summaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/Documentation/filesystems/sysfs-pci.txt
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/filesystems/sysfs-pci.txt')
-rw-r--r--Documentation/filesystems/sysfs-pci.txt120
1 files changed, 0 insertions, 120 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/sysfs-pci.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/sysfs-pci.txt
deleted file mode 100644
index 74eaac2..0000000
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/sysfs-pci.txt
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,120 +0,0 @@
-Accessing PCI device resources through sysfs
---------------------------------------------
-
-sysfs, usually mounted at /sys, provides access to PCI resources on platforms
-that support it. For example, a given bus might look like this:
-
- /sys/devices/pci0000:17
- |-- 0000:17:00.0
- | |-- class
- | |-- config
- | |-- device
- | |-- enable
- | |-- irq
- | |-- local_cpus
- | |-- remove
- | |-- resource
- | |-- resource0
- | |-- resource1
- | |-- resource2
- | |-- rom
- | |-- subsystem_device
- | |-- subsystem_vendor
- | `-- vendor
- `-- ...
-
-The topmost element describes the PCI domain and bus number. In this case,
-the domain number is 0000 and the bus number is 17 (both values are in hex).
-This bus contains a single function device in slot 0. The domain and bus
-numbers are reproduced for convenience. Under the device directory are several
-files, each with their own function.
-
- file function
- ---- --------
- class PCI class (ascii, ro)
- config PCI config space (binary, rw)
- device PCI device (ascii, ro)
- enable Whether the device is enabled (ascii, rw)
- irq IRQ number (ascii, ro)
- local_cpus nearby CPU mask (cpumask, ro)
- remove remove device from kernel's list (ascii, wo)
- resource PCI resource host addresses (ascii, ro)
- resource0..N PCI resource N, if present (binary, mmap, rw[1])
- resource0_wc..N_wc PCI WC map resource N, if prefetchable (binary, mmap)
- rom PCI ROM resource, if present (binary, ro)
- subsystem_device PCI subsystem device (ascii, ro)
- subsystem_vendor PCI subsystem vendor (ascii, ro)
- vendor PCI vendor (ascii, ro)
-
- ro - read only file
- rw - file is readable and writable
- wo - write only file
- mmap - file is mmapable
- ascii - file contains ascii text
- binary - file contains binary data
- cpumask - file contains a cpumask type
-
-[1] rw for RESOURCE_IO (I/O port) regions only
-
-The read only files are informational, writes to them will be ignored, with
-the exception of the 'rom' file. Writable files can be used to perform
-actions on the device (e.g. changing config space, detaching a device).
-mmapable files are available via an mmap of the file at offset 0 and can be
-used to do actual device programming from userspace. Note that some platforms
-don't support mmapping of certain resources, so be sure to check the return
-value from any attempted mmap. The most notable of these are I/O port
-resources, which also provide read/write access.
-
-The 'enable' file provides a counter that indicates how many times the device
-has been enabled. If the 'enable' file currently returns '4', and a '1' is
-echoed into it, it will then return '5'. Echoing a '0' into it will decrease
-the count. Even when it returns to 0, though, some of the initialisation
-may not be reversed.
-
-The 'rom' file is special in that it provides read-only access to the device's
-ROM file, if available. It's disabled by default, however, so applications
-should write the string "1" to the file to enable it before attempting a read
-call, and disable it following the access by writing "0" to the file. Note
-that the device must be enabled for a rom read to return data successfully.
-In the event a driver is not bound to the device, it can be enabled using the
-'enable' file, documented above.
-
-The 'remove' file is used to remove the PCI device, by writing a non-zero
-integer to the file. This does not involve any kind of hot-plug functionality,
-e.g. powering off the device. The device is removed from the kernel's list of
-PCI devices, the sysfs directory for it is removed, and the device will be
-removed from any drivers attached to it. Removal of PCI root buses is
-disallowed.
-
-Accessing legacy resources through sysfs
-----------------------------------------
-
-Legacy I/O port and ISA memory resources are also provided in sysfs if the
-underlying platform supports them. They're located in the PCI class hierarchy,
-e.g.
-
- /sys/class/pci_bus/0000:17/
- |-- bridge -> ../../../devices/pci0000:17
- |-- cpuaffinity
- |-- legacy_io
- `-- legacy_mem
-
-The legacy_io file is a read/write file that can be used by applications to
-do legacy port I/O. The application should open the file, seek to the desired
-port (e.g. 0x3e8) and do a read or a write of 1, 2 or 4 bytes. The legacy_mem
-file should be mmapped with an offset corresponding to the memory offset
-desired, e.g. 0xa0000 for the VGA frame buffer. The application can then
-simply dereference the returned pointer (after checking for errors of course)
-to access legacy memory space.
-
-Supporting PCI access on new platforms
---------------------------------------
-
-In order to support PCI resource mapping as described above, Linux platform
-code must define HAVE_PCI_MMAP and provide a pci_mmap_page_range function.
-Platforms are free to only support subsets of the mmap functionality, but
-useful return codes should be provided.
-
-Legacy resources are protected by the HAVE_PCI_LEGACY define. Platforms
-wishing to support legacy functionality should define it and provide
-pci_legacy_read, pci_legacy_write and pci_mmap_legacy_page_range functions.