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-NOTES ON RADIOTRACK CARD CONTROL
-by Stephen M. Benoit (benoits@servicepro.com) Dec 14, 1996
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-
-Document version 1.0
-
-ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
-----------------
-This document was made based on 'C' code for Linux from Gideon le Grange
-(legrang@active.co.za or legrang@cs.sun.ac.za) in 1994, and elaborations from
-Frans Brinkman (brinkman@esd.nl) in 1996. The results reported here are from
-experiments that the author performed on his own setup, so your mileage may
-vary... I make no guarantees, claims or warranties to the suitability or
-validity of this information. No other documentation on the AIMS
-Lab (http://www.aimslab.com/) RadioTrack card was made available to the
-author. This document is offered in the hopes that it might help users who
-want to use the RadioTrack card in an environment other than MS Windows.
-
-WHY THIS DOCUMENT?
-------------------
-I have a RadioTrack card from back when I ran an MS-Windows platform. After
-converting to Linux, I found Gideon le Grange's command-line software for
-running the card, and found that it was good! Frans Brinkman made a
-comfortable X-windows interface, and added a scanning feature. For hack
-value, I wanted to see if the tuner could be tuned beyond the usual FM radio
-broadcast band, so I could pick up the audio carriers from North American
-broadcast TV channels, situated just below and above the 87.0-109.0 MHz range.
-I did not get much success, but I learned about programming ioports under
-Linux and gained some insights about the hardware design used for the card.
-
-So, without further delay, here are the details.
-
-
-PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION
---------------------
-The RadioTrack card is an ISA 8-bit FM radio card. The radio frequency (RF)
-input is simply an antenna lead, and the output is a power audio signal
-available through a miniature phone plug. Its RF frequencies of operation are
-more or less limited from 87.0 to 109.0 MHz (the commercial FM broadcast
-band). Although the registers can be programmed to request frequencies beyond
-these limits, experiments did not give promising results. The variable
-frequency oscillator (VFO) that demodulates the intermediate frequency (IF)
-signal probably has a small range of useful frequencies, and wraps around or
-gets clipped beyond the limits mentioned above.
-
-
-CONTROLLING THE CARD WITH IOPORT
---------------------------------
-The RadioTrack (base) ioport is configurable for 0x30c or 0x20c. Only one
-ioport seems to be involved. The ioport decoding circuitry must be pretty
-simple, as individual ioport bits are directly matched to specific functions
-(or blocks) of the radio card. This way, many functions can be changed in
-parallel with one write to the ioport. The only feedback available through
-the ioports appears to be the "Stereo Detect" bit.
-
-The bits of the ioport are arranged as follows:
-
- MSb LSb
-+------+------+------+--------+--------+-------+---------+--------+
-| VolA | VolB | ???? | Stereo | Radio | TuneA | TuneB | Tune |
-| (+) | (-) | | Detect | Audio | (bit) | (latch) | Update |
-| | | | Enable | Enable | | | Enable |
-+------+------+------+--------+--------+-------+---------+--------+
-
-
-VolA . VolB [AB......]
------------
-0 0 : audio mute
-0 1 : volume + (some delay required)
-1 0 : volume - (some delay required)
-1 1 : stay at present volume
-
-Stereo Detect Enable [...S....]
---------------------
-0 : No Detect
-1 : Detect
-
- Results available by reading ioport >60 msec after last port write.
- 0xff ==> no stereo detected, 0xfd ==> stereo detected.
-
-Radio to Audio (path) Enable [....R...]
-----------------------------
-0 : Disable path (silence)
-1 : Enable path (audio produced)
-
-TuneA . TuneB [.....AB.]
--------------
-0 0 : "zero" bit phase 1
-0 1 : "zero" bit phase 2
-
-1 0 : "one" bit phase 1
-1 1 : "one" bit phase 2
-
- 24-bit code, where bits = (freq*40) + 10486188.
- The Most Significant 11 bits must be 1010 xxxx 0x0 to be valid.
- The bits are shifted in LSb first.
-
-Tune Update Enable [.......T]
-------------------
-0 : Tuner held constant
-1 : Tuner updating in progress
-
-
-PROGRAMMING EXAMPLES
---------------------
-Default: BASE <-- 0xc8 (current volume, no stereo detect,
- radio enable, tuner adjust disable)
-
-Card Off: BASE <-- 0x00 (audio mute, no stereo detect,
- radio disable, tuner adjust disable)
-
-Card On: BASE <-- 0x00 (see "Card Off", clears any unfinished business)
- BASE <-- 0xc8 (see "Default")
-
-Volume Down: BASE <-- 0x48 (volume down, no stereo detect,
- radio enable, tuner adjust disable)
- * wait 10 msec *
- BASE <-- 0xc8 (see "Default")
-
-Volume Up: BASE <-- 0x88 (volume up, no stereo detect,
- radio enable, tuner adjust disable)
- * wait 10 msec *
- BASE <-- 0xc8 (see "Default")
-
-Check Stereo: BASE <-- 0xd8 (current volume, stereo detect,
- radio enable, tuner adjust disable)
- * wait 100 msec *
- x <-- BASE (read ioport)
- BASE <-- 0xc8 (see "Default")
-
- x=0xff ==> "not stereo", x=0xfd ==> "stereo detected"
-
-Set Frequency: code = (freq*40) + 10486188
- foreach of the 24 bits in code,
- (from Least to Most Significant):
- to write a "zero" bit,
- BASE <-- 0x01 (audio mute, no stereo detect, radio
- disable, "zero" bit phase 1, tuner adjust)
- BASE <-- 0x03 (audio mute, no stereo detect, radio
- disable, "zero" bit phase 2, tuner adjust)
- to write a "one" bit,
- BASE <-- 0x05 (audio mute, no stereo detect, radio
- disable, "one" bit phase 1, tuner adjust)
- BASE <-- 0x07 (audio mute, no stereo detect, radio
- disable, "one" bit phase 2, tuner adjust)
-
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