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-Network priority cgroup
--------------------------
-
-The Network priority cgroup provides an interface to allow an administrator to
-dynamically set the priority of network traffic generated by various
-applications
-
-Nominally, an application would set the priority of its traffic via the
-SO_PRIORITY socket option. This however, is not always possible because:
-
-1) The application may not have been coded to set this value
-2) The priority of application traffic is often a site-specific administrative
- decision rather than an application defined one.
-
-This cgroup allows an administrator to assign a process to a group which defines
-the priority of egress traffic on a given interface. Network priority groups can
-be created by first mounting the cgroup filesystem.
-
-# mount -t cgroup -onet_prio none /sys/fs/cgroup/net_prio
-
-With the above step, the initial group acting as the parent accounting group
-becomes visible at '/sys/fs/cgroup/net_prio'. This group includes all tasks in
-the system. '/sys/fs/cgroup/net_prio/tasks' lists the tasks in this cgroup.
-
-Each net_prio cgroup contains two files that are subsystem specific
-
-net_prio.prioidx
-This file is read-only, and is simply informative. It contains a unique integer
-value that the kernel uses as an internal representation of this cgroup.
-
-net_prio.ifpriomap
-This file contains a map of the priorities assigned to traffic originating from
-processes in this group and egressing the system on various interfaces. It
-contains a list of tuples in the form <ifname priority>. Contents of this file
-can be modified by echoing a string into the file using the same tuple format.
-for example:
-
-echo "eth0 5" > /sys/fs/cgroups/net_prio/iscsi/net_prio.ifpriomap
-
-This command would force any traffic originating from processes belonging to the
-iscsi net_prio cgroup and egressing on interface eth0 to have the priority of
-said traffic set to the value 5. The parent accounting group also has a
-writeable 'net_prio.ifpriomap' file that can be used to set a system default
-priority.
-
-Priorities are set immediately prior to queueing a frame to the device
-queueing discipline (qdisc) so priorities will be assigned prior to the hardware
-queue selection being made.
-
-One usage for the net_prio cgroup is with mqprio qdisc allowing application
-traffic to be steered to hardware/driver based traffic classes. These mappings
-can then be managed by administrators or other networking protocols such as
-DCBX.