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-Overview of Amiga Filesystems
-=============================
-
-Not all varieties of the Amiga filesystems are supported for reading and
-writing. The Amiga currently knows six different filesystems:
-
-DOS\0 The old or original filesystem, not really suited for
- hard disks and normally not used on them, either.
- Supported read/write.
-
-DOS\1 The original Fast File System. Supported read/write.
-
-DOS\2 The old "international" filesystem. International means that
- a bug has been fixed so that accented ("international") letters
- in file names are case-insensitive, as they ought to be.
- Supported read/write.
-
-DOS\3 The "international" Fast File System. Supported read/write.
-
-DOS\4 The original filesystem with directory cache. The directory
- cache speeds up directory accesses on floppies considerably,
- but slows down file creation/deletion. Doesn't make much
- sense on hard disks. Supported read only.
-
-DOS\5 The Fast File System with directory cache. Supported read only.
-
-All of the above filesystems allow block sizes from 512 to 32K bytes.
-Supported block sizes are: 512, 1024, 2048 and 4096 bytes. Larger blocks
-speed up almost everything at the expense of wasted disk space. The speed
-gain above 4K seems not really worth the price, so you don't lose too
-much here, either.
-
-The muFS (multi user File System) equivalents of the above file systems
-are supported, too.
-
-Mount options for the AFFS
-==========================
-
-protect If this option is set, the protection bits cannot be altered.
-
-setuid[=uid] This sets the owner of all files and directories in the file
- system to uid or the uid of the current user, respectively.
-
-setgid[=gid] Same as above, but for gid.
-
-mode=mode Sets the mode flags to the given (octal) value, regardless
- of the original permissions. Directories will get an x
- permission if the corresponding r bit is set.
- This is useful since most of the plain AmigaOS files
- will map to 600.
-
-reserved=num Sets the number of reserved blocks at the start of the
- partition to num. You should never need this option.
- Default is 2.
-
-root=block Sets the block number of the root block. This should never
- be necessary.
-
-bs=blksize Sets the blocksize to blksize. Valid block sizes are 512,
- 1024, 2048 and 4096. Like the root option, this should
- never be necessary, as the affs can figure it out itself.
-
-quiet The file system will not return an error for disallowed
- mode changes.
-
-verbose The volume name, file system type and block size will
- be written to the syslog when the filesystem is mounted.
-
-mufs The filesystem is really a muFS, also it doesn't
- identify itself as one. This option is necessary if
- the filesystem wasn't formatted as muFS, but is used
- as one.
-
-prefix=path Path will be prefixed to every absolute path name of
- symbolic links on an AFFS partition. Default = "/".
- (See below.)
-
-volume=name When symbolic links with an absolute path are created
- on an AFFS partition, name will be prepended as the
- volume name. Default = "" (empty string).
- (See below.)
-
-Handling of the Users/Groups and protection flags
-=================================================
-
-Amiga -> Linux:
-
-The Amiga protection flags RWEDRWEDHSPARWED are handled as follows:
-
- - R maps to r for user, group and others. On directories, R implies x.
-
- - If both W and D are allowed, w will be set.
-
- - E maps to x.
-
- - H and P are always retained and ignored under Linux.
-
- - A is always reset when a file is written to.
-
-User id and group id will be used unless set[gu]id are given as mount
-options. Since most of the Amiga file systems are single user systems
-they will be owned by root. The root directory (the mount point) of the
-Amiga filesystem will be owned by the user who actually mounts the
-filesystem (the root directory doesn't have uid/gid fields).
-
-Linux -> Amiga:
-
-The Linux rwxrwxrwx file mode is handled as follows:
-
- - r permission will set R for user, group and others.
-
- - w permission will set W and D for user, group and others.
-
- - x permission of the user will set E for plain files.
-
- - All other flags (suid, sgid, ...) are ignored and will
- not be retained.
-
-Newly created files and directories will get the user and group ID
-of the current user and a mode according to the umask.
-
-Symbolic links
-==============
-
-Although the Amiga and Linux file systems resemble each other, there
-are some, not always subtle, differences. One of them becomes apparent
-with symbolic links. While Linux has a file system with exactly one
-root directory, the Amiga has a separate root directory for each
-file system (for example, partition, floppy disk, ...). With the Amiga,
-these entities are called "volumes". They have symbolic names which
-can be used to access them. Thus, symbolic links can point to a
-different volume. AFFS turns the volume name into a directory name
-and prepends the prefix path (see prefix option) to it.
-
-Example:
-You mount all your Amiga partitions under /amiga/<volume> (where
-<volume> is the name of the volume), and you give the option
-"prefix=/amiga/" when mounting all your AFFS partitions. (They
-might be "User", "WB" and "Graphics", the mount points /amiga/User,
-/amiga/WB and /amiga/Graphics). A symbolic link referring to
-"User:sc/include/dos/dos.h" will be followed to
-"/amiga/User/sc/include/dos/dos.h".
-
-Examples
-========
-
-Command line:
- mount Archive/Amiga/Workbench3.1.adf /mnt -t affs -o loop,verbose
- mount /dev/sda3 /Amiga -t affs
-
-/etc/fstab entry:
- /dev/sdb5 /amiga/Workbench affs noauto,user,exec,verbose 0 0
-
-IMPORTANT NOTE
-==============
-
-If you boot Windows 95 (don't know about 3.x, 98 and NT) while you
-have an Amiga harddisk connected to your PC, it will overwrite
-the bytes 0x00dc..0x00df of block 0 with garbage, thus invalidating
-the Rigid Disk Block. Sheer luck has it that this is an unused
-area of the RDB, so only the checksum doesn't match anymore.
-Linux will ignore this garbage and recognize the RDB anyway, but
-before you connect that drive to your Amiga again, you must
-restore or repair your RDB. So please do make a backup copy of it
-before booting Windows!
-
-If the damage is already done, the following should fix the RDB
-(where <disk> is the device name).
-DO AT YOUR OWN RISK:
-
- dd if=/dev/<disk> of=rdb.tmp count=1
- cp rdb.tmp rdb.fixed
- dd if=/dev/zero of=rdb.fixed bs=1 seek=220 count=4
- dd if=rdb.fixed of=/dev/<disk>
-
-Bugs, Restrictions, Caveats
-===========================
-
-Quite a few things may not work as advertised. Not everything is
-tested, though several hundred MB have been read and written using
-this fs. For a most up-to-date list of bugs please consult
-fs/affs/Changes.
-
-Filenames are truncated to 30 characters without warning (this
-can be changed by setting the compile-time option AFFS_NO_TRUNCATE
-in include/linux/amigaffs.h).
-
-Case is ignored by the affs in filename matching, but Linux shells
-do care about the case. Example (with /wb being an affs mounted fs):
- rm /wb/WRONGCASE
-will remove /mnt/wrongcase, but
- rm /wb/WR*
-will not since the names are matched by the shell.
-
-The block allocation is designed for hard disk partitions. If more
-than 1 process writes to a (small) diskette, the blocks are allocated
-in an ugly way (but the real AFFS doesn't do much better). This
-is also true when space gets tight.
-
-You cannot execute programs on an OFS (Old File System), since the
-program files cannot be memory mapped due to the 488 byte blocks.
-For the same reason you cannot mount an image on such a filesystem
-via the loopback device.
-
-The bitmap valid flag in the root block may not be accurate when the
-system crashes while an affs partition is mounted. There's currently
-no way to fix a garbled filesystem without an Amiga (disk validator)
-or manually (who would do this?). Maybe later.
-
-If you mount affs partitions on system startup, you may want to tell
-fsck that the fs should not be checked (place a '0' in the sixth field
-of /etc/fstab).
-
-It's not possible to read floppy disks with a normal PC or workstation
-due to an incompatibility with the Amiga floppy controller.
-
-If you are interested in an Amiga Emulator for Linux, look at
-
-http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.freiburg.linux.de/~uae/