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--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-Readme for Linux device driver for the OmniVision OV511 USB to camera bridge IC
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-
-Author: Mark McClelland
-Homepage: http://alpha.dyndns.org/ov511
-
-INTRODUCTION:
-
-This is a driver for the OV511, a USB-only chip used in many "webcam" devices.
-Any camera using the OV511/OV511+ and the OV6620/OV7610/20/20AE should work.
-Video capture devices that use the Philips SAA7111A decoder also work. It
-supports streaming and capture of color or monochrome video via the Video4Linux
-API. Most V4L apps are compatible with it. Most resolutions with a width and
-height that are a multiple of 8 are supported.
-
-If you need more information, please visit the OV511 homepage at the above URL.
-
-WHAT YOU NEED:
-
-- If you want to help with the development, get the chip's specification docs at
- http://www.ovt.com/omniusbp.html
-
-- A Video4Linux compatible frame grabber program (I recommend vidcat and xawtv)
- vidcat is part of the w3cam package: http://mpx.freeshell.net/
- xawtv is available at: http://linux.bytesex.org/xawtv/
-
-HOW TO USE IT:
-
-Note: These are simplified instructions. For complete instructions see:
- http://alpha.dyndns.org/ov511/install.html
-
-You must have first compiled USB support, support for your specific USB host
-controller (UHCI or OHCI), and Video4Linux support for your kernel (I recommend
-making them modules.) Make sure "Enforce bandwidth allocation" is NOT enabled.
-
-Next, (as root):
-
- modprobe usbcore
- modprobe usb-uhci <OR> modprobe usb-ohci
- modprobe videodev
- modprobe ov511
-
-If it is not already there (it usually is), create the video device:
-
- mknod /dev/video0 c 81 0
-
-Optionally, symlink /dev/video to /dev/video0
-
-You will have to set permissions on this device to allow you to read/write
-from it:
-
- chmod 666 /dev/video
- chmod 666 /dev/video0 (if necessary)
-
-Now you are ready to run a video app! Both vidcat and xawtv work well for me
-at 640x480.
-
-[Using vidcat:]
-
- vidcat -s 640x480 -p c > test.jpg
- xview test.jpg
-
-[Using xawtv:]
-
-From the main xawtv directory:
-
- make clean
- ./configure
- make
- make install
-
-Now you should be able to run xawtv. Right click for the options dialog.
-
-MODULE PARAMETERS:
-
- You can set these with: insmod ov511 NAME=VALUE
- There is currently no way to set these on a per-camera basis.
-
- NAME: autobright
- TYPE: integer (Boolean)
- DEFAULT: 1
- DESC: Brightness is normally under automatic control and can't be set
- manually by the video app. Set to 0 for manual control.
-
- NAME: autogain
- TYPE: integer (Boolean)
- DEFAULT: 1
- DESC: Auto Gain Control enable. This feature is not yet implemented.
-
- NAME: autoexp
- TYPE: integer (Boolean)
- DEFAULT: 1
- DESC: Auto Exposure Control enable. This feature is not yet implemented.
-
- NAME: debug
- TYPE: integer (0-6)
- DEFAULT: 3
- DESC: Sets the threshold for printing debug messages. The higher the value,
- the more is printed. The levels are cumulative, and are as follows:
- 0=no debug messages
- 1=init/detection/unload and other significant messages
- 2=some warning messages
- 3=config/control function calls
- 4=most function calls and data parsing messages
- 5=highly repetitive mesgs
-
- NAME: snapshot
- TYPE: integer (Boolean)
- DEFAULT: 0
- DESC: Set to 1 to enable snapshot mode. read()/VIDIOCSYNC will block until
- the snapshot button is pressed. Note: enabling this mode disables
- /proc/video/ov511/<minor#>/button
-
- NAME: cams
- TYPE: integer (1-4 for OV511, 1-31 for OV511+)
- DEFAULT: 1
- DESC: Number of cameras allowed to stream simultaneously on a single bus.
- Values higher than 1 reduce the data rate of each camera, allowing two
- or more to be used at once. If you have a complicated setup involving
- both OV511 and OV511+ cameras, trial-and-error may be necessary for
- finding the optimum setting.
-
- NAME: compress
- TYPE: integer (Boolean)
- DEFAULT: 0
- DESC: Set this to 1 to turn on the camera's compression engine. This can
- potentially increase the frame rate at the expense of quality, if you
- have a fast CPU. You must load the proper compression module for your
- camera before starting your application (ov511_decomp or ov518_decomp).
-
- NAME: testpat
- TYPE: integer (Boolean)
- DEFAULT: 0
- DESC: This configures the camera's sensor to transmit a colored test-pattern
- instead of an image. This does not work correctly yet.
-
- NAME: dumppix
- TYPE: integer (0-2)
- DEFAULT: 0
- DESC: Dumps raw pixel data and skips post-processing and format conversion.
- It is for debugging purposes only. Options are:
- 0: Disable (default)
- 1: Dump raw data from camera, excluding headers and trailers
- 2: Dumps data exactly as received from camera
-
- NAME: led
- TYPE: integer (0-2)
- DEFAULT: 1 (Always on)
- DESC: Controls whether the LED (the little light) on the front of the camera
- is always off (0), always on (1), or only on when driver is open (2).
- This is not supported with the OV511, and might only work with certain
- cameras (ones that actually have the LED wired to the control pin, and
- not just hard-wired to be on all the time).
-
- NAME: dump_bridge
- TYPE: integer (Boolean)
- DEFAULT: 0
- DESC: Dumps the bridge (OV511[+] or OV518[+]) register values to the system
- log. Only useful for serious debugging/development purposes.
-
- NAME: dump_sensor
- TYPE: integer (Boolean)
- DEFAULT: 0
- DESC: Dumps the sensor register values to the system log. Only useful for
- serious debugging/development purposes.
-
- NAME: printph
- TYPE: integer (Boolean)
- DEFAULT: 0
- DESC: Setting this to 1 will dump the first 12 bytes of each isoc frame. This
- is only useful if you are trying to debug problems with the isoc data
- stream (i.e.: camera initializes, but vidcat hangs until Ctrl-C). Be
- warned that this dumps a large number of messages to your kernel log.
-
- NAME: phy, phuv, pvy, pvuv, qhy, qhuv, qvy, qvuv
- TYPE: integer (0-63 for phy and phuv, 0-255 for rest)
- DEFAULT: OV511 default values
- DESC: These are registers 70h - 77h of the OV511, which control the
- prediction ranges and quantization thresholds of the compressor, for
- the Y and UV channels in the horizontal and vertical directions. See
- the OV511 or OV511+ data sheet for more detailed descriptions. These
- normally do not need to be changed.
-
- NAME: lightfreq
- TYPE: integer (0, 50, or 60)
- DEFAULT: 0 (use sensor default)
- DESC: Sets the sensor to match your lighting frequency. This can reduce the
- appearance of "banding", i.e. horizontal lines or waves of light and
- dark that are often caused by artificial lighting. Valid values are:
- 0 - Use default (depends on sensor, most likely 60 Hz)
- 50 - For European and Asian 50 Hz power
- 60 - For American 60 Hz power
-
- NAME: bandingfilter
- TYPE: integer (Boolean)
- DEFAULT: 0 (off)
- DESC: Enables the sensorĀ“s banding filter exposure algorithm. This reduces
- or stabilizes the "banding" caused by some artificial light sources
- (especially fluorescent). You might have to set lightfreq correctly for
- this to work right. As an added bonus, this sometimes makes it
- possible to capture your monitorĀ“s output.
-
- NAME: fastset
- TYPE: integer (Boolean)
- DEFAULT: 0 (off)
- DESC: Allows picture settings (brightness, contrast, color, and hue) to take
- effect immediately, even in the middle of a frame. This reduces the
- time to change settings, but can ruin frames during the change. Only
- affects OmniVision sensors.
-
- NAME: force_palette
- TYPE: integer (Boolean)
- DEFAULT: 0 (off)
- DESC: Forces the palette (color format) to a specific value. If an
- application requests a different palette, it will be rejected, thereby
- forcing it to try others until it succeeds. This is useful for forcing
- greyscale mode with a color camera, for example. Supported modes are:
- 0 (Allows all the following formats)
- 1 VIDEO_PALETTE_GREY (Linear greyscale)
- 10 VIDEO_PALETTE_YUV420 (YUV 4:2:0 Planar)
- 15 VIDEO_PALETTE_YUV420P (YUV 4:2:0 Planar, same as 10)
-
- NAME: backlight
- TYPE: integer (Boolean)
- DEFAULT: 0 (off)
- DESC: Setting this flag changes the exposure algorithm for OmniVision sensors
- such that objects in the camera's view (i.e. your head) can be clearly
- seen when they are illuminated from behind. It reduces or eliminates
- the sensor's auto-exposure function, so it should only be used when
- needed. Additionally, it is only supported with the OV6620 and OV7620.
-
- NAME: unit_video
- TYPE: Up to 16 comma-separated integers
- DEFAULT: 0,0,0... (automatically assign the next available minor(s))
- DESC: You can specify up to 16 minor numbers to be assigned to ov511 devices.
- For example, "unit_video=1,3" will make the driver use /dev/video1 and
- /dev/video3 for the first two devices it detects. Additional devices
- will be assigned automatically starting at the first available device
- node (/dev/video0 in this case). Note that you cannot specify 0 as a
- minor number. This feature requires kernel version 2.4.5 or higher.
-
- NAME: remove_zeros
- TYPE: integer (Boolean)
- DEFAULT: 0 (do not skip any incoming data)
- DESC: Setting this to 1 will remove zero-padding from incoming data. This
- will compensate for the blocks of corruption that can appear when the
- camera cannot keep up with the speed of the USB bus (eg. at low frame
- resolutions). This feature is always enabled when compression is on.
-
- NAME: mirror
- TYPE: integer (Boolean)
- DEFAULT: 0 (off)
- DESC: Setting this to 1 will reverse ("mirror") the image horizontally. This
- might be necessary if your camera has a custom lens assembly. This has
- no effect with video capture devices.
-
- NAME: ov518_color
- TYPE: integer (Boolean)
- DEFAULT: 0 (off)
- DESC: Enable OV518 color support. This is off by default since it doesn't
- work most of the time. If you want to try it, you must also load
- ov518_decomp with the "nouv=0" parameter. If you get improper colors or
- diagonal lines through the image, restart your video app and try again.
- Repeat as necessary.
-
-WORKING FEATURES:
- o Color streaming/capture at most widths and heights that are multiples of 8.
- o Monochrome (use force_palette=1 to enable)
- o Setting/getting of saturation, contrast, brightness, and hue (only some of
- them work the OV7620 and OV7620AE)
- o /proc status reporting
- o SAA7111A video capture support at 320x240 and 640x480
- o Compression support
- o SMP compatibility
-
-HOW TO CONTACT ME:
-
-You can email me at mark@alpha.dyndns.org . Please prefix the subject line
-with "OV511: " so that I am certain to notice your message.
-
-CREDITS:
-
-The code is based in no small part on the CPiA driver by Johannes Erdfelt,
-Randy Dunlap, and others. Big thanks to them for their pioneering work on that
-and the USB stack. Thanks to Bret Wallach for getting camera reg IO, ISOC, and
-image capture working. Thanks to Orion Sky Lawlor, Kevin Moore, and Claudio
-Matsuoka for their work as well.