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- Summary of CDROM ioctl calls.
- ============================
-
- Edward A. Falk <efalk@google.com>
-
- November, 2004
-
-This document attempts to describe the ioctl(2) calls supported by
-the CDROM layer. These are by-and-large implemented (as of Linux 2.6)
-in drivers/cdrom/cdrom.c and drivers/block/scsi_ioctl.c
-
-ioctl values are listed in <linux/cdrom.h>. As of this writing, they
-are as follows:
-
- CDROMPAUSE Pause Audio Operation
- CDROMRESUME Resume paused Audio Operation
- CDROMPLAYMSF Play Audio MSF (struct cdrom_msf)
- CDROMPLAYTRKIND Play Audio Track/index (struct cdrom_ti)
- CDROMREADTOCHDR Read TOC header (struct cdrom_tochdr)
- CDROMREADTOCENTRY Read TOC entry (struct cdrom_tocentry)
- CDROMSTOP Stop the cdrom drive
- CDROMSTART Start the cdrom drive
- CDROMEJECT Ejects the cdrom media
- CDROMVOLCTRL Control output volume (struct cdrom_volctrl)
- CDROMSUBCHNL Read subchannel data (struct cdrom_subchnl)
- CDROMREADMODE2 Read CDROM mode 2 data (2336 Bytes)
- (struct cdrom_read)
- CDROMREADMODE1 Read CDROM mode 1 data (2048 Bytes)
- (struct cdrom_read)
- CDROMREADAUDIO (struct cdrom_read_audio)
- CDROMEJECT_SW enable(1)/disable(0) auto-ejecting
- CDROMMULTISESSION Obtain the start-of-last-session
- address of multi session disks
- (struct cdrom_multisession)
- CDROM_GET_MCN Obtain the "Universal Product Code"
- if available (struct cdrom_mcn)
- CDROM_GET_UPC Deprecated, use CDROM_GET_MCN instead.
- CDROMRESET hard-reset the drive
- CDROMVOLREAD Get the drive's volume setting
- (struct cdrom_volctrl)
- CDROMREADRAW read data in raw mode (2352 Bytes)
- (struct cdrom_read)
- CDROMREADCOOKED read data in cooked mode
- CDROMSEEK seek msf address
- CDROMPLAYBLK scsi-cd only, (struct cdrom_blk)
- CDROMREADALL read all 2646 bytes
- CDROMGETSPINDOWN return 4-bit spindown value
- CDROMSETSPINDOWN set 4-bit spindown value
- CDROMCLOSETRAY pendant of CDROMEJECT
- CDROM_SET_OPTIONS Set behavior options
- CDROM_CLEAR_OPTIONS Clear behavior options
- CDROM_SELECT_SPEED Set the CD-ROM speed
- CDROM_SELECT_DISC Select disc (for juke-boxes)
- CDROM_MEDIA_CHANGED Check is media changed
- CDROM_DRIVE_STATUS Get tray position, etc.
- CDROM_DISC_STATUS Get disc type, etc.
- CDROM_CHANGER_NSLOTS Get number of slots
- CDROM_LOCKDOOR lock or unlock door
- CDROM_DEBUG Turn debug messages on/off
- CDROM_GET_CAPABILITY get capabilities
- CDROMAUDIOBUFSIZ set the audio buffer size
- DVD_READ_STRUCT Read structure
- DVD_WRITE_STRUCT Write structure
- DVD_AUTH Authentication
- CDROM_SEND_PACKET send a packet to the drive
- CDROM_NEXT_WRITABLE get next writable block
- CDROM_LAST_WRITTEN get last block written on disc
-
-
-The information that follows was determined from reading kernel source
-code. It is likely that some corrections will be made over time.
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-General:
-
- Unless otherwise specified, all ioctl calls return 0 on success
- and -1 with errno set to an appropriate value on error. (Some
- ioctls return non-negative data values.)
-
- Unless otherwise specified, all ioctl calls return -1 and set
- errno to EFAULT on a failed attempt to copy data to or from user
- address space.
-
- Individual drivers may return error codes not listed here.
-
- Unless otherwise specified, all data structures and constants
- are defined in <linux/cdrom.h>
-
-
-
-
-CDROMPAUSE Pause Audio Operation
-
- usage:
-
- ioctl(fd, CDROMPAUSE, 0);
-
- inputs: none
-
- outputs: none
-
- error return:
- ENOSYS cd drive not audio-capable.
-
-
-CDROMRESUME Resume paused Audio Operation
-
- usage:
-
- ioctl(fd, CDROMRESUME, 0);
-
- inputs: none
-
- outputs: none
-
- error return:
- ENOSYS cd drive not audio-capable.
-
-
-CDROMPLAYMSF Play Audio MSF (struct cdrom_msf)
-
- usage:
-
- struct cdrom_msf msf;
- ioctl(fd, CDROMPLAYMSF, &msf);
-
- inputs:
- cdrom_msf structure, describing a segment of music to play
-
- outputs: none
-
- error return:
- ENOSYS cd drive not audio-capable.
-
- notes:
- MSF stands for minutes-seconds-frames
- LBA stands for logical block address
-
- Segment is described as start and end times, where each time
- is described as minutes:seconds:frames. A frame is 1/75 of
- a second.
-
-
-CDROMPLAYTRKIND Play Audio Track/index (struct cdrom_ti)
-
- usage:
-
- struct cdrom_ti ti;
- ioctl(fd, CDROMPLAYTRKIND, &ti);
-
- inputs:
- cdrom_ti structure, describing a segment of music to play
-
- outputs: none
-
- error return:
- ENOSYS cd drive not audio-capable.
-
- notes:
- Segment is described as start and end times, where each time
- is described as a track and an index.
-
-
-
-CDROMREADTOCHDR Read TOC header (struct cdrom_tochdr)
-
- usage:
-
- cdrom_tochdr header;
- ioctl(fd, CDROMREADTOCHDR, &header);
-
- inputs:
- cdrom_tochdr structure
-
- outputs:
- cdrom_tochdr structure
-
- error return:
- ENOSYS cd drive not audio-capable.
-
-
-
-CDROMREADTOCENTRY Read TOC entry (struct cdrom_tocentry)
-
- usage:
-
- struct cdrom_tocentry entry;
- ioctl(fd, CDROMREADTOCENTRY, &entry);
-
- inputs:
- cdrom_tocentry structure
-
- outputs:
- cdrom_tocentry structure
-
- error return:
- ENOSYS cd drive not audio-capable.
- EINVAL entry.cdte_format not CDROM_MSF or CDROM_LBA
- EINVAL requested track out of bounds
- EIO I/O error reading TOC
-
- notes:
- TOC stands for Table Of Contents
- MSF stands for minutes-seconds-frames
- LBA stands for logical block address
-
-
-
-CDROMSTOP Stop the cdrom drive
-
- usage:
-
- ioctl(fd, CDROMSTOP, 0);
-
- inputs: none
-
- outputs: none
-
- error return:
- ENOSYS cd drive not audio-capable.
-
- notes:
- Exact interpretation of this ioctl depends on the device,
- but most seem to spin the drive down.
-
-
-CDROMSTART Start the cdrom drive
-
- usage:
-
- ioctl(fd, CDROMSTART, 0);
-
- inputs: none
-
- outputs: none
-
- error return:
- ENOSYS cd drive not audio-capable.
-
- notes:
- Exact interpretation of this ioctl depends on the device,
- but most seem to spin the drive up and/or close the tray.
- Other devices ignore the ioctl completely.
-
-
-CDROMEJECT Ejects the cdrom media
-
- usage:
-
- ioctl(fd, CDROMEJECT, 0);
-
- inputs: none
-
- outputs: none
-
- error returns:
- ENOSYS cd drive not capable of ejecting
- EBUSY other processes are accessing drive, or door is locked
-
- notes:
- See CDROM_LOCKDOOR, below.
-
-
-
-CDROMCLOSETRAY pendant of CDROMEJECT
-
- usage:
-
- ioctl(fd, CDROMCLOSETRAY, 0);
-
- inputs: none
-
- outputs: none
-
- error returns:
- ENOSYS cd drive not capable of closing the tray
- EBUSY other processes are accessing drive, or door is locked
-
- notes:
- See CDROM_LOCKDOOR, below.
-
-
-
-CDROMVOLCTRL Control output volume (struct cdrom_volctrl)
-
- usage:
-
- struct cdrom_volctrl volume;
- ioctl(fd, CDROMVOLCTRL, &volume);
-
- inputs:
- cdrom_volctrl structure containing volumes for up to 4
- channels.
-
- outputs: none
-
- error return:
- ENOSYS cd drive not audio-capable.
-
-
-
-CDROMVOLREAD Get the drive's volume setting
- (struct cdrom_volctrl)
-
- usage:
-
- struct cdrom_volctrl volume;
- ioctl(fd, CDROMVOLREAD, &volume);
-
- inputs: none
-
- outputs:
- The current volume settings.
-
- error return:
- ENOSYS cd drive not audio-capable.
-
-
-
-CDROMSUBCHNL Read subchannel data (struct cdrom_subchnl)
-
- usage:
-
- struct cdrom_subchnl q;
- ioctl(fd, CDROMSUBCHNL, &q);
-
- inputs:
- cdrom_subchnl structure
-
- outputs:
- cdrom_subchnl structure
-
- error return:
- ENOSYS cd drive not audio-capable.
- EINVAL format not CDROM_MSF or CDROM_LBA
-
- notes:
- Format is converted to CDROM_MSF on return
-
-
-
-CDROMREADRAW read data in raw mode (2352 Bytes)
- (struct cdrom_read)
-
- usage:
-
- union {
- struct cdrom_msf msf; /* input */
- char buffer[CD_FRAMESIZE_RAW]; /* return */
- } arg;
- ioctl(fd, CDROMREADRAW, &arg);
-
- inputs:
- cdrom_msf structure indicating an address to read.
- Only the start values are significant.
-
- outputs:
- Data written to address provided by user.
-
- error return:
- EINVAL address less than 0, or msf less than 0:2:0
- ENOMEM out of memory
-
- notes:
- As of 2.6.8.1, comments in <linux/cdrom.h> indicate that this
- ioctl accepts a cdrom_read structure, but actual source code
- reads a cdrom_msf structure and writes a buffer of data to
- the same address.
-
- MSF values are converted to LBA values via this formula:
-
- lba = (((m * CD_SECS) + s) * CD_FRAMES + f) - CD_MSF_OFFSET;
-
-
-
-
-CDROMREADMODE1 Read CDROM mode 1 data (2048 Bytes)
- (struct cdrom_read)
-
- notes:
- Identical to CDROMREADRAW except that block size is
- CD_FRAMESIZE (2048) bytes
-
-
-
-CDROMREADMODE2 Read CDROM mode 2 data (2336 Bytes)
- (struct cdrom_read)
-
- notes:
- Identical to CDROMREADRAW except that block size is
- CD_FRAMESIZE_RAW0 (2336) bytes
-
-
-
-CDROMREADAUDIO (struct cdrom_read_audio)
-
- usage:
-
- struct cdrom_read_audio ra;
- ioctl(fd, CDROMREADAUDIO, &ra);
-
- inputs:
- cdrom_read_audio structure containing read start
- point and length
-
- outputs:
- audio data, returned to buffer indicated by ra
-
- error return:
- EINVAL format not CDROM_MSF or CDROM_LBA
- EINVAL nframes not in range [1 75]
- ENXIO drive has no queue (probably means invalid fd)
- ENOMEM out of memory
-
-
-CDROMEJECT_SW enable(1)/disable(0) auto-ejecting
-
- usage:
-
- int val;
- ioctl(fd, CDROMEJECT_SW, val);
-
- inputs:
- Flag specifying auto-eject flag.
-
- outputs: none
-
- error return:
- ENOSYS Drive is not capable of ejecting.
- EBUSY Door is locked
-
-
-
-
-CDROMMULTISESSION Obtain the start-of-last-session
- address of multi session disks
- (struct cdrom_multisession)
- usage:
-
- struct cdrom_multisession ms_info;
- ioctl(fd, CDROMMULTISESSION, &ms_info);
-
- inputs:
- cdrom_multisession structure containing desired
- format.
-
- outputs:
- cdrom_multisession structure is filled with last_session
- information.
-
- error return:
- EINVAL format not CDROM_MSF or CDROM_LBA
-
-
-CDROM_GET_MCN Obtain the "Universal Product Code"
- if available (struct cdrom_mcn)
-
- usage:
-
- struct cdrom_mcn mcn;
- ioctl(fd, CDROM_GET_MCN, &mcn);
-
- inputs: none
-
- outputs:
- Universal Product Code
-
- error return:
- ENOSYS Drive is not capable of reading MCN data.
-
- notes:
- Source code comments state:
-
- The following function is implemented, although very few
- audio discs give Universal Product Code information, which
- should just be the Medium Catalog Number on the box. Note,
- that the way the code is written on the CD is /not/ uniform
- across all discs!
-
-
-
-
-CDROM_GET_UPC CDROM_GET_MCN (deprecated)
-
- Not implemented, as of 2.6.8.1
-
-
-
-CDROMRESET hard-reset the drive
-
- usage:
-
- ioctl(fd, CDROMRESET, 0);
-
- inputs: none
-
- outputs: none
-
- error return:
- EACCES Access denied: requires CAP_SYS_ADMIN
- ENOSYS Drive is not capable of resetting.
-
-
-
-
-CDROMREADCOOKED read data in cooked mode
-
- usage:
-
- u8 buffer[CD_FRAMESIZE]
- ioctl(fd, CDROMREADCOOKED, buffer);
-
- inputs: none
-
- outputs:
- 2048 bytes of data, "cooked" mode.
-
- notes:
- Not implemented on all drives.
-
-
-
-
-CDROMREADALL read all 2646 bytes
-
- Same as CDROMREADCOOKED, but reads 2646 bytes.
-
-
-
-CDROMSEEK seek msf address
-
- usage:
-
- struct cdrom_msf msf;
- ioctl(fd, CDROMSEEK, &msf);
-
- inputs:
- MSF address to seek to.
-
- outputs: none
-
-
-
-CDROMPLAYBLK scsi-cd only, (struct cdrom_blk)
-
- usage:
-
- struct cdrom_blk blk;
- ioctl(fd, CDROMPLAYBLK, &blk);
-
- inputs:
- Region to play
-
- outputs: none
-
-
-
-CDROMGETSPINDOWN
-
- usage:
-
- char spindown;
- ioctl(fd, CDROMGETSPINDOWN, &spindown);
-
- inputs: none
-
- outputs:
- The value of the current 4-bit spindown value.
-
-
-
-
-CDROMSETSPINDOWN
-
- usage:
-
- char spindown
- ioctl(fd, CDROMSETSPINDOWN, &spindown);
-
- inputs:
- 4-bit value used to control spindown (TODO: more detail here)
-
- outputs: none
-
-
-
-
-
-CDROM_SET_OPTIONS Set behavior options
-
- usage:
-
- int options;
- ioctl(fd, CDROM_SET_OPTIONS, options);
-
- inputs:
- New values for drive options. The logical 'or' of:
- CDO_AUTO_CLOSE close tray on first open(2)
- CDO_AUTO_EJECT open tray on last release
- CDO_USE_FFLAGS use O_NONBLOCK information on open
- CDO_LOCK lock tray on open files
- CDO_CHECK_TYPE check type on open for data
-
- outputs:
- Returns the resulting options settings in the
- ioctl return value. Returns -1 on error.
-
- error return:
- ENOSYS selected option(s) not supported by drive.
-
-
-
-
-CDROM_CLEAR_OPTIONS Clear behavior options
-
- Same as CDROM_SET_OPTIONS, except that selected options are
- turned off.
-
-
-
-CDROM_SELECT_SPEED Set the CD-ROM speed
-
- usage:
-
- int speed;
- ioctl(fd, CDROM_SELECT_SPEED, speed);
-
- inputs:
- New drive speed.
-
- outputs: none
-
- error return:
- ENOSYS speed selection not supported by drive.
-
-
-
-CDROM_SELECT_DISC Select disc (for juke-boxes)
-
- usage:
-
- int disk;
- ioctl(fd, CDROM_SELECT_DISC, disk);
-
- inputs:
- Disk to load into drive.
-
- outputs: none
-
- error return:
- EINVAL Disk number beyond capacity of drive
-
-
-
-CDROM_MEDIA_CHANGED Check is media changed
-
- usage:
-
- int slot;
- ioctl(fd, CDROM_MEDIA_CHANGED, slot);
-
- inputs:
- Slot number to be tested, always zero except for jukeboxes.
- May also be special values CDSL_NONE or CDSL_CURRENT
-
- outputs:
- Ioctl return value is 0 or 1 depending on whether the media
- has been changed, or -1 on error.
-
- error returns:
- ENOSYS Drive can't detect media change
- EINVAL Slot number beyond capacity of drive
- ENOMEM Out of memory
-
-
-
-CDROM_DRIVE_STATUS Get tray position, etc.
-
- usage:
-
- int slot;
- ioctl(fd, CDROM_DRIVE_STATUS, slot);
-
- inputs:
- Slot number to be tested, always zero except for jukeboxes.
- May also be special values CDSL_NONE or CDSL_CURRENT
-
- outputs:
- Ioctl return value will be one of the following values
- from <linux/cdrom.h>:
-
- CDS_NO_INFO Information not available.
- CDS_NO_DISC
- CDS_TRAY_OPEN
- CDS_DRIVE_NOT_READY
- CDS_DISC_OK
- -1 error
-
- error returns:
- ENOSYS Drive can't detect drive status
- EINVAL Slot number beyond capacity of drive
- ENOMEM Out of memory
-
-
-
-
-CDROM_DISC_STATUS Get disc type, etc.
-
- usage:
-
- ioctl(fd, CDROM_DISC_STATUS, 0);
-
- inputs: none
-
- outputs:
- Ioctl return value will be one of the following values
- from <linux/cdrom.h>:
- CDS_NO_INFO
- CDS_AUDIO
- CDS_MIXED
- CDS_XA_2_2
- CDS_XA_2_1
- CDS_DATA_1
-
- error returns: none at present
-
- notes:
- Source code comments state:
-
- Ok, this is where problems start. The current interface for
- the CDROM_DISC_STATUS ioctl is flawed. It makes the false
- assumption that CDs are all CDS_DATA_1 or all CDS_AUDIO, etc.
- Unfortunately, while this is often the case, it is also
- very common for CDs to have some tracks with data, and some
- tracks with audio. Just because I feel like it, I declare
- the following to be the best way to cope. If the CD has
- ANY data tracks on it, it will be returned as a data CD.
- If it has any XA tracks, I will return it as that. Now I
- could simplify this interface by combining these returns with
- the above, but this more clearly demonstrates the problem
- with the current interface. Too bad this wasn't designed
- to use bitmasks... -Erik
-
- Well, now we have the option CDS_MIXED: a mixed-type CD.
- User level programmers might feel the ioctl is not very
- useful.
- ---david
-
-
-
-
-CDROM_CHANGER_NSLOTS Get number of slots
-
- usage:
-
- ioctl(fd, CDROM_CHANGER_NSLOTS, 0);
-
- inputs: none
-
- outputs:
- The ioctl return value will be the number of slots in a
- CD changer. Typically 1 for non-multi-disk devices.
-
- error returns: none
-
-
-
-CDROM_LOCKDOOR lock or unlock door
-
- usage:
-
- int lock;
- ioctl(fd, CDROM_LOCKDOOR, lock);
-
- inputs:
- Door lock flag, 1=lock, 0=unlock
-
- outputs: none
-
- error returns:
- EDRIVE_CANT_DO_THIS Door lock function not supported.
- EBUSY Attempt to unlock when multiple users
- have the drive open and not CAP_SYS_ADMIN
-
- notes:
- As of 2.6.8.1, the lock flag is a global lock, meaning that
- all CD drives will be locked or unlocked together. This is
- probably a bug.
-
- The EDRIVE_CANT_DO_THIS value is defined in <linux/cdrom.h>
- and is currently (2.6.8.1) the same as EOPNOTSUPP
-
-
-
-CDROM_DEBUG Turn debug messages on/off
-
- usage:
-
- int debug;
- ioctl(fd, CDROM_DEBUG, debug);
-
- inputs:
- Cdrom debug flag, 0=disable, 1=enable
-
- outputs:
- The ioctl return value will be the new debug flag.
-
- error return:
- EACCES Access denied: requires CAP_SYS_ADMIN
-
-
-
-CDROM_GET_CAPABILITY get capabilities
-
- usage:
-
- ioctl(fd, CDROM_GET_CAPABILITY, 0);
-
- inputs: none
-
- outputs:
- The ioctl return value is the current device capability
- flags. See CDC_CLOSE_TRAY, CDC_OPEN_TRAY, etc.
-
-
-
-CDROMAUDIOBUFSIZ set the audio buffer size
-
- usage:
-
- int arg;
- ioctl(fd, CDROMAUDIOBUFSIZ, val);
-
- inputs:
- New audio buffer size
-
- outputs:
- The ioctl return value is the new audio buffer size, or -1
- on error.
-
- error return:
- ENOSYS Not supported by this driver.
-
- notes:
- Not supported by all drivers.
-
-
-
-DVD_READ_STRUCT Read structure
-
- usage:
-
- dvd_struct s;
- ioctl(fd, DVD_READ_STRUCT, &s);
-
- inputs:
- dvd_struct structure, containing:
- type specifies the information desired, one of
- DVD_STRUCT_PHYSICAL, DVD_STRUCT_COPYRIGHT,
- DVD_STRUCT_DISCKEY, DVD_STRUCT_BCA,
- DVD_STRUCT_MANUFACT
- physical.layer_num desired layer, indexed from 0
- copyright.layer_num desired layer, indexed from 0
- disckey.agid
-
- outputs:
- dvd_struct structure, containing:
- physical for type == DVD_STRUCT_PHYSICAL
- copyright for type == DVD_STRUCT_COPYRIGHT
- disckey.value for type == DVD_STRUCT_DISCKEY
- bca.{len,value} for type == DVD_STRUCT_BCA
- manufact.{len,valu} for type == DVD_STRUCT_MANUFACT
-
- error returns:
- EINVAL physical.layer_num exceeds number of layers
- EIO Received invalid response from drive
-
-
-
-DVD_WRITE_STRUCT Write structure
-
- Not implemented, as of 2.6.8.1
-
-
-
-DVD_AUTH Authentication
-
- usage:
-
- dvd_authinfo ai;
- ioctl(fd, DVD_AUTH, &ai);
-
- inputs:
- dvd_authinfo structure. See <linux/cdrom.h>
-
- outputs:
- dvd_authinfo structure.
-
- error return:
- ENOTTY ai.type not recognized.
-
-
-
-CDROM_SEND_PACKET send a packet to the drive
-
- usage:
-
- struct cdrom_generic_command cgc;
- ioctl(fd, CDROM_SEND_PACKET, &cgc);
-
- inputs:
- cdrom_generic_command structure containing the packet to send.
-
- outputs: none
- cdrom_generic_command structure containing results.
-
- error return:
- EIO command failed.
- EPERM Operation not permitted, either because a
- write command was attempted on a drive which
- is opened read-only, or because the command
- requires CAP_SYS_RAWIO
- EINVAL cgc.data_direction not set
-
-
-
-CDROM_NEXT_WRITABLE get next writable block
-
- usage:
-
- long next;
- ioctl(fd, CDROM_NEXT_WRITABLE, &next);
-
- inputs: none
-
- outputs:
- The next writable block.
-
- notes:
- If the device does not support this ioctl directly, the
- ioctl will return CDROM_LAST_WRITTEN + 7.
-
-
-
-CDROM_LAST_WRITTEN get last block written on disc
-
- usage:
-
- long last;
- ioctl(fd, CDROM_LAST_WRITTEN, &last);
-
- inputs: none
-
- outputs:
- The last block written on disc
-
- notes:
- If the device does not support this ioctl directly, the
- result is derived from the disc's table of contents. If the
- table of contents can't be read, this ioctl returns an
- error.