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-Ioctl Numbers
-19 October 1999
-Michael Elizabeth Chastain
-<mec@shout.net>
-
-If you are adding new ioctl's to the kernel, you should use the _IO
-macros defined in <linux/ioctl.h>:
-
- _IO an ioctl with no parameters
- _IOW an ioctl with write parameters (copy_from_user)
- _IOR an ioctl with read parameters (copy_to_user)
- _IOWR an ioctl with both write and read parameters.
-
-'Write' and 'read' are from the user's point of view, just like the
-system calls 'write' and 'read'. For example, a SET_FOO ioctl would
-be _IOW, although the kernel would actually read data from user space;
-a GET_FOO ioctl would be _IOR, although the kernel would actually write
-data to user space.
-
-The first argument to _IO, _IOW, _IOR, or _IOWR is an identifying letter
-or number from the table below. Because of the large number of drivers,
-many drivers share a partial letter with other drivers.
-
-If you are writing a driver for a new device and need a letter, pick an
-unused block with enough room for expansion: 32 to 256 ioctl commands.
-You can register the block by patching this file and submitting the
-patch to Linus Torvalds. Or you can e-mail me at <mec@shout.net> and
-I'll register one for you.
-
-The second argument to _IO, _IOW, _IOR, or _IOWR is a sequence number
-to distinguish ioctls from each other. The third argument to _IOW,
-_IOR, or _IOWR is the type of the data going into the kernel or coming
-out of the kernel (e.g. 'int' or 'struct foo'). NOTE! Do NOT use
-sizeof(arg) as the third argument as this results in your ioctl thinking
-it passes an argument of type size_t.
-
-Some devices use their major number as the identifier; this is OK, as
-long as it is unique. Some devices are irregular and don't follow any
-convention at all.
-
-Following this convention is good because:
-
-(1) Keeping the ioctl's globally unique helps error checking:
- if a program calls an ioctl on the wrong device, it will get an
- error rather than some unexpected behaviour.
-
-(2) The 'strace' build procedure automatically finds ioctl numbers
- defined with _IO, _IOW, _IOR, or _IOWR.
-
-(3) 'strace' can decode numbers back into useful names when the
- numbers are unique.
-
-(4) People looking for ioctls can grep for them more easily when
- this convention is used to define the ioctl numbers.
-
-(5) When following the convention, the driver code can use generic
- code to copy the parameters between user and kernel space.
-
-This table lists ioctls visible from user land for Linux/x86. It contains
-most drivers up to 2.6.31, but I know I am missing some. There has been
-no attempt to list non-X86 architectures or ioctls from drivers/staging/.
-
-Code Seq#(hex) Include File Comments
-========================================================
-0x00 00-1F linux/fs.h conflict!
-0x00 00-1F scsi/scsi_ioctl.h conflict!
-0x00 00-1F linux/fb.h conflict!
-0x00 00-1F linux/wavefront.h conflict!
-0x02 all linux/fd.h
-0x03 all linux/hdreg.h
-0x04 D2-DC linux/umsdos_fs.h Dead since 2.6.11, but don't reuse these.
-0x06 all linux/lp.h
-0x09 all linux/raid/md_u.h
-0x10 00-0F drivers/char/s390/vmcp.h
-0x12 all linux/fs.h
- linux/blkpg.h
-0x1b all InfiniBand Subsystem <http://infiniband.sourceforge.net/>
-0x20 all drivers/cdrom/cm206.h
-0x22 all scsi/sg.h
-'#' 00-3F IEEE 1394 Subsystem Block for the entire subsystem
-'$' 00-0F linux/perf_counter.h, linux/perf_event.h
-'&' 00-07 drivers/firewire/nosy-user.h
-'1' 00-1F <linux/timepps.h> PPS kit from Ulrich Windl
- <ftp://ftp.de.kernel.org/pub/linux/daemons/ntp/PPS/>
-'2' 01-04 linux/i2o.h
-'3' 00-0F drivers/s390/char/raw3270.h conflict!
-'3' 00-1F linux/suspend_ioctls.h conflict!
- and kernel/power/user.c
-'8' all SNP8023 advanced NIC card
- <mailto:mcr@solidum.com>
-'@' 00-0F linux/radeonfb.h conflict!
-'@' 00-0F drivers/video/aty/aty128fb.c conflict!
-'A' 00-1F linux/apm_bios.h conflict!
-'A' 00-0F linux/agpgart.h conflict!
- and drivers/char/agp/compat_ioctl.h
-'A' 00-7F sound/asound.h conflict!
-'B' 00-1F linux/cciss_ioctl.h conflict!
-'B' 00-0F include/linux/pmu.h conflict!
-'B' C0-FF advanced bbus
- <mailto:maassen@uni-freiburg.de>
-'C' all linux/soundcard.h conflict!
-'C' 01-2F linux/capi.h conflict!
-'C' F0-FF drivers/net/wan/cosa.h conflict!
-'D' all arch/s390/include/asm/dasd.h
-'D' 40-5F drivers/scsi/dpt/dtpi_ioctl.h
-'D' 05 drivers/scsi/pmcraid.h
-'E' all linux/input.h conflict!
-'E' 00-0F xen/evtchn.h conflict!
-'F' all linux/fb.h conflict!
-'F' 01-02 drivers/scsi/pmcraid.h conflict!
-'F' 20 drivers/video/fsl-diu-fb.h conflict!
-'F' 20 drivers/video/intelfb/intelfb.h conflict!
-'F' 20 linux/ivtvfb.h conflict!
-'F' 20 linux/matroxfb.h conflict!
-'F' 20 drivers/video/aty/atyfb_base.c conflict!
-'F' 00-0F video/da8xx-fb.h conflict!
-'F' 80-8F linux/arcfb.h conflict!
-'F' DD video/sstfb.h conflict!
-'G' 00-3F drivers/misc/sgi-gru/grulib.h conflict!
-'G' 00-0F linux/gigaset_dev.h conflict!
-'H' 00-7F linux/hiddev.h conflict!
-'H' 00-0F linux/hidraw.h conflict!
-'H' 01 linux/mei.h conflict!
-'H' 00-0F sound/asound.h conflict!
-'H' 20-40 sound/asound_fm.h conflict!
-'H' 80-8F sound/sfnt_info.h conflict!
-'H' 10-8F sound/emu10k1.h conflict!
-'H' 10-1F sound/sb16_csp.h conflict!
-'H' 10-1F sound/hda_hwdep.h conflict!
-'H' 40-4F sound/hdspm.h conflict!
-'H' 40-4F sound/hdsp.h conflict!
-'H' 90 sound/usb/usx2y/usb_stream.h
-'H' C0-F0 net/bluetooth/hci.h conflict!
-'H' C0-DF net/bluetooth/hidp/hidp.h conflict!
-'H' C0-DF net/bluetooth/cmtp/cmtp.h conflict!
-'H' C0-DF net/bluetooth/bnep/bnep.h conflict!
-'H' F1 linux/hid-roccat.h <mailto:erazor_de@users.sourceforge.net>
-'I' all linux/isdn.h conflict!
-'I' 00-0F drivers/isdn/divert/isdn_divert.h conflict!
-'I' 40-4F linux/mISDNif.h conflict!
-'J' 00-1F drivers/scsi/gdth_ioctl.h
-'K' all linux/kd.h
-'L' 00-1F linux/loop.h conflict!
-'L' 10-1F drivers/scsi/mpt2sas/mpt2sas_ctl.h conflict!
-'L' E0-FF linux/ppdd.h encrypted disk device driver
- <http://linux01.gwdg.de/~alatham/ppdd.html>
-'M' all linux/soundcard.h conflict!
-'M' 01-16 mtd/mtd-abi.h conflict!
- and drivers/mtd/mtdchar.c
-'M' 01-03 drivers/scsi/megaraid/megaraid_sas.h
-'M' 00-0F drivers/video/fsl-diu-fb.h conflict!
-'N' 00-1F drivers/usb/scanner.h
-'N' 40-7F drivers/block/nvme.c
-'O' 00-06 mtd/ubi-user.h UBI
-'P' all linux/soundcard.h conflict!
-'P' 60-6F sound/sscape_ioctl.h conflict!
-'P' 00-0F drivers/usb/class/usblp.c conflict!
-'Q' all linux/soundcard.h
-'R' 00-1F linux/random.h conflict!
-'R' 01 linux/rfkill.h conflict!
-'R' C0-DF net/bluetooth/rfcomm.h
-'S' all linux/cdrom.h conflict!
-'S' 80-81 scsi/scsi_ioctl.h conflict!
-'S' 82-FF scsi/scsi.h conflict!
-'S' 00-7F sound/asequencer.h conflict!
-'T' all linux/soundcard.h conflict!
-'T' 00-AF sound/asound.h conflict!
-'T' all arch/x86/include/asm/ioctls.h conflict!
-'T' C0-DF linux/if_tun.h conflict!
-'U' all sound/asound.h conflict!
-'U' 00-CF linux/uinput.h conflict!
-'U' 00-EF linux/usbdevice_fs.h
-'U' C0-CF drivers/bluetooth/hci_uart.h
-'V' all linux/vt.h conflict!
-'V' all linux/videodev2.h conflict!
-'V' C0 linux/ivtvfb.h conflict!
-'V' C0 linux/ivtv.h conflict!
-'V' C0 media/davinci/vpfe_capture.h conflict!
-'V' C0 media/si4713.h conflict!
-'V' C0-CF drivers/media/video/mxb.h conflict!
-'W' 00-1F linux/watchdog.h conflict!
-'W' 00-1F linux/wanrouter.h conflict!
-'W' 00-3F sound/asound.h conflict!
-'X' all fs/xfs/xfs_fs.h conflict!
- and fs/xfs/linux-2.6/xfs_ioctl32.h
- and include/linux/falloc.h
- and linux/fs.h
-'X' all fs/ocfs2/ocfs_fs.h conflict!
-'X' 01 linux/pktcdvd.h conflict!
-'Y' all linux/cyclades.h
-'Z' 14-15 drivers/message/fusion/mptctl.h
-'[' 00-07 linux/usb/tmc.h USB Test and Measurement Devices
- <mailto:gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
-'a' all linux/atm*.h, linux/sonet.h ATM on linux
- <http://lrcwww.epfl.ch/>
-'b' 00-FF conflict! bit3 vme host bridge
- <mailto:natalia@nikhefk.nikhef.nl>
-'c' all linux/cm4000_cs.h conflict!
-'c' 00-7F linux/comstats.h conflict!
-'c' 00-7F linux/coda.h conflict!
-'c' 00-1F linux/chio.h conflict!
-'c' 80-9F arch/s390/include/asm/chsc.h conflict!
-'c' A0-AF arch/x86/include/asm/msr.h conflict!
-'d' 00-FF linux/char/drm/drm/h conflict!
-'d' 02-40 pcmcia/ds.h conflict!
-'d' 10-3F drivers/media/video/dabusb.h conflict!
-'d' C0-CF drivers/media/video/saa7191.h conflict!
-'d' F0-FF linux/digi1.h
-'e' all linux/digi1.h conflict!
-'e' 00-1F drivers/net/irda/irtty-sir.h conflict!
-'f' 00-1F linux/ext2_fs.h conflict!
-'f' 00-1F linux/ext3_fs.h conflict!
-'f' 00-0F fs/jfs/jfs_dinode.h conflict!
-'f' 00-0F fs/ext4/ext4.h conflict!
-'f' 00-0F linux/fs.h conflict!
-'f' 00-0F fs/ocfs2/ocfs2_fs.h conflict!
-'g' 00-0F linux/usb/gadgetfs.h
-'g' 20-2F linux/usb/g_printer.h
-'h' 00-7F conflict! Charon filesystem
- <mailto:zapman@interlan.net>
-'h' 00-1F linux/hpet.h conflict!
-'h' 80-8F fs/hfsplus/ioctl.c
-'i' 00-3F linux/i2o-dev.h conflict!
-'i' 0B-1F linux/ipmi.h conflict!
-'i' 80-8F linux/i8k.h
-'j' 00-3F linux/joystick.h
-'k' 00-0F linux/spi/spidev.h conflict!
-'k' 00-05 video/kyro.h conflict!
-'k' 10-17 linux/hsi/hsi_char.h HSI character device
-'l' 00-3F linux/tcfs_fs.h transparent cryptographic file system
- <http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://mikonos.dia.unisa.it/tcfs>
-'l' 40-7F linux/udf_fs_i.h in development:
- <http://sourceforge.net/projects/linux-udf/>
-'m' 00-09 linux/mmtimer.h conflict!
-'m' all linux/mtio.h conflict!
-'m' all linux/soundcard.h conflict!
-'m' all linux/synclink.h conflict!
-'m' 00-19 drivers/message/fusion/mptctl.h conflict!
-'m' 00 drivers/scsi/megaraid/megaraid_ioctl.h conflict!
-'m' 00-1F net/irda/irmod.h conflict!
-'n' 00-7F linux/ncp_fs.h and fs/ncpfs/ioctl.c
-'n' 80-8F linux/nilfs2_fs.h NILFS2
-'n' E0-FF linux/matroxfb.h matroxfb
-'o' 00-1F fs/ocfs2/ocfs2_fs.h OCFS2
-'o' 00-03 mtd/ubi-user.h conflict! (OCFS2 and UBI overlaps)
-'o' 40-41 mtd/ubi-user.h UBI
-'o' 01-A1 linux/dvb/*.h DVB
-'p' 00-0F linux/phantom.h conflict! (OpenHaptics needs this)
-'p' 00-1F linux/rtc.h conflict!
-'p' 00-3F linux/mc146818rtc.h conflict!
-'p' 40-7F linux/nvram.h
-'p' 80-9F linux/ppdev.h user-space parport
- <mailto:tim@cyberelk.net>
-'p' A1-A5 linux/pps.h LinuxPPS
- <mailto:giometti@linux.it>
-'q' 00-1F linux/serio.h
-'q' 80-FF linux/telephony.h Internet PhoneJACK, Internet LineJACK
- linux/ixjuser.h <http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.quicknet.net>
-'r' 00-1F linux/msdos_fs.h and fs/fat/dir.c
-'s' all linux/cdk.h
-'t' 00-7F linux/ppp-ioctl.h
-'t' 80-8F linux/isdn_ppp.h
-'t' 90 linux/toshiba.h
-'u' 00-1F linux/smb_fs.h gone
-'u' 20-3F linux/uvcvideo.h USB video class host driver
-'v' 00-1F linux/ext2_fs.h conflict!
-'v' 00-1F linux/fs.h conflict!
-'v' 00-0F linux/sonypi.h conflict!
-'v' C0-DF media/pwc-ioctl.h conflict!
-'v' C0-FF linux/meye.h conflict!
-'v' D0-DF drivers/media/video/cpia2/cpia2dev.h conflict!
-'w' all CERN SCI driver
-'y' 00-1F packet based user level communications
- <mailto:zapman@interlan.net>
-'z' 00-3F CAN bus card conflict!
- <mailto:hdstich@connectu.ulm.circular.de>
-'z' 40-7F CAN bus card conflict!
- <mailto:oe@port.de>
-'z' 10-4F drivers/s390/crypto/zcrypt_api.h conflict!
-'|' 00-7F linux/media.h
-0x80 00-1F linux/fb.h
-0x89 00-06 arch/x86/include/asm/sockios.h
-0x89 0B-DF linux/sockios.h
-0x89 E0-EF linux/sockios.h SIOCPROTOPRIVATE range
-0x89 E0-EF linux/dn.h PROTOPRIVATE range
-0x89 F0-FF linux/sockios.h SIOCDEVPRIVATE range
-0x8B all linux/wireless.h
-0x8C 00-3F WiNRADiO driver
- <http://www.winradio.com.au/>
-0x90 00 drivers/cdrom/sbpcd.h
-0x92 00-0F drivers/usb/mon/mon_bin.c
-0x93 60-7F linux/auto_fs.h
-0x94 all fs/btrfs/ioctl.h
-0x97 00-7F fs/ceph/ioctl.h Ceph file system
-0x99 00-0F 537-Addinboard driver
- <mailto:buk@buks.ipn.de>
-0xA0 all linux/sdp/sdp.h Industrial Device Project
- <mailto:kenji@bitgate.com>
-0xA2 00-0F arch/tile/include/asm/hardwall.h
-0xA3 80-8F Port ACL in development:
- <mailto:tlewis@mindspring.com>
-0xA3 90-9F linux/dtlk.h
-0xAB 00-1F linux/nbd.h
-0xAC 00-1F linux/raw.h
-0xAD 00 Netfilter device in development:
- <mailto:rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
-0xAE all linux/kvm.h Kernel-based Virtual Machine
- <mailto:kvm@vger.kernel.org>
-0xAF 00-1F linux/fsl_hypervisor.h Freescale hypervisor
-0xB0 all RATIO devices in development:
- <mailto:vgo@ratio.de>
-0xB1 00-1F PPPoX <mailto:mostrows@styx.uwaterloo.ca>
-0xB3 00 linux/mmc/ioctl.h
-0xC0 00-0F linux/usb/iowarrior.h
-0xCB 00-1F CBM serial IEC bus in development:
- <mailto:michael.klein@puffin.lb.shuttle.de>
-0xCD 01 linux/reiserfs_fs.h
-0xCF 02 fs/cifs/ioctl.c
-0xDB 00-0F drivers/char/mwave/mwavepub.h
-0xDD 00-3F ZFCP device driver see drivers/s390/scsi/
- <mailto:aherrman@de.ibm.com>
-0xF3 00-3F drivers/usb/misc/sisusbvga/sisusb.h sisfb (in development)
- <mailto:thomas@winischhofer.net>
-0xF4 00-1F video/mbxfb.h mbxfb
- <mailto:raph@8d.com>
-0xF6 all LTTng Linux Trace Toolkit Next Generation
- <mailto:mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com>
-0xFD all linux/dm-ioctl.h