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-
- ZC0301 and ZC0301P Image Processor and Control Chip
- Driver for Linux
- ===================================================
-
- - Documentation -
-
-
-Index
-=====
-1. Copyright
-2. Disclaimer
-3. License
-4. Overview and features
-5. Module dependencies
-6. Module loading
-7. Module parameters
-8. Supported devices
-9. Notes for V4L2 application developers
-10. Contact information
-11. Credits
-
-
-1. Copyright
-============
-Copyright (C) 2006-2007 by Luca Risolia <luca.risolia@studio.unibo.it>
-
-
-2. Disclaimer
-=============
-This software is not developed or sponsored by Z-Star Microelectronics Corp.
-Trademarks are property of their respective owner.
-
-
-3. License
-==========
-This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
-it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
-the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
-(at your option) any later version.
-
-This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
-but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
-MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
-GNU General Public License for more details.
-
-You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
-along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
-Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
-
-
-4. Overview and features
-========================
-This driver supports the video interface of the devices mounting the ZC0301 or
-ZC0301P Image Processors and Control Chips.
-
-The driver relies on the Video4Linux2 and USB core modules. It has been
-designed to run properly on SMP systems as well.
-
-The latest version of the ZC0301[P] driver can be found at the following URL:
-http://www.linux-projects.org/
-
-Some of the features of the driver are:
-
-- full compliance with the Video4Linux2 API (see also "Notes for V4L2
- application developers" paragraph);
-- available mmap or read/poll methods for video streaming through isochronous
- data transfers;
-- automatic detection of image sensor;
-- video format is standard JPEG;
-- dynamic driver control thanks to various module parameters (see "Module
- parameters" paragraph);
-- up to 64 cameras can be handled at the same time; they can be connected and
- disconnected from the host many times without turning off the computer, if
- the system supports hotplugging;
-
-
-5. Module dependencies
-======================
-For it to work properly, the driver needs kernel support for Video4Linux and
-USB.
-
-The following options of the kernel configuration file must be enabled and
-corresponding modules must be compiled:
-
- # Multimedia devices
- #
- CONFIG_VIDEO_DEV=m
-
- # USB support
- #
- CONFIG_USB=m
-
-In addition, depending on the hardware being used, the modules below are
-necessary:
-
- # USB Host Controller Drivers
- #
- CONFIG_USB_EHCI_HCD=m
- CONFIG_USB_UHCI_HCD=m
- CONFIG_USB_OHCI_HCD=m
-
-The ZC0301 controller also provides a built-in microphone interface. It is
-supported by the USB Audio driver thanks to the ALSA API:
-
- # Sound
- #
- CONFIG_SOUND=y
-
- # Advanced Linux Sound Architecture
- #
- CONFIG_SND=m
-
- # USB devices
- #
- CONFIG_SND_USB_AUDIO=m
-
-And finally:
-
- # V4L USB devices
- #
- CONFIG_USB_ZC0301=m
-
-
-6. Module loading
-=================
-To use the driver, it is necessary to load the "zc0301" module into memory
-after every other module required: "videodev", "v4l2_common", "compat_ioctl32",
-"usbcore" and, depending on the USB host controller you have, "ehci-hcd",
-"uhci-hcd" or "ohci-hcd".
-
-Loading can be done as shown below:
-
- [root@localhost home]# modprobe zc0301
-
-At this point the devices should be recognized. You can invoke "dmesg" to
-analyze kernel messages and verify that the loading process has gone well:
-
- [user@localhost home]$ dmesg
-
-
-7. Module parameters
-====================
-Module parameters are listed below:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-Name: video_nr
-Type: short array (min = 0, max = 64)
-Syntax: <-1|n[,...]>
-Description: Specify V4L2 minor mode number:
- -1 = use next available
- n = use minor number n
- You can specify up to 64 cameras this way.
- For example:
- video_nr=-1,2,-1 would assign minor number 2 to the second
- registered camera and use auto for the first one and for every
- other camera.
-Default: -1
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-Name: force_munmap
-Type: bool array (min = 0, max = 64)
-Syntax: <0|1[,...]>
-Description: Force the application to unmap previously mapped buffer memory
- before calling any VIDIOC_S_CROP or VIDIOC_S_FMT ioctl's. Not
- all the applications support this feature. This parameter is
- specific for each detected camera.
- 0 = do not force memory unmapping
- 1 = force memory unmapping (save memory)
-Default: 0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-Name: frame_timeout
-Type: uint array (min = 0, max = 64)
-Syntax: <n[,...]>
-Description: Timeout for a video frame in seconds. This parameter is
- specific for each detected camera. This parameter can be
- changed at runtime thanks to the /sys filesystem interface.
-Default: 2
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-Name: debug
-Type: ushort
-Syntax: <n>
-Description: Debugging information level, from 0 to 3:
- 0 = none (use carefully)
- 1 = critical errors
- 2 = significant information
- 3 = more verbose messages
- Level 3 is useful for testing only, when only one device
- is used at the same time. It also shows some information
- about the hardware being detected. This module parameter can be
- changed at runtime thanks to the /sys filesystem interface.
-Default: 2
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-
-
-8. Supported devices
-====================
-None of the names of the companies as well as their products will be mentioned
-here. They have never collaborated with the author, so no advertising.
-
-From the point of view of a driver, what unambiguously identify a device are
-its vendor and product USB identifiers. Below is a list of known identifiers of
-devices mounting the ZC0301 Image Processor and Control Chips:
-
-Vendor ID Product ID
---------- ----------
-0x041e 0x4017
-0x041e 0x401c
-0x041e 0x401e
-0x041e 0x401f
-0x041e 0x4022
-0x041e 0x4034
-0x041e 0x4035
-0x041e 0x4036
-0x041e 0x403a
-0x0458 0x7007
-0x0458 0x700c
-0x0458 0x700f
-0x046d 0x08ae
-0x055f 0xd003
-0x055f 0xd004
-0x0ac8 0x0301
-0x0ac8 0x301b
-0x0ac8 0x303b
-0x10fd 0x0128
-0x10fd 0x8050
-0x10fd 0x804e
-
-The list above does not imply that all those devices work with this driver: up
-until now only the ones that mount the following image sensors are supported;
-kernel messages will always tell you whether this is the case:
-
-Model Manufacturer
------ ------------
-PAS202BCB PixArt Imaging, Inc.
-PB-0330 Photobit Corporation
-
-
-9. Notes for V4L2 application developers
-========================================
-This driver follows the V4L2 API specifications. In particular, it enforces two
-rules:
-
-- exactly one I/O method, either "mmap" or "read", is associated with each
-file descriptor. Once it is selected, the application must close and reopen the
-device to switch to the other I/O method;
-
-- although it is not mandatory, previously mapped buffer memory should always
-be unmapped before calling any "VIDIOC_S_CROP" or "VIDIOC_S_FMT" ioctl's.
-The same number of buffers as before will be allocated again to match the size
-of the new video frames, so you have to map the buffers again before any I/O
-attempts on them.
-
-
-10. Contact information
-=======================
-The author may be contacted by e-mail at <luca.risolia@studio.unibo.it>.
-
-GPG/PGP encrypted e-mail's are accepted. The GPG key ID of the author is
-'FCE635A4'; the public 1024-bit key should be available at any keyserver;
-the fingerprint is: '88E8 F32F 7244 68BA 3958 5D40 99DA 5D2A FCE6 35A4'.
-
-
-11. Credits
-===========
-- Information about the chip internals needed to enable the I2C protocol have
- been taken from the documentation of the ZC030x Video4Linux1 driver written
- by Andrew Birkett <andy@nobugs.org>;
-- The initialization values of the ZC0301 controller connected to the PAS202BCB
- and PB-0330 image sensors have been taken from the SPCA5XX driver maintained
- by Michel Xhaard <mxhaard@magic.fr>;
-- Stanislav Lechev donated one camera.