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-
-System Power Management States
-
-
-The kernel supports three power management states generically, though
-each is dependent on platform support code to implement the low-level
-details for each state. This file describes each state, what they are
-commonly called, what ACPI state they map to, and what string to write
-to /sys/power/state to enter that state
-
-
-State: Standby / Power-On Suspend
-ACPI State: S1
-String: "standby"
-
-This state offers minimal, though real, power savings, while providing
-a very low-latency transition back to a working system. No operating
-state is lost (the CPU retains power), so the system easily starts up
-again where it left off.
-
-We try to put devices in a low-power state equivalent to D1, which
-also offers low power savings, but low resume latency. Not all devices
-support D1, and those that don't are left on.
-
-A transition from Standby to the On state should take about 1-2
-seconds.
-
-
-State: Suspend-to-RAM
-ACPI State: S3
-String: "mem"
-
-This state offers significant power savings as everything in the
-system is put into a low-power state, except for memory, which is
-placed in self-refresh mode to retain its contents.
-
-System and device state is saved and kept in memory. All devices are
-suspended and put into D3. In many cases, all peripheral buses lose
-power when entering STR, so devices must be able to handle the
-transition back to the On state.
-
-For at least ACPI, STR requires some minimal boot-strapping code to
-resume the system from STR. This may be true on other platforms.
-
-A transition from Suspend-to-RAM to the On state should take about
-3-5 seconds.
-
-
-State: Suspend-to-disk
-ACPI State: S4
-String: "disk"
-
-This state offers the greatest power savings, and can be used even in
-the absence of low-level platform support for power management. This
-state operates similarly to Suspend-to-RAM, but includes a final step
-of writing memory contents to disk. On resume, this is read and memory
-is restored to its pre-suspend state.
-
-STD can be handled by the firmware or the kernel. If it is handled by
-the firmware, it usually requires a dedicated partition that must be
-setup via another operating system for it to use. Despite the
-inconvenience, this method requires minimal work by the kernel, since
-the firmware will also handle restoring memory contents on resume.
-
-For suspend-to-disk, a mechanism called 'swsusp' (Swap Suspend) is used
-to write memory contents to free swap space. swsusp has some restrictive
-requirements, but should work in most cases. Some, albeit outdated,
-documentation can be found in Documentation/power/swsusp.txt.
-Alternatively, userspace can do most of the actual suspend to disk work,
-see userland-swsusp.txt.
-
-Once memory state is written to disk, the system may either enter a
-low-power state (like ACPI S4), or it may simply power down. Powering
-down offers greater savings, and allows this mechanism to work on any
-system. However, entering a real low-power state allows the user to
-trigger wake up events (e.g. pressing a key or opening a laptop lid).
-
-A transition from Suspend-to-Disk to the On state should take about 30
-seconds, though it's typically a bit more with the current
-implementation.