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-POW{cond}<S|D|E>{P,M,Z} Fd, Fn, <Fm,#value> - power
-RPW{cond}<S|D|E>{P,M,Z} Fd, Fn, <Fm,#value> - reverse power
-POL{cond}<S|D|E>{P,M,Z} Fd, Fn, <Fm,#value> - polar angle (arctan2)
-LOG{cond}<S|D|E>{P,M,Z} Fd, <Fm,#value> - logarithm to base 10
-LGN{cond}<S|D|E>{P,M,Z} Fd, <Fm,#value> - logarithm to base e
-EXP{cond}<S|D|E>{P,M,Z} Fd, <Fm,#value> - exponent
-SIN{cond}<S|D|E>{P,M,Z} Fd, <Fm,#value> - sine
-COS{cond}<S|D|E>{P,M,Z} Fd, <Fm,#value> - cosine
-TAN{cond}<S|D|E>{P,M,Z} Fd, <Fm,#value> - tangent
-ASN{cond}<S|D|E>{P,M,Z} Fd, <Fm,#value> - arcsine
-ACS{cond}<S|D|E>{P,M,Z} Fd, <Fm,#value> - arccosine
-ATN{cond}<S|D|E>{P,M,Z} Fd, <Fm,#value> - arctangent
-These are not implemented. They are not currently issued by the compiler,
-and are handled by routines in libc. These are not implemented by the FPA11
-hardware, but are handled by the floating point support code. They should
-be implemented in future versions.
-There are a couple of ways to approach the implementation of these. One
-method would be to use accurate table methods for these routines. I have
-a couple of papers by S. Gal from IBM's research labs in Haifa, Israel that
-seem to promise extreme accuracy (in the order of 99.8%) and reasonable speed.
-These methods are used in GLIBC for some of the transcendental functions.
-Another approach, which I know little about is CORDIC. This stands for
-Coordinate Rotation Digital Computer, and is a method of computing
-transcendental functions using mostly shifts and adds and a few
-multiplications and divisions. The ARM excels at shifts and adds,
-so such a method could be promising, but requires more research to
-determine if it is feasible.
-Rounding Methods
-The IEEE standard defines 4 rounding modes. Round to nearest is the
-default, but rounding to + or - infinity or round to zero are also allowed.
-Many architectures allow the rounding mode to be specified by modifying bits
-in a control register. Not so with the ARM FPA11 architecture. To change
-the rounding mode one must specify it with each instruction.
-This has made porting some benchmarks difficult. It is possible to
-introduce such a capability into the emulator. The FPCR contains
-bits describing the rounding mode. The emulator could be altered to
-examine a flag, which if set forced it to ignore the rounding mode in
-the instruction, and use the mode specified in the bits in the FPCR.
-This would require a method of getting/setting the flag, and the bits
-in the FPCR. This requires a kernel call in ArmLinux, as WFC/RFC are
-supervisor only instructions. If anyone has any ideas or comments I
-would like to hear them.
-[NOTE: pulled out from some docs on ARM floating point, specifically
- for the Acorn FPE, but not limited to it:
- The floating point control register (FPCR) may only be present in some
- implementations: it is there to control the hardware in an implementation-
- specific manner, for example to disable the floating point system. The user
- mode of the ARM is not permitted to use this register (since the right is
- reserved to alter it between implementations) and the WFC and RFC
- instructions will trap if tried in user mode.
- Hence, the answer is yes, you could do this, but then you will run a high
- risk of becoming isolated if and when hardware FP emulation comes out
- -- Russell].