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-Kernel driver adm1026
-=====================
-
-Supported chips:
- * Analog Devices ADM1026
- Prefix: 'adm1026'
- Addresses scanned: I2C 0x2c, 0x2d, 0x2e
- Datasheet: Publicly available at the Analog Devices website
- http://www.onsemi.com/PowerSolutions/product.do?id=ADM1026
-
-Authors:
- Philip Pokorny <ppokorny@penguincomputing.com> for Penguin Computing
- Justin Thiessen <jthiessen@penguincomputing.com>
-
-Module Parameters
------------------
-
-* gpio_input: int array (min = 1, max = 17)
- List of GPIO pins (0-16) to program as inputs
-* gpio_output: int array (min = 1, max = 17)
- List of GPIO pins (0-16) to program as outputs
-* gpio_inverted: int array (min = 1, max = 17)
- List of GPIO pins (0-16) to program as inverted
-* gpio_normal: int array (min = 1, max = 17)
- List of GPIO pins (0-16) to program as normal/non-inverted
-* gpio_fan: int array (min = 1, max = 8)
- List of GPIO pins (0-7) to program as fan tachs
-
-
-Description
------------
-
-This driver implements support for the Analog Devices ADM1026. Analog
-Devices calls it a "complete thermal system management controller."
-
-The ADM1026 implements three (3) temperature sensors, 17 voltage sensors,
-16 general purpose digital I/O lines, eight (8) fan speed sensors (8-bit),
-an analog output and a PWM output along with limit, alarm and mask bits for
-all of the above. There is even 8k bytes of EEPROM memory on chip.
-
-Temperatures are measured in degrees Celsius. There are two external
-sensor inputs and one internal sensor. Each sensor has a high and low
-limit. If the limit is exceeded, an interrupt (#SMBALERT) can be
-generated. The interrupts can be masked. In addition, there are over-temp
-limits for each sensor. If this limit is exceeded, the #THERM output will
-be asserted. The current temperature and limits have a resolution of 1
-degree.
-
-Fan rotation speeds are reported in RPM (rotations per minute) but measured
-in counts of a 22.5kHz internal clock. Each fan has a high limit which
-corresponds to a minimum fan speed. If the limit is exceeded, an interrupt
-can be generated. Each fan can be programmed to divide the reference clock
-by 1, 2, 4 or 8. Not all RPM values can accurately be represented, so some
-rounding is done. With a divider of 8, the slowest measurable speed of a
-two pulse per revolution fan is 661 RPM.
-
-There are 17 voltage sensors. An alarm is triggered if the voltage has
-crossed a programmable minimum or maximum limit. Note that minimum in this
-case always means 'closest to zero'; this is important for negative voltage
-measurements. Several inputs have integrated attenuators so they can measure
-higher voltages directly. 3.3V, 5V, 12V, -12V and battery voltage all have
-dedicated inputs. There are several inputs scaled to 0-3V full-scale range
-for SCSI terminator power. The remaining inputs are not scaled and have
-a 0-2.5V full-scale range. A 2.5V or 1.82V reference voltage is provided
-for negative voltage measurements.
-
-If an alarm triggers, it will remain triggered until the hardware register
-is read at least once. This means that the cause for the alarm may already
-have disappeared! Note that in the current implementation, all hardware
-registers are read whenever any data is read (unless it is less than 2.0
-seconds since the last update). This means that you can easily miss
-once-only alarms.
-
-The ADM1026 measures continuously. Analog inputs are measured about 4
-times a second. Fan speed measurement time depends on fan speed and
-divisor. It can take as long as 1.5 seconds to measure all fan speeds.
-
-The ADM1026 has the ability to automatically control fan speed based on the
-temperature sensor inputs. Both the PWM output and the DAC output can be
-used to control fan speed. Usually only one of these two outputs will be
-used. Write the minimum PWM or DAC value to the appropriate control
-register. Then set the low temperature limit in the tmin values for each
-temperature sensor. The range of control is fixed at 20 °C, and the
-largest difference between current and tmin of the temperature sensors sets
-the control output. See the datasheet for several example circuits for
-controlling fan speed with the PWM and DAC outputs. The fan speed sensors
-do not have PWM compensation, so it is probably best to control the fan
-voltage from the power lead rather than on the ground lead.
-
-The datasheet shows an example application with VID signals attached to
-GPIO lines. Unfortunately, the chip may not be connected to the VID lines
-in this way. The driver assumes that the chips *is* connected this way to
-get a VID voltage.