summaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/Documentation/trace/uprobetracer.txt
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/trace/uprobetracer.txt')
-rw-r--r--Documentation/trace/uprobetracer.txt113
1 files changed, 113 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/trace/uprobetracer.txt b/Documentation/trace/uprobetracer.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..24ce682
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/trace/uprobetracer.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,113 @@
+ Uprobe-tracer: Uprobe-based Event Tracing
+ =========================================
+ Documentation written by Srikar Dronamraju
+
+Overview
+--------
+Uprobe based trace events are similar to kprobe based trace events.
+To enable this feature, build your kernel with CONFIG_UPROBE_EVENT=y.
+
+Similar to the kprobe-event tracer, this doesn't need to be activated via
+current_tracer. Instead of that, add probe points via
+/sys/kernel/debug/tracing/uprobe_events, and enable it via
+/sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/uprobes/<EVENT>/enabled.
+
+However unlike kprobe-event tracer, the uprobe event interface expects the
+user to calculate the offset of the probepoint in the object
+
+Synopsis of uprobe_tracer
+-------------------------
+ p[:[GRP/]EVENT] PATH:SYMBOL[+offs] [FETCHARGS] : Set a probe
+
+ GRP : Group name. If omitted, use "uprobes" for it.
+ EVENT : Event name. If omitted, the event name is generated
+ based on SYMBOL+offs.
+ PATH : path to an executable or a library.
+ SYMBOL[+offs] : Symbol+offset where the probe is inserted.
+
+ FETCHARGS : Arguments. Each probe can have up to 128 args.
+ %REG : Fetch register REG
+
+Event Profiling
+---------------
+ You can check the total number of probe hits and probe miss-hits via
+/sys/kernel/debug/tracing/uprobe_profile.
+ The first column is event name, the second is the number of probe hits,
+the third is the number of probe miss-hits.
+
+Usage examples
+--------------
+To add a probe as a new event, write a new definition to uprobe_events
+as below.
+
+ echo 'p: /bin/bash:0x4245c0' > /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/uprobe_events
+
+ This sets a uprobe at an offset of 0x4245c0 in the executable /bin/bash
+
+ echo > /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/uprobe_events
+
+ This clears all probe points.
+
+The following example shows how to dump the instruction pointer and %ax
+a register at the probed text address. Here we are trying to probe
+function zfree in /bin/zsh
+
+ # cd /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/
+ # cat /proc/`pgrep zsh`/maps | grep /bin/zsh | grep r-xp
+ 00400000-0048a000 r-xp 00000000 08:03 130904 /bin/zsh
+ # objdump -T /bin/zsh | grep -w zfree
+ 0000000000446420 g DF .text 0000000000000012 Base zfree
+
+0x46420 is the offset of zfree in object /bin/zsh that is loaded at
+0x00400000. Hence the command to probe would be :
+
+ # echo 'p /bin/zsh:0x46420 %ip %ax' > uprobe_events
+
+Please note: User has to explicitly calculate the offset of the probepoint
+in the object. We can see the events that are registered by looking at the
+uprobe_events file.
+
+ # cat uprobe_events
+ p:uprobes/p_zsh_0x46420 /bin/zsh:0x00046420 arg1=%ip arg2=%ax
+
+The format of events can be seen by viewing the file events/uprobes/p_zsh_0x46420/format
+
+ # cat events/uprobes/p_zsh_0x46420/format
+ name: p_zsh_0x46420
+ ID: 922
+ format:
+ field:unsigned short common_type; offset:0; size:2; signed:0;
+ field:unsigned char common_flags; offset:2; size:1; signed:0;
+ field:unsigned char common_preempt_count; offset:3; size:1; signed:0;
+ field:int common_pid; offset:4; size:4; signed:1;
+ field:int common_padding; offset:8; size:4; signed:1;
+
+ field:unsigned long __probe_ip; offset:12; size:4; signed:0;
+ field:u32 arg1; offset:16; size:4; signed:0;
+ field:u32 arg2; offset:20; size:4; signed:0;
+
+ print fmt: "(%lx) arg1=%lx arg2=%lx", REC->__probe_ip, REC->arg1, REC->arg2
+
+Right after definition, each event is disabled by default. For tracing these
+events, you need to enable it by:
+
+ # echo 1 > events/uprobes/enable
+
+Lets disable the event after sleeping for some time.
+ # sleep 20
+ # echo 0 > events/uprobes/enable
+
+And you can see the traced information via /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/trace.
+
+ # cat trace
+ # tracer: nop
+ #
+ # TASK-PID CPU# TIMESTAMP FUNCTION
+ # | | | | |
+ zsh-24842 [006] 258544.995456: p_zsh_0x46420: (0x446420) arg1=446421 arg2=79
+ zsh-24842 [007] 258545.000270: p_zsh_0x46420: (0x446420) arg1=446421 arg2=79
+ zsh-24842 [002] 258545.043929: p_zsh_0x46420: (0x446420) arg1=446421 arg2=79
+ zsh-24842 [004] 258547.046129: p_zsh_0x46420: (0x446420) arg1=446421 arg2=79
+
+Each line shows us probes were triggered for a pid 24842 with ip being
+0x446421 and contents of ax register being 79.