DATAMATCH (1 << kvm_ioeventfd_flag_nr_datamatch)
-#define KVM_IOEVENTFD_FLAG_PIO (1 << kvm_ioeventfd_flag_nr_pio)
-#define KVM_IOEVENTFD_FLAG_DEASSIGN (1 << kvm_ioeventfd_flag_nr_deassign)
-
-If datamatch flag is set, the event will be signaled only if the written value
-to the registered address is equal to datamatch in struct kvm_ioeventfd.
-
-
-4.60 KVM_DIRTY_TLB
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_SW_TLB
-Architectures: ppc
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_dirty_tlb (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-struct kvm_dirty_tlb {
- __u64 bitmap;
- __u32 num_dirty;
-};
-
-This must be called whenever userspace has changed an entry in the shared
-TLB, prior to calling KVM_RUN on the associated vcpu.
-
-The "bitmap" field is the userspace address of an array. This array
-consists of a number of bits, equal to the total number of TLB entries as
-determined by the last successful call to KVM_CONFIG_TLB, rounded up to the
-nearest multiple of 64.
-
-Each bit corresponds to one TLB entry, ordered the same as in the shared TLB
-array.
-
-The array is little-endian: the bit 0 is the least significant bit of the
-first byte, bit 8 is the least significant bit of the second byte, etc.
-This avoids any complications with differing word sizes.
-
-The "num_dirty" field is a performance hint for KVM to determine whether it
-should skip processing the bitmap and just invalidate everything. It must
-be set to the number of set bits in the bitmap.
-
-
-4.61 KVM_ASSIGN_SET_INTX_MASK
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_PCI_2_3
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_assigned_pci_dev (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Allows userspace to mask PCI INTx interrupts from the assigned device. The
-kernel will not deliver INTx interrupts to the guest between setting and
-clearing of KVM_ASSIGN_SET_INTX_MASK via this interface. This enables use of
-and emulation of PCI 2.3 INTx disable command register behavior.
-
-This may be used for both PCI 2.3 devices supporting INTx disable natively and
-older devices lacking this support. Userspace is responsible for emulating the
-read value of the INTx disable bit in the guest visible PCI command register.
-When modifying the INTx disable state, userspace should precede updating the
-physical device command register by calling this ioctl to inform the kernel of
-the new intended INTx mask state.
-
-Note that the kernel uses the device INTx disable bit to internally manage the
-device interrupt state for PCI 2.3 devices. Reads of this register may
-therefore not match the expected value. Writes should always use the guest
-intended INTx disable value rather than attempting to read-copy-update the
-current physical device state. Races between user and kernel updates to the
-INTx disable bit are handled lazily in the kernel. It's possible the device
-may generate unintended interrupts, but they will not be injected into the
-guest.
-
-See KVM_ASSIGN_DEV_IRQ for the data structure. The target device is specified
-by assigned_dev_id. In the flags field, only KVM_DEV_ASSIGN_MASK_INTX is
-evaluated.
-
-
-4.62 KVM_CREATE_SPAPR_TCE
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_SPAPR_TCE
-Architectures: powerpc
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_create_spapr_tce (in)
-Returns: file descriptor for manipulating the created TCE table
-
-This creates a virtual TCE (translation control entry) table, which
-is an IOMMU for PAPR-style virtual I/O. It is used to translate
-logical addresses used in virtual I/O into guest physical addresses,
-and provides a scatter/gather capability for PAPR virtual I/O.
-
-/* for KVM_CAP_SPAPR_TCE */
-struct kvm_create_spapr_tce {
- __u64 liobn;
- __u32 window_size;
-};
-
-The liobn field gives the logical IO bus number for which to create a
-TCE table. The window_size field specifies the size of the DMA window
-which this TCE table will translate - the table will contain one 64
-bit TCE entry for every 4kiB of the DMA window.
-
-When the guest issues an H_PUT_TCE hcall on a liobn for which a TCE
-table has been created using this ioctl(), the kernel will handle it
-in real mode, updating the TCE table. H_PUT_TCE calls for other
-liobns will cause a vm exit and must be handled by userspace.
-
-The return value is a file descriptor which can be passed to mmap(2)
-to map the created TCE table into userspace. This lets userspace read
-the entries written by kernel-handled H_PUT_TCE calls, and also lets
-userspace update the TCE table directly which is useful in some
-circumstances.
-
-
-4.63 KVM_ALLOCATE_RMA
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_PPC_RMA
-Architectures: powerpc
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_allocate_rma (out)
-Returns: file descriptor for mapping the allocated RMA
-
-This allocates a Real Mode Area (RMA) from the pool allocated at boot
-time by the kernel. An RMA is a physically-contiguous, aligned region
-of memory used on older POWER processors to provide the memory which
-will be accessed by real-mode (MMU off) accesses in a KVM guest.
-POWER processors support a set of sizes for the RMA that usually
-includes 64MB, 128MB, 256MB and some larger powers of two.
-
-/* for KVM_ALLOCATE_RMA */
-struct kvm_allocate_rma {
- __u64 rma_size;
-};
-
-The return value is a file descriptor which can be passed to mmap(2)
-to map the allocated RMA into userspace. The mapped area can then be
-passed to the KVM_SET_USER_MEMORY_REGION ioctl to establish it as the
-RMA for a virtual machine. The size of the RMA in bytes (which is
-fixed at host kernel boot time) is returned in the rma_size field of
-the argument structure.
-
-The KVM_CAP_PPC_RMA capability is 1 or 2 if the KVM_ALLOCATE_RMA ioctl
-is supported; 2 if the processor requires all virtual machines to have
-an RMA, or 1 if the processor can use an RMA but doesn't require it,
-because it supports the Virtual RMA (VRMA) facility.
-
-
-4.64 KVM_NMI
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_USER_NMI
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: none
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Queues an NMI on the thread's vcpu. Note this is well defined only
-when KVM_CREATE_IRQCHIP has not been called, since this is an interface
-between the virtual cpu core and virtual local APIC. After KVM_CREATE_IRQCHIP
-has been called, this interface is completely emulated within the kernel.
-
-To use this to emulate the LINT1 input with KVM_CREATE_IRQCHIP, use the
-following algorithm:
-
- - pause the vpcu
- - read the local APIC's state (KVM_GET_LAPIC)
- - check whether changing LINT1 will queue an NMI (see the LVT entry for LINT1)
- - if so, issue KVM_NMI
- - resume the vcpu
-
-Some guests configure the LINT1 NMI input to cause a panic, aiding in
-debugging.
-
-
-4.65 KVM_S390_UCAS_MAP
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_S390_UCONTROL
-Architectures: s390
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_s390_ucas_mapping (in)
-Returns: 0 in case of success
-
-The parameter is defined like this:
- struct kvm_s390_ucas_mapping {
- __u64 user_addr;
- __u64 vcpu_addr;
- __u64 length;
- };
-
-This ioctl maps the memory at "user_addr" with the length "length" to
-the vcpu's address space starting at "vcpu_addr". All parameters need to
-be alligned by 1 megabyte.
-
-
-4.66 KVM_S390_UCAS_UNMAP
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_S390_UCONTROL
-Architectures: s390
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_s390_ucas_mapping (in)
-Returns: 0 in case of success
-
-The parameter is defined like this:
- struct kvm_s390_ucas_mapping {
- __u64 user_addr;
- __u64 vcpu_addr;
- __u64 length;
- };
-
-This ioctl unmaps the memory in the vcpu's address space starting at
-"vcpu_addr" with the length "length". The field "user_addr" is ignored.
-All parameters need to be alligned by 1 megabyte.
-
-
-4.67 KVM_S390_VCPU_FAULT
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_S390_UCONTROL
-Architectures: s390
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: vcpu absolute address (in)
-Returns: 0 in case of success
-
-This call creates a page table entry on the virtual cpu's address space
-(for user controlled virtual machines) or the virtual machine's address
-space (for regular virtual machines). This only works for minor faults,
-thus it's recommended to access subject memory page via the user page
-table upfront. This is useful to handle validity intercepts for user
-controlled virtual machines to fault in the virtual cpu's lowcore pages
-prior to calling the KVM_RUN ioctl.
-
-
-4.68 KVM_SET_ONE_REG
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_ONE_REG
-Architectures: all
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_one_reg (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, negative value on failure
-
-struct kvm_one_reg {
- __u64 id;
- __u64 addr;
-};
-
-Using this ioctl, a single vcpu register can be set to a specific value
-defined by user space with the passed in struct kvm_one_reg, where id
-refers to the register identifier as described below and addr is a pointer
-to a variable with the respective size. There can be architecture agnostic
-and architecture specific registers. Each have their own range of operation
-and their own constants and width. To keep track of the implemented
-registers, find a list below:
-
- Arch | Register | Width (bits)
- | |
- PPC | KVM_REG_PPC_HIOR | 64
-
-
-4.69 KVM_GET_ONE_REG
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_ONE_REG
-Architectures: all
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_one_reg (in and out)
-Returns: 0 on success, negative value on failure
-
-This ioctl allows to receive the value of a single register implemented
-in a vcpu. The register to read is indicated by the "id" field of the
-kvm_one_reg struct passed in. On success, the register value can be found
-at the memory location pointed to by "addr".
-
-The list of registers accessible using this interface is identical to the
-list in 4.64.
-
-
-4.70 KVM_KVMCLOCK_CTRL
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_KVMCLOCK_CTRL
-Architectures: Any that implement pvclocks (currently x86 only)
-Type: vcpu ioctl
-Parameters: None
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-This signals to the host kernel that the specified guest is being paused by
-userspace. The host will set a flag in the pvclock structure that is checked
-from the soft lockup watchdog. The flag is part of the pvclock structure that
-is shared between guest and host, specifically the second bit of the flags
-field of the pvclock_vcpu_time_info structure. It will be set exclusively by
-the host and read/cleared exclusively by the guest. The guest operation of
-checking and clearing the flag must an atomic operation so
-load-link/store-conditional, or equivalent must be used. There are two cases
-where the guest will clear the flag: when the soft lockup watchdog timer resets
-itself or when a soft lockup is detected. This ioctl can be called any time
-after pausing the vcpu, but before it is resumed.
-
-
-4.71 KVM_SIGNAL_MSI
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_SIGNAL_MSI
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_msi (in)
-Returns: >0 on delivery, 0 if guest blocked the MSI, and -1 on error
-
-Directly inject a MSI message. Only valid with in-kernel irqchip that handles
-MSI messages.
-
-struct kvm_msi {
- __u32 address_lo;
- __u32 address_hi;
- __u32 data;
- __u32 flags;
- __u8 pad[16];
-};
-
-No flags are defined so far. The corresponding field must be 0.
-
-
-4.71 KVM_CREATE_PIT2
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_PIT2
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_pit_config (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Creates an in-kernel device model for the i8254 PIT. This call is only valid
-after enabling in-kernel irqchip support via KVM_CREATE_IRQCHIP. The following
-parameters have to be passed:
-
-struct kvm_pit_config {
- __u32 flags;
- __u32 pad[15];
-};
-
-Valid flags are:
-
-#define KVM_PIT_SPEAKER_DUMMY 1 /* emulate speaker port stub */
-
-PIT timer interrupts may use a per-VM kernel thread for injection. If it
-exists, this thread will have a name of the following pattern:
-
-kvm-pit/<owner-process-pid>
-
-When running a guest with elevated priorities, the scheduling parameters of
-this thread may have to be adjusted accordingly.
-
-This IOCTL replaces the obsolete KVM_CREATE_PIT.
-
-
-4.72 KVM_GET_PIT2
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_PIT_STATE2
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_pit_state2 (out)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Retrieves the state of the in-kernel PIT model. Only valid after
-KVM_CREATE_PIT2. The state is returned in the following structure:
-
-struct kvm_pit_state2 {
- struct kvm_pit_channel_state channels[3];
- __u32 flags;
- __u32 reserved[9];
-};
-
-Valid flags are:
-
-/* disable PIT in HPET legacy mode */
-#define KVM_PIT_FLAGS_HPET_LEGACY 0x00000001
-
-This IOCTL replaces the obsolete KVM_GET_PIT.
-
-
-4.73 KVM_SET_PIT2
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_PIT_STATE2
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_pit_state2 (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Sets the state of the in-kernel PIT model. Only valid after KVM_CREATE_PIT2.
-See KVM_GET_PIT2 for details on struct kvm_pit_state2.
-
-This IOCTL replaces the obsolete KVM_SET_PIT.
-
-
-4.74 KVM_PPC_GET_SMMU_INFO
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_PPC_GET_SMMU_INFO
-Architectures: powerpc
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: None
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-This populates and returns a structure describing the features of
-the "Server" class MMU emulation supported by KVM.
-This can in turn be used by userspace to generate the appropariate
-device-tree properties for the guest operating system.
-
-The structure contains some global informations, followed by an
-array of supported segment page sizes:
-
- struct kvm_ppc_smmu_info {
- __u64 flags;
- __u32 slb_size;
- __u32 pad;
- struct kvm_ppc_one_seg_page_size sps[KVM_PPC_PAGE_SIZES_MAX_SZ];
- };
-
-The supported flags are:
-
- - KVM_PPC_PAGE_SIZES_REAL:
- When that flag is set, guest page sizes must "fit" the backing
- store page sizes. When not set, any page size in the list can
- be used regardless of how they are backed by userspace.
-
- - KVM_PPC_1T_SEGMENTS
- The emulated MMU supports 1T segments in addition to the
- standard 256M ones.
-
-The "slb_size" field indicates how many SLB entries are supported
-
-The "sps" array contains 8 entries indicating the supported base
-page sizes for a segment in increasing order. Each entry is defined
-as follow:
-
- struct kvm_ppc_one_seg_page_size {
- __u32 page_shift; /* Base page shift of segment (or 0) */
- __u32 slb_enc; /* SLB encoding for BookS */
- struct kvm_ppc_one_page_size enc[KVM_PPC_PAGE_SIZES_MAX_SZ];
- };
-
-An entry with a "page_shift" of 0 is unused. Because the array is
-organized in increasing order, a lookup can stop when encoutering
-such an entry.
-
-The "slb_enc" field provides the encoding to use in the SLB for the
-page size. The bits are in positions such as the value can directly
-be OR'ed into the "vsid" argument of the slbmte instruction.
-
-The "enc" array is a list which for each of those segment base page
-size provides the list of supported actual page sizes (which can be
-only larger or equal to the base page size), along with the
-corresponding encoding in the hash PTE. Similarily, the array is
-8 entries sorted by increasing sizes and an entry with a "0" shift
-is an empty entry and a terminator:
-
- struct kvm_ppc_one_page_size {
- __u32 page_shift; /* Page shift (or 0) */
- __u32 pte_enc; /* Encoding in the HPTE (>>12) */
- };
-
-The "pte_enc" field provides a value that can OR'ed into the hash
-PTE's RPN field (ie, it needs to be shifted left by 12 to OR it
-into the hash PTE second double word).
-
-4.75 KVM_IRQFD
-
-Capability: KVM_CAP_IRQFD
-Architectures: x86
-Type: vm ioctl
-Parameters: struct kvm_irqfd (in)
-Returns: 0 on success, -1 on error
-
-Allows setting an eventfd to directly trigger a guest interrupt.
-kvm_irqfd.fd specifies the file descriptor to use as the eventfd and
-kvm_irqfd.gsi specifies the irqchip pin toggled by this event. When
-an event is tiggered on the eventfd, an interrupt is injected into
-the guest using the specified gsi pin. The irqfd is removed using
-the KVM_IRQFD_FLAG_DEASSIGN flag, specifying both kvm_irqfd.fd
-and kvm_irqfd.gsi.
-
-
-5. The kvm_run structure
-------------------------
-
-Application code obtains a pointer to the kvm_run structure by
-mmap()ing a vcpu fd. From that point, application code can control
-execution by changing fields in kvm_run prior to calling the KVM_RUN
-ioctl, and obtain information about the reason KVM_RUN returned by
-looking up structure members.
-
-struct kvm_run {
- /* in */
- __u8 request_interrupt_window;
-
-Request that KVM_RUN return when it becomes possible to inject external
-interrupts into the guest. Useful in conjunction with KVM_INTERRUPT.
-
- __u8 padding1[7];
-
- /* out */
- __u32 exit_reason;
-
-When KVM_RUN has returned successfully (return value 0), this informs
-application code why KVM_RUN has returned. Allowable values for this
-field are detailed below.
-
- __u8 ready_for_interrupt_injection;
-
-If request_interrupt_window has been specified, this field indicates
-an interrupt can be injected now with KVM_INTERRUPT.
-
- __u8 if_flag;
-
-The value of the current interrupt flag. Only valid if in-kernel
-local APIC is not used.
-
- __u8 padding2[2];
-
- /* in (pre_kvm_run), out (post_kvm_run) */
- __u64 cr8;
-
-The value of the cr8 register. Only valid if in-kernel local APIC is
-not used. Both input and output.
-
- __u64 apic_base;
-
-The value of the APIC BASE msr. Only valid if in-kernel local
-APIC is not used. Both input and output.
-
- union {
- /* KVM_EXIT_UNKNOWN */
- struct {
- __u64 hardware_exit_reason;
- } hw;
-
-If exit_reason is KVM_EXIT_UNKNOWN, the vcpu has exited due to unknown
-reasons. Further architecture-specific information is available in
-hardware_exit_reason.
-
- /* KVM_EXIT_FAIL_ENTRY */
- struct {
- __u64 hardware_entry_failure_reason;
- } fail_entry;
-
-If exit_reason is KVM_EXIT_FAIL_ENTRY, the vcpu could not be run due
-to unknown reasons. Further architecture-specific information is
-available in hardware_entry_failure_reason.
-
- /* KVM_EXIT_EXCEPTION */
- struct {
- __u32 exception;
- __u32 error_code;
- } ex;
-
-Unused.
-
- /* KVM_EXIT_IO */
- struct {
-#define KVM_EXIT_IO_IN 0
-#define KVM_EXIT_IO_OUT 1
- __u8 direction;
- __u8 size; /* bytes */
- __u16 port;
- __u32 count;
- __u64 data_offset; /* relative to kvm_run start */
- } io;
-
-If exit_reason is KVM_EXIT_IO, then the vcpu has
-executed a port I/O instruction which could not be satisfied by kvm.
-data_offset describes where the data is located (KVM_EXIT_IO_OUT) or
-where kvm expects application code to place the data for the next
-KVM_RUN invocation (KVM_EXIT_IO_IN). Data format is a packed array.
-
- struct {
- struct kvm_debug_exit_arch arch;
- } debug;
-
-Unused.
-
- /* KVM_EXIT_MMIO */
- struct {
- __u64 phys_addr;
- __u8 data[8];
- __u32 len;
- __u8 is_write;
- } mmio;
-
-If exit_reason is KVM_EXIT_MMIO, then the vcpu has
-executed a memory-mapped I/O instruction which could not be satisfied
-by kvm. The 'data' member contains the written data if 'is_write' is
-true, and should be filled by application code otherwise.
-
-NOTE: For KVM_EXIT_IO, KVM_EXIT_MMIO and KVM_EXIT_OSI, the corresponding
-operations are complete (and guest state is consistent) only after userspace
-has re-entered the kernel with KVM_RUN. The kernel side will first finish
-incomplete operations and then check for pending signals. Userspace
-can re-enter the guest with an unmasked signal pending to complete
-pending operations.
-
- /* KVM_EXIT_HYPERCALL */
- struct {
- __u64 nr;
- __u64 args[6];
- __u64 ret;
- __u32 longmode;
- __u32 pad;
- } hypercall;
-
-Unused. This was once used for 'hypercall to userspace'. To implement
-such functionality, use KVM_EXIT_IO (x86) or KVM_EXIT_MMIO (all except s390).
-Note KVM_EXIT_IO is significantly faster than KVM_EXIT_MMIO.
-
- /* KVM_EXIT_TPR_ACCESS */
- struct {
- __u64 rip;
- __u32 is_write;
- __u32 pad;
- } tpr_access;
-
-To be documented (KVM_TPR_ACCESS_REPORTING).
-
- /* KVM_EXIT_S390_SIEIC */
- struct {
- __u8 icptcode;
- __u64 mask; /* psw upper half */
- __u64 addr; /* psw lower half */
- __u16 ipa;
- __u32 ipb;
- } s390_sieic;
-
-s390 specific.
-
- /* KVM_EXIT_S390_RESET */
-#define KVM_S390_RESET_POR 1
-#define KVM_S390_RESET_CLEAR 2
-#define KVM_S390_RESET_SUBSYSTEM 4
-#define KVM_S390_RESET_CPU_INIT 8
-#define KVM_S390_RESET_IPL 16
- __u64 s390_reset_flags;
-
-s390 specific.
-
- /* KVM_EXIT_S390_UCONTROL */
- struct {
- __u64 trans_exc_code;
- __u32 pgm_code;
- } s390_ucontrol;
-
-s390 specific. A page fault has occurred for a user controlled virtual
-machine (KVM_VM_S390_UNCONTROL) on it's host page table that cannot be
-resolved by the kernel.
-The program code and the translation exception code that were placed
-in the cpu's lowcore are presented here as defined by the z Architecture
-Principles of Operation Book in the Chapter for Dynamic Address Translation
-(DAT)
-
- /* KVM_EXIT_DCR */
- struct {
- __u32 dcrn;
- __u32 data;
- __u8 is_write;
- } dcr;
-
-powerpc specific.
-
- /* KVM_EXIT_OSI */
- struct {
- __u64 gprs[32];
- } osi;
-
-MOL uses a special hypercall interface it calls 'OSI'. To enable it, we catch
-hypercalls and exit with this exit struct that contains all the guest gprs.
-
-If exit_reason is KVM_EXIT_OSI, then the vcpu has triggered such a hypercall.
-Userspace can now handle the hypercall and when it's done modify the gprs as
-necessary. Upon guest entry all guest GPRs will then be replaced by the values
-in this struct.
-
- /* KVM_EXIT_PAPR_HCALL */
- struct {
- __u64 nr;
- __u64 ret;
- __u64 args[9];
- } papr_hcall;
-
-This is used on 64-bit PowerPC when emulating a pSeries partition,
-e.g. with the 'pseries' machine type in qemu. It occurs when the
-guest does a hypercall using the 'sc 1' instruction. The 'nr' field
-contains the hypercall number (from the guest R3), and 'args' contains
-the arguments (from the guest R4 - R12). Userspace should put the
-return code in 'ret' and any extra returned values in args[].
-The possible hypercalls are defined in the Power Architecture Platform
-Requirements (PAPR) document available from www.power.org (free
-developer registration required to access it).
-
- /* Fix the size of the union. */
- char padding[256];
- };
-
- /*
- * shared registers between kvm and userspace.
- * kvm_valid_regs specifies the register classes set by the host
- * kvm_dirty_regs specified the register classes dirtied by userspace
- * struct kvm_sync_regs is architecture specific, as well as the
- * bits for kvm_valid_regs and kvm_dirty_regs
- */
- __u64 kvm_valid_regs;
- __u64 kvm_dirty_regs;
- union {
- struct kvm_sync_regs regs;
- char padding[1024];
- } s;
-
-If KVM_CAP_SYNC_REGS is defined, these fields allow userspace to access
-certain guest registers without having to call SET/GET_*REGS. Thus we can
-avoid some system call overhead if userspace has to handle the exit.
-Userspace can query the validity of the structure by checking
-kvm_valid_regs for specific bits. These bits are architecture specific
-and usually define the validity of a groups of registers. (e.g. one bit
- for general purpose registers)
-
-};
-
-
-6. Capabilities that can be enabled
------------------------------------
-
-There are certain capabilities that change the behavior of the virtual CPU when
-enabled. To enable them, please see section 4.37. Below you can find a list of
-capabilities and what their effect on the vCPU is when enabling them.
-
-The following information is provided along with the description:
-
- Architectures: which instruction set architectures provide this ioctl.
- x86 includes both i386 and x86_64.
-
- Parameters: what parameters are accepted by the capability.
-
- Returns: the return value. General error numbers (EBADF, ENOMEM, EINVAL)
- are not detailed, but errors with specific meanings are.
-
-
-6.1 KVM_CAP_PPC_OSI
-
-Architectures: ppc
-Parameters: none
-Returns: 0 on success; -1 on error
-
-This capability enables interception of OSI hypercalls that otherwise would
-be treated as normal system calls to be injected into the guest. OSI hypercalls
-were invented by Mac-on-Linux to have a standardized communication mechanism
-between the guest and the host.
-
-When this capability is enabled, KVM_EXIT_OSI can occur.
-
-
-6.2 KVM_CAP_PPC_PAPR
-
-Architectures: ppc
-Parameters: none
-Returns: 0 on success; -1 on error
-
-This capability enables interception of PAPR hypercalls. PAPR hypercalls are
-done using the hypercall instruction "sc 1".
-
-It also sets the guest privilege level to "supervisor" mode. Usually the guest
-runs in "hypervisor" privilege mode with a few missing features.
-
-In addition to the above, it changes the semantics of SDR1. In this mode, the
-HTAB address part of SDR1 contains an HVA instead of a GPA, as PAPR keeps the
-HTAB invisible to the guest.
-
-When this capability is enabled, KVM_EXIT_PAPR_HCALL can occur.
-
-
-6.3 KVM_CAP_SW_TLB
-
-Architectures: ppc
-Parameters: args[0] is the address of a struct kvm_config_tlb
-Returns: 0 on success; -1 on error
-
-struct kvm_config_tlb {
- __u64 params;
- __u64 array;
- __u32 mmu_type;
- __u32 array_len;
-};
-
-Configures the virtual CPU's TLB array, establishing a shared memory area
-between userspace and KVM. The "params" and "array" fields are userspace
-addresses of mmu-type-specific data structures. The "array_len" field is an
-safety mechanism, and should be set to the size in bytes of the memory that
-userspace has reserved for the array. It must be at least the size dictated
-by "mmu_type" and "params".
-
-While KVM_RUN is active, the shared region is under control of KVM. Its
-contents are undefined, and any modification by userspace results in
-boundedly undefined behavior.
-
-On return from KVM_RUN, the shared region will reflect the current state of
-the guest's TLB. If userspace makes any changes, it must call KVM_DIRTY_TLB
-to tell KVM which entries have been changed, prior to calling KVM_RUN again
-on this vcpu.
-
-For mmu types KVM_MMU_FSL_BOOKE_NOHV and KVM_MMU_FSL_BOOKE_HV:
- - The "params" field is of type "struct kvm_book3e_206_tlb_params".
- - The "array" field points to an array of type "struct
- kvm_book3e_206_tlb_entry".
- - The array consists of all entries in the first TLB, followed by all
- entries in the second TLB.
- - Within a TLB, entries are ordered first by increasing set number. Within a
- set, entries are ordered by way (increasing ESEL).
- - The hash for determining set number in TLB0 is: (MAS2 >> 12) & (num_sets - 1)
- where "num_sets" is the tlb_sizes[] value divided by the tlb_ways[] value.
- - The tsize field of mas1 shall be set to 4K on TLB0, even though the
- hardware ignores this value for TLB0.