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- <title>Changes</title>
-
- <para>The following chapters document the evolution of the V4L2 API,
-errata or extensions. They are also intended to help application and
-driver writers to port or update their code.</para>
-
- <section id="diff-v4l">
- <title>Differences between V4L and V4L2</title>
-
- <para>The Video For Linux API was first introduced in Linux 2.1 to
-unify and replace various TV and radio device related interfaces,
-developed independently by driver writers in prior years. Starting
-with Linux 2.5 the much improved V4L2 API replaces the V4L API.
-The support for the old V4L calls were removed from Kernel, but the
-library <xref linkend="libv4l" /> supports the conversion of a V4L
-API system call into a V4L2 one.</para>
-
- <section>
- <title>Opening and Closing Devices</title>
-
- <para>For compatibility reasons the character device file names
-recommended for V4L2 video capture, overlay, radio and raw
-vbi capture devices did not change from those used by V4L. They are
-listed in <xref linkend="devices" /> and below in <xref
- linkend="v4l-dev" />.</para>
-
- <para>The teletext devices (minor range 192-223) have been removed in
-V4L2 and no longer exist. There is no hardware available anymore for handling
-pure teletext. Instead raw or sliced VBI is used.</para>
-
- <para>The V4L <filename>videodev</filename> module automatically
-assigns minor numbers to drivers in load order, depending on the
-registered device type. We recommend that V4L2 drivers by default
-register devices with the same numbers, but the system administrator
-can assign arbitrary minor numbers using driver module options. The
-major device number remains 81.</para>
-
- <table id="v4l-dev">
- <title>V4L Device Types, Names and Numbers</title>
- <tgroup cols="3">
- <thead>
- <row>
- <entry>Device Type</entry>
- <entry>File Name</entry>
- <entry>Minor Numbers</entry>
- </row>
- </thead>
- <tbody valign="top">
- <row>
- <entry>Video capture and overlay</entry>
- <entry><para><filename>/dev/video</filename> and
-<filename>/dev/bttv0</filename><footnote> <para>According to
-Documentation/devices.txt these should be symbolic links to
-<filename>/dev/video0</filename>. Note the original bttv interface is
-not compatible with V4L or V4L2.</para> </footnote>,
-<filename>/dev/video0</filename> to
-<filename>/dev/video63</filename></para></entry>
- <entry>0-63</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry>Radio receiver</entry>
- <entry><para><filename>/dev/radio</filename><footnote>
- <para>According to
-<filename>Documentation/devices.txt</filename> a symbolic link to
-<filename>/dev/radio0</filename>.</para>
- </footnote>, <filename>/dev/radio0</filename> to
-<filename>/dev/radio63</filename></para></entry>
- <entry>64-127</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry>Raw VBI capture</entry>
- <entry><para><filename>/dev/vbi</filename>,
-<filename>/dev/vbi0</filename> to
-<filename>/dev/vbi31</filename></para></entry>
- <entry>224-255</entry>
- </row>
- </tbody>
- </tgroup>
- </table>
-
- <para>V4L prohibits (or used to prohibit) multiple opens of a
-device file. V4L2 drivers <emphasis>may</emphasis> support multiple
-opens, see <xref linkend="open" /> for details and consequences.</para>
-
- <para>V4L drivers respond to V4L2 ioctls with an &EINVAL;.</para>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>Querying Capabilities</title>
-
- <para>The V4L <constant>VIDIOCGCAP</constant> ioctl is
-equivalent to V4L2's &VIDIOC-QUERYCAP;.</para>
-
- <para>The <structfield>name</structfield> field in struct
-<structname>video_capability</structname> became
-<structfield>card</structfield> in &v4l2-capability;,
-<structfield>type</structfield> was replaced by
-<structfield>capabilities</structfield>. Note V4L2 does not
-distinguish between device types like this, better think of basic
-video input, video output and radio devices supporting a set of
-related functions like video capturing, video overlay and VBI
-capturing. See <xref linkend="open" /> for an
-introduction.<informaltable>
- <tgroup cols="3">
- <thead>
- <row>
- <entry>struct
-<structname>video_capability</structname>
-<structfield>type</structfield></entry>
- <entry>&v4l2-capability;
-<structfield>capabilities</structfield> flags</entry>
- <entry>Purpose</entry>
- </row>
- </thead>
- <tbody valign="top">
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VID_TYPE_CAPTURE</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_CAP_VIDEO_CAPTURE</constant></entry>
- <entry>The <link linkend="capture">video
-capture</link> interface is supported.</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VID_TYPE_TUNER</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_CAP_TUNER</constant></entry>
- <entry>The device has a <link linkend="tuner">tuner or
-modulator</link>.</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VID_TYPE_TELETEXT</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_CAP_VBI_CAPTURE</constant></entry>
- <entry>The <link linkend="raw-vbi">raw VBI
-capture</link> interface is supported.</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VID_TYPE_OVERLAY</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_CAP_VIDEO_OVERLAY</constant></entry>
- <entry>The <link linkend="overlay">video
-overlay</link> interface is supported.</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VID_TYPE_CHROMAKEY</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_FBUF_CAP_CHROMAKEY</constant> in
-field <structfield>capability</structfield> of
-&v4l2-framebuffer;</entry>
- <entry>Whether chromakey overlay is supported. For
-more information on overlay see
-<xref linkend="overlay" />.</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VID_TYPE_CLIPPING</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_FBUF_CAP_LIST_CLIPPING</constant>
-and <constant>V4L2_FBUF_CAP_BITMAP_CLIPPING</constant> in field
-<structfield>capability</structfield> of &v4l2-framebuffer;</entry>
- <entry>Whether clipping the overlaid image is
-supported, see <xref linkend="overlay" />.</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VID_TYPE_FRAMERAM</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_FBUF_CAP_EXTERNOVERLAY</constant>
-<emphasis>not set</emphasis> in field
-<structfield>capability</structfield> of &v4l2-framebuffer;</entry>
- <entry>Whether overlay overwrites frame buffer memory,
-see <xref linkend="overlay" />.</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VID_TYPE_SCALES</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>-</constant></entry>
- <entry>This flag indicates if the hardware can scale
-images. The V4L2 API implies the scale factor by setting the cropping
-dimensions and image size with the &VIDIOC-S-CROP; and &VIDIOC-S-FMT;
-ioctl, respectively. The driver returns the closest sizes possible.
-For more information on cropping and scaling see <xref
- linkend="crop" />.</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VID_TYPE_MONOCHROME</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>-</constant></entry>
- <entry>Applications can enumerate the supported image
-formats with the &VIDIOC-ENUM-FMT; ioctl to determine if the device
-supports grey scale capturing only. For more information on image
-formats see <xref linkend="pixfmt" />.</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VID_TYPE_SUBCAPTURE</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>-</constant></entry>
- <entry>Applications can call the &VIDIOC-G-CROP; ioctl
-to determine if the device supports capturing a subsection of the full
-picture ("cropping" in V4L2). If not, the ioctl returns the &EINVAL;.
-For more information on cropping and scaling see <xref
- linkend="crop" />.</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VID_TYPE_MPEG_DECODER</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>-</constant></entry>
- <entry>Applications can enumerate the supported image
-formats with the &VIDIOC-ENUM-FMT; ioctl to determine if the device
-supports MPEG streams.</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VID_TYPE_MPEG_ENCODER</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>-</constant></entry>
- <entry>See above.</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VID_TYPE_MJPEG_DECODER</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>-</constant></entry>
- <entry>See above.</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VID_TYPE_MJPEG_ENCODER</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>-</constant></entry>
- <entry>See above.</entry>
- </row>
- </tbody>
- </tgroup>
- </informaltable></para>
-
- <para>The <structfield>audios</structfield> field was replaced
-by <structfield>capabilities</structfield> flag
-<constant>V4L2_CAP_AUDIO</constant>, indicating
-<emphasis>if</emphasis> the device has any audio inputs or outputs. To
-determine their number applications can enumerate audio inputs with
-the &VIDIOC-G-AUDIO; ioctl. The audio ioctls are described in <xref
- linkend="audio" />.</para>
-
- <para>The <structfield>maxwidth</structfield>,
-<structfield>maxheight</structfield>,
-<structfield>minwidth</structfield> and
-<structfield>minheight</structfield> fields were removed. Calling the
-&VIDIOC-S-FMT; or &VIDIOC-TRY-FMT; ioctl with the desired dimensions
-returns the closest size possible, taking into account the current
-video standard, cropping and scaling limitations.</para>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>Video Sources</title>
-
- <para>V4L provides the <constant>VIDIOCGCHAN</constant> and
-<constant>VIDIOCSCHAN</constant> ioctl using struct
-<structname>video_channel</structname> to enumerate
-the video inputs of a V4L device. The equivalent V4L2 ioctls
-are &VIDIOC-ENUMINPUT;, &VIDIOC-G-INPUT; and &VIDIOC-S-INPUT;
-using &v4l2-input; as discussed in <xref linkend="video" />.</para>
-
- <para>The <structfield>channel</structfield> field counting
-inputs was renamed to <structfield>index</structfield>, the video
-input types were renamed as follows: <informaltable>
- <tgroup cols="2">
- <thead>
- <row>
- <entry>struct <structname>video_channel</structname>
-<structfield>type</structfield></entry>
- <entry>&v4l2-input;
-<structfield>type</structfield></entry>
- </row>
- </thead>
- <tbody valign="top">
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VIDEO_TYPE_TV</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_INPUT_TYPE_TUNER</constant></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VIDEO_TYPE_CAMERA</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_INPUT_TYPE_CAMERA</constant></entry>
- </row>
- </tbody>
- </tgroup>
- </informaltable></para>
-
- <para>Unlike the <structfield>tuners</structfield> field
-expressing the number of tuners of this input, V4L2 assumes each video
-input is connected to at most one tuner. However a tuner can have more
-than one input, &ie; RF connectors, and a device can have multiple
-tuners. The index number of the tuner associated with the input, if
-any, is stored in field <structfield>tuner</structfield> of
-&v4l2-input;. Enumeration of tuners is discussed in <xref
- linkend="tuner" />.</para>
-
- <para>The redundant <constant>VIDEO_VC_TUNER</constant> flag was
-dropped. Video inputs associated with a tuner are of type
-<constant>V4L2_INPUT_TYPE_TUNER</constant>. The
-<constant>VIDEO_VC_AUDIO</constant> flag was replaced by the
-<structfield>audioset</structfield> field. V4L2 considers devices with
-up to 32 audio inputs. Each set bit in the
-<structfield>audioset</structfield> field represents one audio input
-this video input combines with. For information about audio inputs and
-how to switch between them see <xref linkend="audio" />.</para>
-
- <para>The <structfield>norm</structfield> field describing the
-supported video standards was replaced by
-<structfield>std</structfield>. The V4L specification mentions a flag
-<constant>VIDEO_VC_NORM</constant> indicating whether the standard can
-be changed. This flag was a later addition together with the
-<structfield>norm</structfield> field and has been removed in the
-meantime. V4L2 has a similar, albeit more comprehensive approach
-to video standards, see <xref linkend="standard" /> for more
-information.</para>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>Tuning</title>
-
- <para>The V4L <constant>VIDIOCGTUNER</constant> and
-<constant>VIDIOCSTUNER</constant> ioctl and struct
-<structname>video_tuner</structname> can be used to enumerate the
-tuners of a V4L TV or radio device. The equivalent V4L2 ioctls are
-&VIDIOC-G-TUNER; and &VIDIOC-S-TUNER; using &v4l2-tuner;. Tuners are
-covered in <xref linkend="tuner" />.</para>
-
- <para>The <structfield>tuner</structfield> field counting tuners
-was renamed to <structfield>index</structfield>. The fields
-<structfield>name</structfield>, <structfield>rangelow</structfield>
-and <structfield>rangehigh</structfield> remained unchanged.</para>
-
- <para>The <constant>VIDEO_TUNER_PAL</constant>,
-<constant>VIDEO_TUNER_NTSC</constant> and
-<constant>VIDEO_TUNER_SECAM</constant> flags indicating the supported
-video standards were dropped. This information is now contained in the
-associated &v4l2-input;. No replacement exists for the
-<constant>VIDEO_TUNER_NORM</constant> flag indicating whether the
-video standard can be switched. The <structfield>mode</structfield>
-field to select a different video standard was replaced by a whole new
-set of ioctls and structures described in <xref linkend="standard" />.
-Due to its ubiquity it should be mentioned the BTTV driver supports
-several standards in addition to the regular
-<constant>VIDEO_MODE_PAL</constant> (0),
-<constant>VIDEO_MODE_NTSC</constant>,
-<constant>VIDEO_MODE_SECAM</constant> and
-<constant>VIDEO_MODE_AUTO</constant> (3). Namely N/PAL Argentina,
-M/PAL, N/PAL, and NTSC Japan with numbers 3-6 (sic).</para>
-
- <para>The <constant>VIDEO_TUNER_STEREO_ON</constant> flag
-indicating stereo reception became
-<constant>V4L2_TUNER_SUB_STEREO</constant> in field
-<structfield>rxsubchans</structfield>. This field also permits the
-detection of monaural and bilingual audio, see the definition of
-&v4l2-tuner; for details. Presently no replacement exists for the
-<constant>VIDEO_TUNER_RDS_ON</constant> and
-<constant>VIDEO_TUNER_MBS_ON</constant> flags.</para>
-
- <para> The <constant>VIDEO_TUNER_LOW</constant> flag was renamed
-to <constant>V4L2_TUNER_CAP_LOW</constant> in the &v4l2-tuner;
-<structfield>capability</structfield> field.</para>
-
- <para>The <constant>VIDIOCGFREQ</constant> and
-<constant>VIDIOCSFREQ</constant> ioctl to change the tuner frequency
-where renamed to &VIDIOC-G-FREQUENCY; and &VIDIOC-S-FREQUENCY;. They
-take a pointer to a &v4l2-frequency; instead of an unsigned long
-integer.</para>
- </section>
-
- <section id="v4l-image-properties">
- <title>Image Properties</title>
-
- <para>V4L2 has no equivalent of the
-<constant>VIDIOCGPICT</constant> and <constant>VIDIOCSPICT</constant>
-ioctl and struct <structname>video_picture</structname>. The following
-fields where replaced by V4L2 controls accessible with the
-&VIDIOC-QUERYCTRL;, &VIDIOC-G-CTRL; and &VIDIOC-S-CTRL; ioctls:<informaltable>
- <tgroup cols="2">
- <thead>
- <row>
- <entry>struct <structname>video_picture</structname></entry>
- <entry>V4L2 Control ID</entry>
- </row>
- </thead>
- <tbody valign="top">
- <row>
- <entry><structfield>brightness</structfield></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_CID_BRIGHTNESS</constant></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><structfield>hue</structfield></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_CID_HUE</constant></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><structfield>colour</structfield></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_CID_SATURATION</constant></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><structfield>contrast</structfield></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_CID_CONTRAST</constant></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><structfield>whiteness</structfield></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_CID_WHITENESS</constant></entry>
- </row>
- </tbody>
- </tgroup>
- </informaltable></para>
-
- <para>The V4L picture controls are assumed to range from 0 to
-65535 with no particular reset value. The V4L2 API permits arbitrary
-limits and defaults which can be queried with the &VIDIOC-QUERYCTRL;
-ioctl. For general information about controls see <xref
-linkend="control" />.</para>
-
- <para>The <structfield>depth</structfield> (average number of
-bits per pixel) of a video image is implied by the selected image
-format. V4L2 does not explicitely provide such information assuming
-applications recognizing the format are aware of the image depth and
-others need not know. The <structfield>palette</structfield> field
-moved into the &v4l2-pix-format;:<informaltable>
- <tgroup cols="2">
- <thead>
- <row>
- <entry>struct <structname>video_picture</structname>
-<structfield>palette</structfield></entry>
- <entry>&v4l2-pix-format;
-<structfield>pixfmt</structfield></entry>
- </row>
- </thead>
- <tbody valign="top">
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VIDEO_PALETTE_GREY</constant></entry>
- <entry><para><link
-linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-GREY"><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_GREY</constant></link></para></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VIDEO_PALETTE_HI240</constant></entry>
- <entry><para><link
-linkend="pixfmt-reserved"><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_HI240</constant></link><footnote>
- <para>This is a custom format used by the BTTV
-driver, not one of the V4L2 standard formats.</para>
- </footnote></para></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VIDEO_PALETTE_RGB565</constant></entry>
- <entry><para><link
-linkend="pixfmt-rgb"><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_RGB565</constant></link></para></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VIDEO_PALETTE_RGB555</constant></entry>
- <entry><para><link
-linkend="pixfmt-rgb"><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_RGB555</constant></link></para></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VIDEO_PALETTE_RGB24</constant></entry>
- <entry><para><link
-linkend="pixfmt-rgb"><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_BGR24</constant></link></para></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VIDEO_PALETTE_RGB32</constant></entry>
- <entry><para><link
-linkend="pixfmt-rgb"><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_BGR32</constant></link><footnote>
- <para>Presumably all V4L RGB formats are
-little-endian, although some drivers might interpret them according to machine endianness. V4L2 defines little-endian, big-endian and red/blue
-swapped variants. For details see <xref linkend="pixfmt-rgb" />.</para>
- </footnote></para></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VIDEO_PALETTE_YUV422</constant></entry>
- <entry><para><link
-linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-YUYV"><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_YUYV</constant></link></para></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><para><constant>VIDEO_PALETTE_YUYV</constant><footnote>
- <para><constant>VIDEO_PALETTE_YUV422</constant>
-and <constant>VIDEO_PALETTE_YUYV</constant> are the same formats. Some
-V4L drivers respond to one, some to the other.</para>
- </footnote></para></entry>
- <entry><para><link
-linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-YUYV"><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_YUYV</constant></link></para></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VIDEO_PALETTE_UYVY</constant></entry>
- <entry><para><link
-linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-UYVY"><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_UYVY</constant></link></para></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VIDEO_PALETTE_YUV420</constant></entry>
- <entry>None</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VIDEO_PALETTE_YUV411</constant></entry>
- <entry><para><link
-linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-Y41P"><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_Y41P</constant></link><footnote>
- <para>Not to be confused with
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_YUV411P</constant>, which is a planar
-format.</para> </footnote></para></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VIDEO_PALETTE_RAW</constant></entry>
- <entry><para>None<footnote> <para>V4L explains this
-as: "RAW capture (BT848)"</para> </footnote></para></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VIDEO_PALETTE_YUV422P</constant></entry>
- <entry><para><link
-linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-YUV422P"><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_YUV422P</constant></link></para></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VIDEO_PALETTE_YUV411P</constant></entry>
- <entry><para><link
-linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-YUV411P"><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_YUV411P</constant></link><footnote>
- <para>Not to be confused with
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_Y41P</constant>, which is a packed
-format.</para> </footnote></para></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VIDEO_PALETTE_YUV420P</constant></entry>
- <entry><para><link
-linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-YVU420"><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_YVU420</constant></link></para></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>VIDEO_PALETTE_YUV410P</constant></entry>
- <entry><para><link
-linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-YVU410"><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_YVU410</constant></link></para></entry>
- </row>
- </tbody>
- </tgroup>
- </informaltable></para>
-
- <para>V4L2 image formats are defined in <xref
-linkend="pixfmt" />. The image format can be selected with the
-&VIDIOC-S-FMT; ioctl.</para>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>Audio</title>
-
- <para>The <constant>VIDIOCGAUDIO</constant> and
-<constant>VIDIOCSAUDIO</constant> ioctl and struct
-<structname>video_audio</structname> are used to enumerate the
-audio inputs of a V4L device. The equivalent V4L2 ioctls are
-&VIDIOC-G-AUDIO; and &VIDIOC-S-AUDIO; using &v4l2-audio; as
-discussed in <xref linkend="audio" />.</para>
-
- <para>The <structfield>audio</structfield> "channel number"
-field counting audio inputs was renamed to
-<structfield>index</structfield>.</para>
-
- <para>On <constant>VIDIOCSAUDIO</constant> the
-<structfield>mode</structfield> field selects <emphasis>one</emphasis>
-of the <constant>VIDEO_SOUND_MONO</constant>,
-<constant>VIDEO_SOUND_STEREO</constant>,
-<constant>VIDEO_SOUND_LANG1</constant> or
-<constant>VIDEO_SOUND_LANG2</constant> audio demodulation modes. When
-the current audio standard is BTSC
-<constant>VIDEO_SOUND_LANG2</constant> refers to SAP and
-<constant>VIDEO_SOUND_LANG1</constant> is meaningless. Also
-undocumented in the V4L specification, there is no way to query the
-selected mode. On <constant>VIDIOCGAUDIO</constant> the driver returns
-the <emphasis>actually received</emphasis> audio programmes in this
-field. In the V4L2 API this information is stored in the &v4l2-tuner;
-<structfield>rxsubchans</structfield> and
-<structfield>audmode</structfield> fields, respectively. See <xref
-linkend="tuner" /> for more information on tuners. Related to audio
-modes &v4l2-audio; also reports if this is a mono or stereo
-input, regardless if the source is a tuner.</para>
-
- <para>The following fields where replaced by V4L2 controls
-accessible with the &VIDIOC-QUERYCTRL;, &VIDIOC-G-CTRL; and
-&VIDIOC-S-CTRL; ioctls:<informaltable>
- <tgroup cols="2">
- <thead>
- <row>
- <entry>struct
-<structname>video_audio</structname></entry>
- <entry>V4L2 Control ID</entry>
- </row>
- </thead>
- <tbody valign="top">
- <row>
- <entry><structfield>volume</structfield></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_CID_AUDIO_VOLUME</constant></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><structfield>bass</structfield></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_CID_AUDIO_BASS</constant></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><structfield>treble</structfield></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_CID_AUDIO_TREBLE</constant></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><structfield>balance</structfield></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_CID_AUDIO_BALANCE</constant></entry>
- </row>
- </tbody>
- </tgroup>
- </informaltable></para>
-
- <para>To determine which of these controls are supported by a
-driver V4L provides the <structfield>flags</structfield>
-<constant>VIDEO_AUDIO_VOLUME</constant>,
-<constant>VIDEO_AUDIO_BASS</constant>,
-<constant>VIDEO_AUDIO_TREBLE</constant> and
-<constant>VIDEO_AUDIO_BALANCE</constant>. In the V4L2 API the
-&VIDIOC-QUERYCTRL; ioctl reports if the respective control is
-supported. Accordingly the <constant>VIDEO_AUDIO_MUTABLE</constant>
-and <constant>VIDEO_AUDIO_MUTE</constant> flags where replaced by the
-boolean <constant>V4L2_CID_AUDIO_MUTE</constant> control.</para>
-
- <para>All V4L2 controls have a <structfield>step</structfield>
-attribute replacing the struct <structname>video_audio</structname>
-<structfield>step</structfield> field. The V4L audio controls are
-assumed to range from 0 to 65535 with no particular reset value. The
-V4L2 API permits arbitrary limits and defaults which can be queried
-with the &VIDIOC-QUERYCTRL; ioctl. For general information about
-controls see <xref linkend="control" />.</para>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>Frame Buffer Overlay</title>
-
- <para>The V4L2 ioctls equivalent to
-<constant>VIDIOCGFBUF</constant> and <constant>VIDIOCSFBUF</constant>
-are &VIDIOC-G-FBUF; and &VIDIOC-S-FBUF;. The
-<structfield>base</structfield> field of struct
-<structname>video_buffer</structname> remained unchanged, except V4L2
-defines a flag to indicate non-destructive overlays instead of a
-<constant>NULL</constant> pointer. All other fields moved into the
-&v4l2-pix-format; <structfield>fmt</structfield> substructure of
-&v4l2-framebuffer;. The <structfield>depth</structfield> field was
-replaced by <structfield>pixelformat</structfield>. See <xref
- linkend="pixfmt-rgb" /> for a list of RGB formats and their
-respective color depths.</para>
-
- <para>Instead of the special ioctls
-<constant>VIDIOCGWIN</constant> and <constant>VIDIOCSWIN</constant>
-V4L2 uses the general-purpose data format negotiation ioctls
-&VIDIOC-G-FMT; and &VIDIOC-S-FMT;. They take a pointer to a
-&v4l2-format; as argument. Here the <structfield>win</structfield>
-member of the <structfield>fmt</structfield> union is used, a
-&v4l2-window;.</para>
-
- <para>The <structfield>x</structfield>,
-<structfield>y</structfield>, <structfield>width</structfield> and
-<structfield>height</structfield> fields of struct
-<structname>video_window</structname> moved into &v4l2-rect;
-substructure <structfield>w</structfield> of struct
-<structname>v4l2_window</structname>. The
-<structfield>chromakey</structfield>,
-<structfield>clips</structfield>, and
-<structfield>clipcount</structfield> fields remained unchanged. Struct
-<structname>video_clip</structname> was renamed to &v4l2-clip;, also
-containing a struct <structname>v4l2_rect</structname>, but the
-semantics are still the same.</para>
-
- <para>The <constant>VIDEO_WINDOW_INTERLACE</constant> flag was
-dropped. Instead applications must set the
-<structfield>field</structfield> field to
-<constant>V4L2_FIELD_ANY</constant> or
-<constant>V4L2_FIELD_INTERLACED</constant>. The
-<constant>VIDEO_WINDOW_CHROMAKEY</constant> flag moved into
-&v4l2-framebuffer;, under the new name
-<constant>V4L2_FBUF_FLAG_CHROMAKEY</constant>.</para>
-
- <para>In V4L, storing a bitmap pointer in
-<structfield>clips</structfield> and setting
-<structfield>clipcount</structfield> to
-<constant>VIDEO_CLIP_BITMAP</constant> (-1) requests bitmap
-clipping, using a fixed size bitmap of 1024 &times; 625 bits. Struct
-<structname>v4l2_window</structname> has a separate
-<structfield>bitmap</structfield> pointer field for this purpose and
-the bitmap size is determined by <structfield>w.width</structfield> and
-<structfield>w.height</structfield>.</para>
-
- <para>The <constant>VIDIOCCAPTURE</constant> ioctl to enable or
-disable overlay was renamed to &VIDIOC-OVERLAY;.</para>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>Cropping</title>
-
- <para>To capture only a subsection of the full picture V4L
-defines the <constant>VIDIOCGCAPTURE</constant> and
-<constant>VIDIOCSCAPTURE</constant> ioctls using struct
-<structname>video_capture</structname>. The equivalent V4L2 ioctls are
-&VIDIOC-G-CROP; and &VIDIOC-S-CROP; using &v4l2-crop;, and the related
-&VIDIOC-CROPCAP; ioctl. This is a rather complex matter, see
-<xref linkend="crop" /> for details.</para>
-
- <para>The <structfield>x</structfield>,
-<structfield>y</structfield>, <structfield>width</structfield> and
-<structfield>height</structfield> fields moved into &v4l2-rect;
-substructure <structfield>c</structfield> of struct
-<structname>v4l2_crop</structname>. The
-<structfield>decimation</structfield> field was dropped. In the V4L2
-API the scaling factor is implied by the size of the cropping
-rectangle and the size of the captured or overlaid image.</para>
-
- <para>The <constant>VIDEO_CAPTURE_ODD</constant>
-and <constant>VIDEO_CAPTURE_EVEN</constant> flags to capture only the
-odd or even field, respectively, were replaced by
-<constant>V4L2_FIELD_TOP</constant> and
-<constant>V4L2_FIELD_BOTTOM</constant> in the field named
-<structfield>field</structfield> of &v4l2-pix-format; and
-&v4l2-window;. These structures are used to select a capture or
-overlay format with the &VIDIOC-S-FMT; ioctl.</para>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>Reading Images, Memory Mapping</title>
-
- <section>
- <title>Capturing using the read method</title>
-
- <para>There is no essential difference between reading images
-from a V4L or V4L2 device using the &func-read; function, however V4L2
-drivers are not required to support this I/O method. Applications can
-determine if the function is available with the &VIDIOC-QUERYCAP;
-ioctl. All V4L2 devices exchanging data with applications must support
-the &func-select; and &func-poll; functions.</para>
-
- <para>To select an image format and size, V4L provides the
-<constant>VIDIOCSPICT</constant> and <constant>VIDIOCSWIN</constant>
-ioctls. V4L2 uses the general-purpose data format negotiation ioctls
-&VIDIOC-G-FMT; and &VIDIOC-S-FMT;. They take a pointer to a
-&v4l2-format; as argument, here the &v4l2-pix-format; named
-<structfield>pix</structfield> of its <structfield>fmt</structfield>
-union is used.</para>
-
- <para>For more information about the V4L2 read interface see
-<xref linkend="rw" />.</para>
- </section>
- <section>
- <title>Capturing using memory mapping</title>
-
- <para>Applications can read from V4L devices by mapping
-buffers in device memory, or more often just buffers allocated in
-DMA-able system memory, into their address space. This avoids the data
-copying overhead of the read method. V4L2 supports memory mapping as
-well, with a few differences.</para>
-
- <informaltable>
- <tgroup cols="2">
- <thead>
- <row>
- <entry>V4L</entry>
- <entry>V4L2</entry>
- </row>
- </thead>
- <tbody valign="top">
- <row>
- <entry></entry>
- <entry>The image format must be selected before
-buffers are allocated, with the &VIDIOC-S-FMT; ioctl. When no format
-is selected the driver may use the last, possibly by another
-application requested format.</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><para>Applications cannot change the number of
-buffers. The it is built into the driver, unless it has a module
-option to change the number when the driver module is
-loaded.</para></entry>
- <entry><para>The &VIDIOC-REQBUFS; ioctl allocates the
-desired number of buffers, this is a required step in the initialization
-sequence.</para></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><para>Drivers map all buffers as one contiguous
-range of memory. The <constant>VIDIOCGMBUF</constant> ioctl is
-available to query the number of buffers, the offset of each buffer
-from the start of the virtual file, and the overall amount of memory
-used, which can be used as arguments for the &func-mmap;
-function.</para></entry>
- <entry><para>Buffers are individually mapped. The
-offset and size of each buffer can be determined with the
-&VIDIOC-QUERYBUF; ioctl.</para></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><para>The <constant>VIDIOCMCAPTURE</constant>
-ioctl prepares a buffer for capturing. It also determines the image
-format for this buffer. The ioctl returns immediately, eventually with
-an &EAGAIN; if no video signal had been detected. When the driver
-supports more than one buffer applications can call the ioctl multiple
-times and thus have multiple outstanding capture
-requests.</para><para>The <constant>VIDIOCSYNC</constant> ioctl
-suspends execution until a particular buffer has been
-filled.</para></entry>
- <entry><para>Drivers maintain an incoming and outgoing
-queue. &VIDIOC-QBUF; enqueues any empty buffer into the incoming
-queue. Filled buffers are dequeued from the outgoing queue with the
-&VIDIOC-DQBUF; ioctl. To wait until filled buffers become available this
-function, &func-select; or &func-poll; can be used. The
-&VIDIOC-STREAMON; ioctl must be called once after enqueuing one or
-more buffers to start capturing. Its counterpart
-&VIDIOC-STREAMOFF; stops capturing and dequeues all buffers from both
-queues. Applications can query the signal status, if known, with the
-&VIDIOC-ENUMINPUT; ioctl.</para></entry>
- </row>
- </tbody>
- </tgroup>
- </informaltable>
-
- <para>For a more in-depth discussion of memory mapping and
-examples, see <xref linkend="mmap" />.</para>
- </section>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>Reading Raw VBI Data</title>
-
- <para>Originally the V4L API did not specify a raw VBI capture
-interface, only the device file <filename>/dev/vbi</filename> was
-reserved for this purpose. The only driver supporting this interface
-was the BTTV driver, de-facto defining the V4L VBI interface. Reading
-from the device yields a raw VBI image with the following
-parameters:<informaltable>
- <tgroup cols="2">
- <thead>
- <row>
- <entry>&v4l2-vbi-format;</entry>
- <entry>V4L, BTTV driver</entry>
- </row>
- </thead>
- <tbody valign="top">
- <row>
- <entry>sampling_rate</entry>
- <entry>28636363&nbsp;Hz NTSC (or any other 525-line
-standard); 35468950&nbsp;Hz PAL and SECAM (625-line standards)</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry>offset</entry>
- <entry>?</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry>samples_per_line</entry>
- <entry>2048</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry>sample_format</entry>
- <entry>V4L2_PIX_FMT_GREY. The last four bytes (a
-machine endianness integer) contain a frame counter.</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry>start[]</entry>
- <entry>10, 273 NTSC; 22, 335 PAL and SECAM</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry>count[]</entry>
- <entry><para>16, 16<footnote><para>Old driver
-versions used different values, eventually the custom
-<constant>BTTV_VBISIZE</constant> ioctl was added to query the
-correct values.</para></footnote></para></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry>flags</entry>
- <entry>0</entry>
- </row>
- </tbody>
- </tgroup>
- </informaltable></para>
-
- <para>Undocumented in the V4L specification, in Linux 2.3 the
-<constant>VIDIOCGVBIFMT</constant> and
-<constant>VIDIOCSVBIFMT</constant> ioctls using struct
-<structname>vbi_format</structname> were added to determine the VBI
-image parameters. These ioctls are only partially compatible with the
-V4L2 VBI interface specified in <xref linkend="raw-vbi" />.</para>
-
- <para>An <structfield>offset</structfield> field does not
-exist, <structfield>sample_format</structfield> is supposed to be
-<constant>VIDEO_PALETTE_RAW</constant>, equivalent to
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_GREY</constant>. The remaining fields are
-probably equivalent to &v4l2-vbi-format;.</para>
-
- <para>Apparently only the Zoran (ZR 36120) driver implements
-these ioctls. The semantics differ from those specified for V4L2 in two
-ways. The parameters are reset on &func-open; and
-<constant>VIDIOCSVBIFMT</constant> always returns an &EINVAL; if the
-parameters are invalid.</para>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>Miscellaneous</title>
-
- <para>V4L2 has no equivalent of the
-<constant>VIDIOCGUNIT</constant> ioctl. Applications can find the VBI
-device associated with a video capture device (or vice versa) by
-reopening the device and requesting VBI data. For details see
-<xref linkend="open" />.</para>
-
- <para>No replacement exists for <constant>VIDIOCKEY</constant>,
-and the V4L functions for microcode programming. A new interface for
-MPEG compression and playback devices is documented in <xref
- linkend="extended-controls" />.</para>
- </section>
-
- </section>
-
- <section id="hist-v4l2">
- <title>Changes of the V4L2 API</title>
-
- <para>Soon after the V4L API was added to the kernel it was
-criticised as too inflexible. In August 1998 Bill Dirks proposed a
-number of improvements and began to work on documentation, example
-drivers and applications. With the help of other volunteers this
-eventually became the V4L2 API, not just an extension but a
-replacement for the V4L API. However it took another four years and
-two stable kernel releases until the new API was finally accepted for
-inclusion into the kernel in its present form.</para>
-
- <section>
- <title>Early Versions</title>
- <para>1998-08-20: First version.</para>
-
- <para>1998-08-27: The &func-select; function was introduced.</para>
-
- <para>1998-09-10: New video standard interface.</para>
-
- <para>1998-09-18: The <constant>VIDIOC_NONCAP</constant> ioctl
-was replaced by the otherwise meaningless <constant>O_TRUNC</constant>
-&func-open; flag, and the aliases <constant>O_NONCAP</constant> and
-<constant>O_NOIO</constant> were defined. Applications can set this
-flag if they intend to access controls only, as opposed to capture
-applications which need exclusive access. The
-<constant>VIDEO_STD_XXX</constant> identifiers are now ordinals
-instead of flags, and the <function>video_std_construct()</function>
-helper function takes id and transmission arguments.</para>
-
- <para>1998-09-28: Revamped video standard. Made video controls
-individually enumerable.</para>
-
- <para>1998-10-02: The <structfield>id</structfield> field was
-removed from struct <structname>video_standard</structname> and the
-color subcarrier fields were renamed. The &VIDIOC-QUERYSTD; ioctl was
-renamed to &VIDIOC-ENUMSTD;, &VIDIOC-G-INPUT; to &VIDIOC-ENUMINPUT;. A
-first draft of the Codec API was released.</para>
-
- <para>1998-11-08: Many minor changes. Most symbols have been
-renamed. Some material changes to &v4l2-capability;.</para>
-
- <para>1998-11-12: The read/write directon of some ioctls was misdefined.</para>
-
- <para>1998-11-14: <constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_RGB24</constant>
-changed to <constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_BGR24</constant>, and
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_RGB32</constant> changed to
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_BGR32</constant>. Audio controls are now
-accessible with the &VIDIOC-G-CTRL; and &VIDIOC-S-CTRL; ioctls under
-names starting with <constant>V4L2_CID_AUDIO</constant>. The
-<constant>V4L2_MAJOR</constant> define was removed from
-<filename>videodev.h</filename> since it was only used once in the
-<filename>videodev</filename> kernel module. The
-<constant>YUV422</constant> and <constant>YUV411</constant> planar
-image formats were added.</para>
-
- <para>1998-11-28: A few ioctl symbols changed. Interfaces for codecs and
-video output devices were added.</para>
-
- <para>1999-01-14: A raw VBI capture interface was added.</para>
-
- <para>1999-01-19: The <constant>VIDIOC_NEXTBUF</constant> ioctl
- was removed.</para>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 Version 0.16 1999-01-31</title>
- <para>1999-01-27: There is now one QBUF ioctl, VIDIOC_QWBUF and VIDIOC_QRBUF
-are gone. VIDIOC_QBUF takes a v4l2_buffer as a parameter. Added
-digital zoom (cropping) controls.</para>
- </section>
-
- <!-- Where's 0.17? mhs couldn't find that videodev.h, perhaps Bill
- forgot to bump the version number or never released it. -->
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 Version 0.18 1999-03-16</title>
- <para>Added a v4l to V4L2 ioctl compatibility layer to
-videodev.c. Driver writers, this changes how you implement your ioctl
-handler. See the Driver Writer's Guide. Added some more control id
-codes.</para>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 Version 0.19 1999-06-05</title>
- <para>1999-03-18: Fill in the category and catname fields of
-v4l2_queryctrl objects before passing them to the driver. Required a
-minor change to the VIDIOC_QUERYCTRL handlers in the sample
-drivers.</para>
- <para>1999-03-31: Better compatibility for v4l memory capture
-ioctls. Requires changes to drivers to fully support new compatibility
-features, see Driver Writer's Guide and v4l2cap.c. Added new control
-IDs: V4L2_CID_HFLIP, _VFLIP. Changed V4L2_PIX_FMT_YUV422P to _YUV422P,
-and _YUV411P to _YUV411P.</para>
- <para>1999-04-04: Added a few more control IDs.</para>
- <para>1999-04-07: Added the button control type.</para>
- <para>1999-05-02: Fixed a typo in videodev.h, and added the
-V4L2_CTRL_FLAG_GRAYED (later V4L2_CTRL_FLAG_GRABBED) flag.</para>
- <para>1999-05-20: Definition of VIDIOC_G_CTRL was wrong causing
-a malfunction of this ioctl.</para>
- <para>1999-06-05: Changed the value of
-V4L2_CID_WHITENESS.</para>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 Version 0.20 (1999-09-10)</title>
-
- <para>Version 0.20 introduced a number of changes which were
-<emphasis>not backward compatible</emphasis> with 0.19 and earlier
-versions. Purpose of these changes was to simplify the API, while
-making it more extensible and following common Linux driver API
-conventions.</para>
-
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>Some typos in <constant>V4L2_FMT_FLAG</constant>
-symbols were fixed. &v4l2-clip; was changed for compatibility with
-v4l. (1999-08-30)</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para><constant>V4L2_TUNER_SUB_LANG1</constant> was added.
-(1999-09-05)</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>All ioctl() commands that used an integer argument now
-take a pointer to an integer. Where it makes sense, ioctls will return
-the actual new value in the integer pointed to by the argument, a
-common convention in the V4L2 API. The affected ioctls are:
-VIDIOC_PREVIEW, VIDIOC_STREAMON, VIDIOC_STREAMOFF, VIDIOC_S_FREQ,
-VIDIOC_S_INPUT, VIDIOC_S_OUTPUT, VIDIOC_S_EFFECT. For example
-<programlisting>
-err = ioctl (fd, VIDIOC_XXX, V4L2_XXX);
-</programlisting> becomes <programlisting>
-int a = V4L2_XXX; err = ioctl(fd, VIDIOC_XXX, &amp;a);
-</programlisting>
- </para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>All the different get- and set-format commands were
-swept into one &VIDIOC-G-FMT; and &VIDIOC-S-FMT; ioctl taking a union
-and a type field selecting the union member as parameter. Purpose is to
-simplify the API by eliminating several ioctls and to allow new and
-driver private data streams without adding new ioctls.</para>
-
- <para>This change obsoletes the following ioctls:
-<constant>VIDIOC_S_INFMT</constant>,
-<constant>VIDIOC_G_INFMT</constant>,
-<constant>VIDIOC_S_OUTFMT</constant>,
-<constant>VIDIOC_G_OUTFMT</constant>,
-<constant>VIDIOC_S_VBIFMT</constant> and
-<constant>VIDIOC_G_VBIFMT</constant>. The image format structure
-<structname>v4l2_format</structname> was renamed to &v4l2-pix-format;,
-while &v4l2-format; is now the envelopping structure for all format
-negotiations.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>Similar to the changes above, the
-<constant>VIDIOC_G_PARM</constant> and
-<constant>VIDIOC_S_PARM</constant> ioctls were merged with
-<constant>VIDIOC_G_OUTPARM</constant> and
-<constant>VIDIOC_S_OUTPARM</constant>. A
-<structfield>type</structfield> field in the new &v4l2-streamparm;
-selects the respective union member.</para>
-
- <para>This change obsoletes the
-<constant>VIDIOC_G_OUTPARM</constant> and
-<constant>VIDIOC_S_OUTPARM</constant> ioctls.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>Control enumeration was simplified, and two new
-control flags were introduced and one dropped. The
-<structfield>catname</structfield> field was replaced by a
-<structfield>group</structfield> field.</para>
-
- <para>Drivers can now flag unsupported and temporarily
-unavailable controls with <constant>V4L2_CTRL_FLAG_DISABLED</constant>
-and <constant>V4L2_CTRL_FLAG_GRABBED</constant> respectively. The
-<structfield>group</structfield> name indicates a possibly narrower
-classification than the <structfield>category</structfield>. In other
-words, there may be multiple groups within a category. Controls within
-a group would typically be drawn within a group box. Controls in
-different categories might have a greater separation, or may even
-appear in separate windows.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>The &v4l2-buffer; <structfield>timestamp</structfield>
-was changed to a 64 bit integer, containing the sampling or output
-time of the frame in nanoseconds. Additionally timestamps will be in
-absolute system time, not starting from zero at the beginning of a
-stream. The data type name for timestamps is stamp_t, defined as a
-signed 64-bit integer. Output devices should not send a buffer out
-until the time in the timestamp field has arrived. I would like to
-follow SGI's lead, and adopt a multimedia timestamping system like
-their UST (Unadjusted System Time). See
-http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://reality.sgi.com
-/cpirazzi_engr/lg/time/intro.html.
-UST uses timestamps that are 64-bit signed integers
-(not struct timeval's) and given in nanosecond units. The UST clock
-starts at zero when the system is booted and runs continuously and
-uniformly. It takes a little over 292 years for UST to overflow. There
-is no way to set the UST clock. The regular Linux time-of-day clock
-can be changed periodically, which would cause errors if it were being
-used for timestamping a multimedia stream. A real UST style clock will
-require some support in the kernel that is not there yet. But in
-anticipation, I will change the timestamp field to a 64-bit integer,
-and I will change the v4l2_masterclock_gettime() function (used only
-by drivers) to return a 64-bit integer.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>A <structfield>sequence</structfield> field was added
-to &v4l2-buffer;. The <structfield>sequence</structfield> field counts
-captured frames, it is ignored by output devices. When a capture
-driver drops a frame, the sequence number of that frame is
-skipped.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 Version 0.20 incremental changes</title>
- <!-- Version number didn't change anymore, reason unknown. -->
-
- <para>1999-12-23: In &v4l2-vbi-format; the
-<structfield>reserved1</structfield> field became
-<structfield>offset</structfield>. Previously drivers were required to
-clear the <structfield>reserved1</structfield> field.</para>
-
- <para>2000-01-13: The
- <constant>V4L2_FMT_FLAG_NOT_INTERLACED</constant> flag was added.</para>
-
- <para>2000-07-31: The <filename>linux/poll.h</filename> header
-is now included by <filename>videodev.h</filename> for compatibility
-with the original <filename>videodev.h</filename> file.</para>
-
- <para>2000-11-20: <constant>V4L2_TYPE_VBI_OUTPUT</constant> and
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_Y41P</constant> were added.</para>
-
- <para>2000-11-25: <constant>V4L2_TYPE_VBI_INPUT</constant> was
-added.</para>
-
- <para>2000-12-04: A couple typos in symbol names were fixed.</para>
-
- <para>2001-01-18: To avoid namespace conflicts the
-<constant>fourcc</constant> macro defined in the
-<filename>videodev.h</filename> header file was renamed to
-<constant>v4l2_fourcc</constant>.</para>
-
- <para>2001-01-25: A possible driver-level compatibility problem
-between the <filename>videodev.h</filename> file in Linux 2.4.0 and
-the <filename>videodev.h</filename> file included in the
-<filename>videodevX</filename> patch was fixed. Users of an earlier
-version of <filename>videodevX</filename> on Linux 2.4.0 should
-recompile their V4L and V4L2 drivers.</para>
-
- <para>2001-01-26: A possible kernel-level incompatibility
-between the <filename>videodev.h</filename> file in the
-<filename>videodevX</filename> patch and the
-<filename>videodev.h</filename> file in Linux 2.2.x with devfs patches
-applied was fixed.</para>
-
- <para>2001-03-02: Certain V4L ioctls which pass data in both
-direction although they are defined with read-only parameter, did not
-work correctly through the backward compatibility layer.
-[Solution?]</para>
-
- <para>2001-04-13: Big endian 16-bit RGB formats were added.</para>
-
- <para>2001-09-17: New YUV formats and the &VIDIOC-G-FREQUENCY; and
-&VIDIOC-S-FREQUENCY; ioctls were added. (The old
-<constant>VIDIOC_G_FREQ</constant> and
-<constant>VIDIOC_S_FREQ</constant> ioctls did not take multiple tuners
-into account.)</para>
-
- <para>2000-09-18: <constant>V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VBI</constant> was
-added. This may <emphasis>break compatibility</emphasis> as the
-&VIDIOC-G-FMT; and &VIDIOC-S-FMT; ioctls may fail now if the struct
-<structname>v4l2_fmt</structname> <structfield>type</structfield>
-field does not contain <constant>V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VBI</constant>. In the
-documentation of the &v4l2-vbi-format;
-<structfield>offset</structfield> field the ambiguous phrase "rising
-edge" was changed to "leading edge".</para>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 Version 0.20 2000-11-23</title>
-
- <para>A number of changes were made to the raw VBI
-interface.</para>
-
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>Figures clarifying the line numbering scheme were
-added to the V4L2 API specification. The
-<structfield>start</structfield>[0] and
-<structfield>start</structfield>[1] fields no longer count line
-numbers beginning at zero. Rationale: a) The previous definition was
-unclear. b) The <structfield>start</structfield>[] values are ordinal
-numbers. c) There is no point in inventing a new line numbering
-scheme. We now use line number as defined by ITU-R, period.
-Compatibility: Add one to the start values. Applications depending on
-the previous semantics may not function correctly.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>The restriction "count[0] &gt; 0 and count[1] &gt; 0"
-has been relaxed to "(count[0] + count[1]) &gt; 0". Rationale:
-Drivers may allocate resources at scan line granularity and some data
-services are transmitted only on the first field. The comment that
-both <structfield>count</structfield> values will usually be equal is
-misleading and pointless and has been removed. This change
-<emphasis>breaks compatibility</emphasis> with earlier versions:
-Drivers may return EINVAL, applications may not function
-correctly.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>Drivers are again permitted to return negative
-(unknown) start values as proposed earlier. Why this feature was
-dropped is unclear. This change may <emphasis>break
-compatibility</emphasis> with applications depending on the start
-values being positive. The use of <constant>EBUSY</constant> and
-<constant>EINVAL</constant> error codes with the &VIDIOC-S-FMT; ioctl
-was clarified. The &EBUSY; was finally documented, and the
-<structfield>reserved2</structfield> field which was previously
-mentioned only in the <filename>videodev.h</filename> header
-file.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>New buffer types
-<constant>V4L2_TYPE_VBI_INPUT</constant> and
-<constant>V4L2_TYPE_VBI_OUTPUT</constant> were added. The former is an
-alias for the old <constant>V4L2_TYPE_VBI</constant>, the latter was
-missing in the <filename>videodev.h</filename> file.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 Version 0.20 2002-07-25</title>
- <para>Added sliced VBI interface proposal.</para>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 in Linux 2.5.46, 2002-10</title>
-
- <para>Around October-November 2002, prior to an announced
-feature freeze of Linux 2.5, the API was revised, drawing from
-experience with V4L2 0.20. This unnamed version was finally merged
-into Linux 2.5.46.</para>
-
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>As specified in <xref linkend="related" />, drivers
-must make related device functions available under all minor device
-numbers.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>The &func-open; function requires access mode
-<constant>O_RDWR</constant> regardless of the device type. All V4L2
-drivers exchanging data with applications must support the
-<constant>O_NONBLOCK</constant> flag. The <constant>O_NOIO</constant>
-flag, a V4L2 symbol which aliased the meaningless
-<constant>O_TRUNC</constant> to indicate accesses without data
-exchange (panel applications) was dropped. Drivers must stay in "panel
-mode" until the application attempts to initiate a data exchange, see
-<xref linkend="open" />.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>The &v4l2-capability; changed dramatically. Note that
-also the size of the structure changed, which is encoded in the ioctl
-request code, thus older V4L2 devices will respond with an &EINVAL; to
-the new &VIDIOC-QUERYCAP; ioctl.</para>
-
- <para>There are new fields to identify the driver, a new RDS
-device function <constant>V4L2_CAP_RDS_CAPTURE</constant>, the
-<constant>V4L2_CAP_AUDIO</constant> flag indicates if the device has
-any audio connectors, another I/O capability
-<constant>V4L2_CAP_ASYNCIO</constant> can be flagged. In response to
-these changes the <structfield>type</structfield> field became a bit
-set and was merged into the <structfield>flags</structfield> field.
-<constant>V4L2_FLAG_TUNER</constant> was renamed to
-<constant>V4L2_CAP_TUNER</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_CAP_VIDEO_OVERLAY</constant> replaced
-<constant>V4L2_FLAG_PREVIEW</constant> and
-<constant>V4L2_CAP_VBI_CAPTURE</constant> and
-<constant>V4L2_CAP_VBI_OUTPUT</constant> replaced
-<constant>V4L2_FLAG_DATA_SERVICE</constant>.
-<constant>V4L2_FLAG_READ</constant> and
-<constant>V4L2_FLAG_WRITE</constant> were merged into
-<constant>V4L2_CAP_READWRITE</constant>.</para>
-
- <para>The redundant fields
-<structfield>inputs</structfield>, <structfield>outputs</structfield>
-and <structfield>audios</structfield> were removed. These properties
-can be determined as described in <xref linkend="video" /> and <xref
-linkend="audio" />.</para>
-
- <para>The somewhat volatile and therefore barely useful
-fields <structfield>maxwidth</structfield>,
-<structfield>maxheight</structfield>,
-<structfield>minwidth</structfield>,
-<structfield>minheight</structfield>,
-<structfield>maxframerate</structfield> were removed. This information
-is available as described in <xref linkend="format" /> and
-<xref linkend="standard" />.</para>
-
- <para><constant>V4L2_FLAG_SELECT</constant> was removed. We
-believe the select() function is important enough to require support
-of it in all V4L2 drivers exchanging data with applications. The
-redundant <constant>V4L2_FLAG_MONOCHROME</constant> flag was removed,
-this information is available as described in <xref
- linkend="format" />.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>In &v4l2-input; the
-<structfield>assoc_audio</structfield> field and the
-<structfield>capability</structfield> field and its only flag
-<constant>V4L2_INPUT_CAP_AUDIO</constant> was replaced by the new
-<structfield>audioset</structfield> field. Instead of linking one
-video input to one audio input this field reports all audio inputs
-this video input combines with.</para>
-
- <para>New fields are <structfield>tuner</structfield>
-(reversing the former link from tuners to video inputs),
-<structfield>std</structfield> and
-<structfield>status</structfield>.</para>
-
- <para>Accordingly &v4l2-output; lost its
-<structfield>capability</structfield> and
-<structfield>assoc_audio</structfield> fields.
-<structfield>audioset</structfield>,
-<structfield>modulator</structfield> and
-<structfield>std</structfield> where added instead.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>The &v4l2-audio; field
-<structfield>audio</structfield> was renamed to
-<structfield>index</structfield>, for consistency with other
-structures. A new capability flag
-<constant>V4L2_AUDCAP_STEREO</constant> was added to indicated if the
-audio input in question supports stereo sound.
-<constant>V4L2_AUDCAP_EFFECTS</constant> and the corresponding
-<constant>V4L2_AUDMODE</constant> flags where removed. This can be
-easily implemented using controls. (However the same applies to AVL
-which is still there.)</para>
-
- <para>Again for consistency the &v4l2-audioout; field
-<structfield>audio</structfield> was renamed to
-<structfield>index</structfield>.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>The &v4l2-tuner;
-<structfield>input</structfield> field was replaced by an
-<structfield>index</structfield> field, permitting devices with
-multiple tuners. The link between video inputs and tuners is now
-reversed, inputs point to their tuner. The
-<structfield>std</structfield> substructure became a
-simple set (more about this below) and moved into &v4l2-input;. A
-<structfield>type</structfield> field was added.</para>
-
- <para>Accordingly in &v4l2-modulator; the
-<structfield>output</structfield> was replaced by an
-<structfield>index</structfield> field.</para>
-
- <para>In &v4l2-frequency; the
-<structfield>port</structfield> field was replaced by a
-<structfield>tuner</structfield> field containing the respective tuner
-or modulator index number. A tuner <structfield>type</structfield>
-field was added and the <structfield>reserved</structfield> field
-became larger for future extensions (satellite tuners in
-particular).</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>The idea of completely transparent video standards was
-dropped. Experience showed that applications must be able to work with
-video standards beyond presenting the user a menu. Instead of
-enumerating supported standards with an ioctl applications can now
-refer to standards by &v4l2-std-id; and symbols defined in the
-<filename>videodev2.h</filename> header file. For details see <xref
- linkend="standard" />. The &VIDIOC-G-STD; and
-&VIDIOC-S-STD; now take a pointer to this type as argument.
-&VIDIOC-QUERYSTD; was added to autodetect the received standard, if
-the hardware has this capability. In &v4l2-standard; an
-<structfield>index</structfield> field was added for &VIDIOC-ENUMSTD;.
-A &v4l2-std-id; field named <structfield>id</structfield> was added as
-machine readable identifier, also replacing the
-<structfield>transmission</structfield> field. The misleading
-<structfield>framerate</structfield> field was renamed
-to <structfield>frameperiod</structfield>. The now obsolete
-<structfield>colorstandard</structfield> information, originally
-needed to distguish between variations of standards, were
-removed.</para>
-
- <para>Struct <structname>v4l2_enumstd</structname> ceased to
-be. &VIDIOC-ENUMSTD; now takes a pointer to a &v4l2-standard;
-directly. The information which standards are supported by a
-particular video input or output moved into &v4l2-input; and
-&v4l2-output; fields named <structfield>std</structfield>,
-respectively.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>The &v4l2-queryctrl; fields
-<structfield>category</structfield> and
-<structfield>group</structfield> did not catch on and/or were not
-implemented as expected and therefore removed.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>The &VIDIOC-TRY-FMT; ioctl was added to negotiate data
-formats as with &VIDIOC-S-FMT;, but without the overhead of
-programming the hardware and regardless of I/O in progress.</para>
-
- <para>In &v4l2-format; the <structfield>fmt</structfield>
-union was extended to contain &v4l2-window;. All image format
-negotiations are now possible with <constant>VIDIOC_G_FMT</constant>,
-<constant>VIDIOC_S_FMT</constant> and
-<constant>VIDIOC_TRY_FMT</constant>; ioctl. The
-<constant>VIDIOC_G_WIN</constant> and
-<constant>VIDIOC_S_WIN</constant> ioctls to prepare for a video
-overlay were removed. The <structfield>type</structfield> field
-changed to type &v4l2-buf-type; and the buffer type names changed as
-follows.<informaltable>
- <tgroup cols="2">
- <thead>
- <row>
- <entry>Old defines</entry>
- <entry>&v4l2-buf-type;</entry>
- </row>
- </thead>
- <tbody valign="top">
- <row>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_BUF_TYPE_CAPTURE</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_CAPTURE</constant></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_BUF_TYPE_CODECIN</constant></entry>
- <entry>Omitted for now</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_BUF_TYPE_CODECOUT</constant></entry>
- <entry>Omitted for now</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_BUF_TYPE_EFFECTSIN</constant></entry>
- <entry>Omitted for now</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_BUF_TYPE_EFFECTSIN2</constant></entry>
- <entry>Omitted for now</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_BUF_TYPE_EFFECTSOUT</constant></entry>
- <entry>Omitted for now</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEOOUT</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_OUTPUT</constant></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>-</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_OVERLAY</constant></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>-</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VBI_CAPTURE</constant></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>-</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VBI_OUTPUT</constant></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>-</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_BUF_TYPE_SLICED_VBI_CAPTURE</constant></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>-</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_BUF_TYPE_SLICED_VBI_OUTPUT</constant></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_BUF_TYPE_PRIVATE_BASE</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_BUF_TYPE_PRIVATE</constant></entry>
- </row>
- </tbody>
- </tgroup>
- </informaltable></para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>In &v4l2-fmtdesc; a &v4l2-buf-type; field named
-<structfield>type</structfield> was added as in &v4l2-format;. The
-<constant>VIDIOC_ENUM_FBUFFMT</constant> ioctl is no longer needed and
-was removed. These calls can be replaced by &VIDIOC-ENUM-FMT; with
-type <constant>V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_OVERLAY</constant>.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>In &v4l2-pix-format; the
-<structfield>depth</structfield> field was removed, assuming
-applications which recognize the format by its four-character-code
-already know the color depth, and others do not care about it. The
-same rationale lead to the removal of the
-<constant>V4L2_FMT_FLAG_COMPRESSED</constant> flag. The
-<constant>V4L2_FMT_FLAG_SWCONVECOMPRESSED</constant> flag was removed
-because drivers are not supposed to convert images in kernel space. A
-user library of conversion functions should be provided instead. The
-<constant>V4L2_FMT_FLAG_BYTESPERLINE</constant> flag was redundant.
-Applications can set the <structfield>bytesperline</structfield> field
-to zero to get a reasonable default. Since the remaining flags were
-replaced as well, the <structfield>flags</structfield> field itself
-was removed.</para>
- <para>The interlace flags were replaced by a &v4l2-field;
-value in a newly added <structfield>field</structfield>
-field.<informaltable>
- <tgroup cols="2">
- <thead>
- <row>
- <entry>Old flag</entry>
- <entry>&v4l2-field;</entry>
- </row>
- </thead>
- <tbody valign="top">
- <row>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_FMT_FLAG_NOT_INTERLACED</constant></entry>
- <entry>?</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_FMT_FLAG_INTERLACED</constant>
-= <constant>V4L2_FMT_FLAG_COMBINED</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_FIELD_INTERLACED</constant></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_FMT_FLAG_TOPFIELD</constant>
-= <constant>V4L2_FMT_FLAG_ODDFIELD</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_FIELD_TOP</constant></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_FMT_FLAG_BOTFIELD</constant>
-= <constant>V4L2_FMT_FLAG_EVENFIELD</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_FIELD_BOTTOM</constant></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>-</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_FIELD_SEQ_TB</constant></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>-</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_FIELD_SEQ_BT</constant></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>-</constant></entry>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_FIELD_ALTERNATE</constant></entry>
- </row>
- </tbody>
- </tgroup>
- </informaltable></para>
-
- <para>The color space flags were replaced by a
-&v4l2-colorspace; value in a newly added
-<structfield>colorspace</structfield> field, where one of
-<constant>V4L2_COLORSPACE_SMPTE170M</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_COLORSPACE_BT878</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_COLORSPACE_470_SYSTEM_M</constant> or
-<constant>V4L2_COLORSPACE_470_SYSTEM_BG</constant> replaces
-<constant>V4L2_FMT_CS_601YUV</constant>.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>In &v4l2-requestbuffers; the
-<structfield>type</structfield> field was properly defined as
-&v4l2-buf-type;. Buffer types changed as mentioned above. A new
-<structfield>memory</structfield> field of type &v4l2-memory; was
-added to distinguish between I/O methods using buffers allocated
-by the driver or the application. See <xref linkend="io" /> for
-details.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>In &v4l2-buffer; the <structfield>type</structfield>
-field was properly defined as &v4l2-buf-type;. Buffer types changed as
-mentioned above. A <structfield>field</structfield> field of type
-&v4l2-field; was added to indicate if a buffer contains a top or
-bottom field. The old field flags were removed. Since no unadjusted
-system time clock was added to the kernel as planned, the
-<structfield>timestamp</structfield> field changed back from type
-stamp_t, an unsigned 64 bit integer expressing the sample time in
-nanoseconds, to struct <structname>timeval</structname>. With the
-addition of a second memory mapping method the
-<structfield>offset</structfield> field moved into union
-<structfield>m</structfield>, and a new
-<structfield>memory</structfield> field of type &v4l2-memory; was
-added to distinguish between I/O methods. See <xref linkend="io" />
-for details.</para>
-
- <para>The <constant>V4L2_BUF_REQ_CONTIG</constant>
-flag was used by the V4L compatibility layer, after changes to this
-code it was no longer needed. The
-<constant>V4L2_BUF_ATTR_DEVICEMEM</constant> flag would indicate if
-the buffer was indeed allocated in device memory rather than DMA-able
-system memory. It was barely useful and so was removed.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>In &v4l2-framebuffer; the
-<structfield>base[3]</structfield> array anticipating double- and
-triple-buffering in off-screen video memory, however without defining
-a synchronization mechanism, was replaced by a single pointer. The
-<constant>V4L2_FBUF_CAP_SCALEUP</constant> and
-<constant>V4L2_FBUF_CAP_SCALEDOWN</constant> flags were removed.
-Applications can determine this capability more accurately using the
-new cropping and scaling interface. The
-<constant>V4L2_FBUF_CAP_CLIPPING</constant> flag was replaced by
-<constant>V4L2_FBUF_CAP_LIST_CLIPPING</constant> and
-<constant>V4L2_FBUF_CAP_BITMAP_CLIPPING</constant>.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>In &v4l2-clip; the <structfield>x</structfield>,
-<structfield>y</structfield>, <structfield>width</structfield> and
-<structfield>height</structfield> field moved into a
-<structfield>c</structfield> substructure of type &v4l2-rect;. The
-<structfield>x</structfield> and <structfield>y</structfield> fields
-were renamed to <structfield>left</structfield> and
-<structfield>top</structfield>, &ie; offsets to a context dependent
-origin.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>In &v4l2-window; the <structfield>x</structfield>,
-<structfield>y</structfield>, <structfield>width</structfield> and
-<structfield>height</structfield> field moved into a
-<structfield>w</structfield> substructure as above. A
-<structfield>field</structfield> field of type %v4l2-field; was added
-to distinguish between field and frame (interlaced) overlay.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>The digital zoom interface, including struct
-<structname>v4l2_zoomcap</structname>, struct
-<structname>v4l2_zoom</structname>,
-<constant>V4L2_ZOOM_NONCAP</constant> and
-<constant>V4L2_ZOOM_WHILESTREAMING</constant> was replaced by a new
-cropping and scaling interface. The previously unused struct
-<structname>v4l2_cropcap</structname> and
-<structname>v4l2_crop</structname> where redefined for this purpose.
-See <xref linkend="crop" /> for details.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>In &v4l2-vbi-format; the
-<structfield>SAMPLE_FORMAT</structfield> field now contains a
-four-character-code as used to identify video image formats and
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_GREY</constant> replaces the
-<constant>V4L2_VBI_SF_UBYTE</constant> define. The
-<structfield>reserved</structfield> field was extended.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>In &v4l2-captureparm; the type of the
-<structfield>timeperframe</structfield> field changed from unsigned
-long to &v4l2-fract;. This allows the accurate expression of multiples
-of the NTSC-M frame rate 30000 / 1001. A new field
-<structfield>readbuffers</structfield> was added to control the driver
-behaviour in read I/O mode.</para>
-
- <para>Similar changes were made to &v4l2-outputparm;.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>The struct <structname>v4l2_performance</structname>
-and <constant>VIDIOC_G_PERF</constant> ioctl were dropped. Except when
-using the <link linkend="rw">read/write I/O method</link>, which is
-limited anyway, this information is already available to
-applications.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>The example transformation from RGB to YCbCr color
-space in the old V4L2 documentation was inaccurate, this has been
-corrected in <xref linkend="pixfmt" />.<!-- 0.5670G should be
-0.587, and 127/112 != 255/224 --></para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 2003-06-19</title>
-
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>A new capability flag
-<constant>V4L2_CAP_RADIO</constant> was added for radio devices. Prior
-to this change radio devices would identify solely by having exactly one
-tuner whose type field reads <constant>V4L2_TUNER_RADIO</constant>.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>An optional driver access priority mechanism was
-added, see <xref linkend="app-pri" /> for details.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>The audio input and output interface was found to be
-incomplete.</para>
- <para>Previously the &VIDIOC-G-AUDIO;
-ioctl would enumerate the available audio inputs. An ioctl to
-determine the current audio input, if more than one combines with the
-current video input, did not exist. So
-<constant>VIDIOC_G_AUDIO</constant> was renamed to
-<constant>VIDIOC_G_AUDIO_OLD</constant>, this ioctl was removed on
-Kernel 2.6.39. The &VIDIOC-ENUMAUDIO; ioctl was added to enumerate
-audio inputs, while &VIDIOC-G-AUDIO; now reports the current audio
-input.</para>
- <para>The same changes were made to &VIDIOC-G-AUDOUT; and
-&VIDIOC-ENUMAUDOUT;.</para>
- <para>Until further the "videodev" module will automatically
-translate between the old and new ioctls, but drivers and applications
-must be updated to successfully compile again.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>The &VIDIOC-OVERLAY; ioctl was incorrectly defined with
-write-read parameter. It was changed to write-only, while the write-read
-version was renamed to <constant>VIDIOC_OVERLAY_OLD</constant>. The old
-ioctl was removed on Kernel 2.6.39. Until further the "videodev"
-kernel module will automatically translate to the new version, so drivers
-must be recompiled, but not applications.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para><xref linkend="overlay" /> incorrectly stated that
-clipping rectangles define regions where the video can be seen.
-Correct is that clipping rectangles define regions where
-<emphasis>no</emphasis> video shall be displayed and so the graphics
-surface can be seen.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>The &VIDIOC-S-PARM; and &VIDIOC-S-CTRL; ioctls were
-defined with write-only parameter, inconsistent with other ioctls
-modifying their argument. They were changed to write-read, while a
-<constant>_OLD</constant> suffix was added to the write-only versions.
-The old ioctls were removed on Kernel 2.6.39. Drivers and
-applications assuming a constant parameter need an update.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 2003-11-05</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>In <xref linkend="pixfmt-rgb" /> the following pixel
-formats were incorrectly transferred from Bill Dirks' V4L2
-specification. Descriptions below refer to bytes in memory, in
-ascending address order.<informaltable>
- <tgroup cols="3">
- <thead>
- <row>
- <entry>Symbol</entry>
- <entry>In this document prior to revision
-0.5</entry>
- <entry>Corrected</entry>
- </row>
- </thead>
- <tbody valign="top">
- <row>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_RGB24</constant></entry>
- <entry>B, G, R</entry>
- <entry>R, G, B</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_BGR24</constant></entry>
- <entry>R, G, B</entry>
- <entry>B, G, R</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_RGB32</constant></entry>
- <entry>B, G, R, X</entry>
- <entry>R, G, B, X</entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_BGR32</constant></entry>
- <entry>R, G, B, X</entry>
- <entry>B, G, R, X</entry>
- </row>
- </tbody>
- </tgroup>
- </informaltable> The
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_BGR24</constant> example was always
-correct.</para>
- <para>In <xref linkend="v4l-image-properties" /> the mapping
-of the V4L <constant>VIDEO_PALETTE_RGB24</constant> and
-<constant>VIDEO_PALETTE_RGB32</constant> formats to V4L2 pixel formats
-was accordingly corrected.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>Unrelated to the fixes above, drivers may still
-interpret some V4L2 RGB pixel formats differently. These issues have
-yet to be addressed, for details see <xref
- linkend="pixfmt-rgb" />.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 in Linux 2.6.6, 2004-05-09</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>The &VIDIOC-CROPCAP; ioctl was incorrectly defined
-with read-only parameter. It is now defined as write-read ioctl, while
-the read-only version was renamed to
-<constant>VIDIOC_CROPCAP_OLD</constant>. The old ioctl was removed
-on Kernel 2.6.39.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 in Linux 2.6.8</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>A new field <structfield>input</structfield> (former
-<structfield>reserved[0]</structfield>) was added to the &v4l2-buffer;
-structure. Purpose of this field is to alternate between video inputs
-(&eg; cameras) in step with the video capturing process. This function
-must be enabled with the new <constant>V4L2_BUF_FLAG_INPUT</constant>
-flag. The <structfield>flags</structfield> field is no longer
-read-only.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 spec erratum 2004-08-01</title>
-
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>The return value of the
-<xref linkend="func-open" /> function was incorrectly documented.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>Audio output ioctls end in -AUDOUT, not -AUDIOOUT.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>In the Current Audio Input example the
-<constant>VIDIOC_G_AUDIO</constant> ioctl took the wrong
-argument.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>The documentation of the &VIDIOC-QBUF; and
-&VIDIOC-DQBUF; ioctls did not mention the &v4l2-buffer;
-<structfield>memory</structfield> field. It was also missing from
-examples. Also on the <constant>VIDIOC_DQBUF</constant> page the &EIO;
-was not documented.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 in Linux 2.6.14</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>A new sliced VBI interface was added. It is documented
-in <xref linkend="sliced" /> and replaces the interface first
-proposed in V4L2 specification 0.8.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 in Linux 2.6.15</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>The &VIDIOC-LOG-STATUS; ioctl was added.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>New video standards
-<constant>V4L2_STD_NTSC_443</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_STD_SECAM_LC</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_STD_SECAM_DK</constant> (a set of SECAM D, K and K1),
-and <constant>V4L2_STD_ATSC</constant> (a set of
-<constant>V4L2_STD_ATSC_8_VSB</constant> and
-<constant>V4L2_STD_ATSC_16_VSB</constant>) were defined. Note the
-<constant>V4L2_STD_525_60</constant> set now includes
-<constant>V4L2_STD_NTSC_443</constant>. See also <xref
- linkend="v4l2-std-id" />.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>The <constant>VIDIOC_G_COMP</constant> and
-<constant>VIDIOC_S_COMP</constant> ioctl were renamed to
-<constant>VIDIOC_G_MPEGCOMP</constant> and
-<constant>VIDIOC_S_MPEGCOMP</constant> respectively. Their argument
-was replaced by a struct
-<structname>v4l2_mpeg_compression</structname> pointer. (The
-<constant>VIDIOC_G_MPEGCOMP</constant> and
-<constant>VIDIOC_S_MPEGCOMP</constant> ioctls where removed in Linux
-2.6.25.)</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 spec erratum 2005-11-27</title>
- <para>The capture example in <xref linkend="capture-example" />
-called the &VIDIOC-S-CROP; ioctl without checking if cropping is
-supported. In the video standard selection example in
-<xref linkend="standard" /> the &VIDIOC-S-STD; call used the wrong
-argument type.</para>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 spec erratum 2006-01-10</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>The <constant>V4L2_IN_ST_COLOR_KILL</constant> flag in
-&v4l2-input; not only indicates if the color killer is enabled, but
-also if it is active. (The color killer disables color decoding when
-it detects no color in the video signal to improve the image
-quality.)</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>&VIDIOC-S-PARM; is a write-read ioctl, not write-only as
-stated on its reference page. The ioctl changed in 2003 as noted above.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 spec erratum 2006-02-03</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>In &v4l2-captureparm; and &v4l2-outputparm; the
-<structfield>timeperframe</structfield> field gives the time in
-seconds, not microseconds.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 spec erratum 2006-02-04</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>The <structfield>clips</structfield> field in
-&v4l2-window; must point to an array of &v4l2-clip;, not a linked
-list, because drivers ignore the struct
-<structname>v4l2_clip</structname>.<structfield>next</structfield>
-pointer.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 in Linux 2.6.17</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>New video standard macros were added:
-<constant>V4L2_STD_NTSC_M_KR</constant> (NTSC M South Korea), and the
-sets <constant>V4L2_STD_MN</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_STD_B</constant>, <constant>V4L2_STD_GH</constant> and
-<constant>V4L2_STD_DK</constant>. The
-<constant>V4L2_STD_NTSC</constant> and
-<constant>V4L2_STD_SECAM</constant> sets now include
-<constant>V4L2_STD_NTSC_M_KR</constant> and
-<constant>V4L2_STD_SECAM_LC</constant> respectively.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>A new <constant>V4L2_TUNER_MODE_LANG1_LANG2</constant>
-was defined to record both languages of a bilingual program. The
-use of <constant>V4L2_TUNER_MODE_STEREO</constant> for this purpose
-is deprecated now. See the &VIDIOC-G-TUNER; section for
-details.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 spec erratum 2006-09-23 (Draft 0.15)</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>In various places
-<constant>V4L2_BUF_TYPE_SLICED_VBI_CAPTURE</constant> and
-<constant>V4L2_BUF_TYPE_SLICED_VBI_OUTPUT</constant> of the sliced VBI
-interface were not mentioned along with other buffer types.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>In <xref linkend="vidioc-g-audio" /> it was clarified
-that the &v4l2-audio; <structfield>mode</structfield> field is a flags
-field.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para><xref linkend="vidioc-querycap" /> did not mention the
-sliced VBI and radio capability flags.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>In <xref linkend="vidioc-g-frequency" /> it was
-clarified that applications must initialize the tuner
-<structfield>type</structfield> field of &v4l2-frequency; before
-calling &VIDIOC-S-FREQUENCY;.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>The <structfield>reserved</structfield> array
-in &v4l2-requestbuffers; has 2 elements, not 32.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>In <xref linkend="output" /> and <xref
- linkend="raw-vbi" /> the device file names
-<filename>/dev/vout</filename> which never caught on were replaced
-by <filename>/dev/video</filename>.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>With Linux 2.6.15 the possible range for VBI device minor
-numbers was extended from 224-239 to 224-255. Accordingly device file names
-<filename>/dev/vbi0</filename> to <filename>/dev/vbi31</filename> are
-possible now.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 in Linux 2.6.18</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>New ioctls &VIDIOC-G-EXT-CTRLS;, &VIDIOC-S-EXT-CTRLS;
-and &VIDIOC-TRY-EXT-CTRLS; were added, a flag to skip unsupported
-controls with &VIDIOC-QUERYCTRL;, new control types
-<constant>V4L2_CTRL_TYPE_INTEGER64</constant> and
-<constant>V4L2_CTRL_TYPE_CTRL_CLASS</constant> (<xref
- linkend="v4l2-ctrl-type" />), and new control flags
-<constant>V4L2_CTRL_FLAG_READ_ONLY</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_CTRL_FLAG_UPDATE</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_CTRL_FLAG_INACTIVE</constant> and
-<constant>V4L2_CTRL_FLAG_SLIDER</constant> (<xref
- linkend="control-flags" />). See <xref
- linkend="extended-controls" /> for details.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 in Linux 2.6.19</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>In &v4l2-sliced-vbi-cap; a buffer type field was added
-replacing a reserved field. Note on architectures where the size of
-enum types differs from int types the size of the structure changed.
-The &VIDIOC-G-SLICED-VBI-CAP; ioctl was redefined from being read-only
-to write-read. Applications must initialize the type field and clear
-the reserved fields now. These changes may <emphasis>break the
-compatibility</emphasis> with older drivers and applications.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>The ioctls &VIDIOC-ENUM-FRAMESIZES; and
-&VIDIOC-ENUM-FRAMEINTERVALS; were added.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>A new pixel format <constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_RGB444</constant> (<xref
-linkend="rgb-formats" />) was added.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 spec erratum 2006-10-12 (Draft 0.17)</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para><constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_HM12</constant> (<xref
-linkend="reserved-formats" />) is a YUV 4:2:0, not 4:2:2 format.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 in Linux 2.6.21</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>The <filename>videodev2.h</filename> header file is
-now dual licensed under GNU General Public License version two or
-later, and under a 3-clause BSD-style license.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 in Linux 2.6.22</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>Two new field orders
- <constant>V4L2_FIELD_INTERLACED_TB</constant> and
- <constant>V4L2_FIELD_INTERLACED_BT</constant> were
- added. See <xref linkend="v4l2-field" /> for details.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>Three new clipping/blending methods with a global or
-straight or inverted local alpha value were added to the video overlay
-interface. See the description of the &VIDIOC-G-FBUF; and
-&VIDIOC-S-FBUF; ioctls for details.</para>
- <para>A new <structfield>global_alpha</structfield> field
-was added to <link
-linkend="v4l2-window"><structname>v4l2_window</structname></link>,
-extending the structure. This may <emphasis>break
-compatibility</emphasis> with applications using a struct
-<structname>v4l2_window</structname> directly. However the <link
-linkend="vidioc-g-fmt">VIDIOC_G/S/TRY_FMT</link> ioctls, which take a
-pointer to a <link linkend="v4l2-format">v4l2_format</link> parent
-structure with padding bytes at the end, are not affected.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>The format of the <structfield>chromakey</structfield>
-field in &v4l2-window; changed from "host order RGB32" to a pixel
-value in the same format as the framebuffer. This may <emphasis>break
-compatibility</emphasis> with existing applications. Drivers
-supporting the "host order RGB32" format are not known.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 in Linux 2.6.24</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>The pixel formats
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_PAL8</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_YUV444</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_YUV555</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_YUV565</constant> and
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_YUV32</constant> were added.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 in Linux 2.6.25</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>The pixel formats <link linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-Y16">
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_Y16</constant></link> and <link
-linkend="V4L2-PIX-FMT-SBGGR16">
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_SBGGR16</constant></link> were added.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>New <link linkend="control">controls</link>
-<constant>V4L2_CID_POWER_LINE_FREQUENCY</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_CID_HUE_AUTO</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_CID_WHITE_BALANCE_TEMPERATURE</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_CID_SHARPNESS</constant> and
-<constant>V4L2_CID_BACKLIGHT_COMPENSATION</constant> were added. The
-controls <constant>V4L2_CID_BLACK_LEVEL</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_CID_WHITENESS</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_CID_HCENTER</constant> and
-<constant>V4L2_CID_VCENTER</constant> were deprecated.
-</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>A <link linkend="camera-controls">Camera controls
-class</link> was added, with the new controls
-<constant>V4L2_CID_EXPOSURE_AUTO</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_CID_EXPOSURE_ABSOLUTE</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_CID_EXPOSURE_AUTO_PRIORITY</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_CID_PAN_RELATIVE</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_CID_TILT_RELATIVE</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_CID_PAN_RESET</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_CID_TILT_RESET</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_CID_PAN_ABSOLUTE</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_CID_TILT_ABSOLUTE</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_CID_FOCUS_ABSOLUTE</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_CID_FOCUS_RELATIVE</constant> and
-<constant>V4L2_CID_FOCUS_AUTO</constant>.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>The <constant>VIDIOC_G_MPEGCOMP</constant> and
-<constant>VIDIOC_S_MPEGCOMP</constant> ioctls, which were superseded
-by the <link linkend="extended-controls">extended controls</link>
-interface in Linux 2.6.18, where finally removed from the
-<filename>videodev2.h</filename> header file.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 in Linux 2.6.26</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>The pixel formats
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_Y16</constant> and
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_SBGGR16</constant> were added.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>Added user controls
-<constant>V4L2_CID_CHROMA_AGC</constant> and
-<constant>V4L2_CID_COLOR_KILLER</constant>.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 in Linux 2.6.27</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>The &VIDIOC-S-HW-FREQ-SEEK; ioctl and the
-<constant>V4L2_CAP_HW_FREQ_SEEK</constant> capability were added.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>The pixel formats
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_YVYU</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_PCA501</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_PCA505</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_PCA508</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_PCA561</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_SGBRG8</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_PAC207</constant> and
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_PJPG</constant> were added.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 in Linux 2.6.28</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>Added <constant>V4L2_MPEG_AUDIO_ENCODING_AAC</constant> and
-<constant>V4L2_MPEG_AUDIO_ENCODING_AC3</constant> MPEG audio encodings.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>Added <constant>V4L2_MPEG_VIDEO_ENCODING_MPEG_4_AVC</constant> MPEG
-video encoding.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>The pixel formats
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_SGRBG10</constant> and
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_SGRBG10DPCM8</constant> were added.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 in Linux 2.6.29</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>The <constant>VIDIOC_G_CHIP_IDENT</constant> ioctl was renamed
-to <constant>VIDIOC_G_CHIP_IDENT_OLD</constant> and &VIDIOC-DBG-G-CHIP-IDENT;
-was introduced in its place. The old struct <structname>v4l2_chip_ident</structname>
-was renamed to <structname id="v4l2-chip-ident-old">v4l2_chip_ident_old</structname>.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>The pixel formats
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_VYUY</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_NV16</constant> and
-<constant>V4L2_PIX_FMT_NV61</constant> were added.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>Added camera controls
-<constant>V4L2_CID_ZOOM_ABSOLUTE</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_CID_ZOOM_RELATIVE</constant>,
-<constant>V4L2_CID_ZOOM_CONTINUOUS</constant> and
-<constant>V4L2_CID_PRIVACY</constant>.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 in Linux 2.6.30</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>New control flag <constant>V4L2_CTRL_FLAG_WRITE_ONLY</constant> was added.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>New control <constant>V4L2_CID_COLORFX</constant> was added.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 in Linux 2.6.32</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>In order to be easier to compare a V4L2 API and a kernel
-version, now V4L2 API is numbered using the Linux Kernel version numeration.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>Finalized the RDS capture API. See <xref linkend="rds" /> for
-more information.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>Added new capabilities for modulators and RDS encoders.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>Add description for libv4l API.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>Added support for string controls via new type <constant>V4L2_CTRL_TYPE_STRING</constant>.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>Added <constant>V4L2_CID_BAND_STOP_FILTER</constant> documentation.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>Added FM Modulator (FM TX) Extended Control Class: <constant>V4L2_CTRL_CLASS_FM_TX</constant> and their Control IDs.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>Added Remote Controller chapter, describing the default Remote Controller mapping for media devices.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 in Linux 2.6.33</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>Added support for Digital Video timings in order to support HDTV receivers and transmitters.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 in Linux 2.6.34</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>Added
-<constant>V4L2_CID_IRIS_ABSOLUTE</constant> and
-<constant>V4L2_CID_IRIS_RELATIVE</constant> controls to the
- <link linkend="camera-controls">Camera controls class</link>.
- </para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 in Linux 2.6.37</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>Remove the vtx (videotext/teletext) API. This API was no longer
-used and no hardware exists to verify the API. Nor were any userspace applications found
-that used it. It was originally scheduled for removal in 2.6.35.
- </para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 in Linux 2.6.39</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>The old VIDIOC_*_OLD symbols and V4L1 support were removed.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>Multi-planar API added. Does not affect the compatibility of
- current drivers and applications. See
- <link linkend="planar-apis">multi-planar API</link>
- for details.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 in Linux 3.1</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>VIDIOC_QUERYCAP now returns a per-subsystem version instead of a per-driver one.</para>
- <para>Standardize an error code for invalid ioctl.</para>
- <para>Added V4L2_CTRL_TYPE_BITMASK.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 in Linux 3.2</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>V4L2_CTRL_FLAG_VOLATILE was added to signal volatile controls to userspace.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>Add selection API for extended control over cropping and
-composing. Does not affect the compatibility of current drivers and
-applications. See <link linkend="selection-api"> selection API </link> for
-details.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 in Linux 3.3</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>Added <constant>V4L2_CID_ALPHA_COMPONENT</constant> control
- to the <link linkend="control">User controls class</link>.
- </para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>Added the device_caps field to struct v4l2_capabilities and added the new
- V4L2_CAP_DEVICE_CAPS capability.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 in Linux 3.4</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>Added <link linkend="jpeg-controls">JPEG compression control
- class</link>.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>Extended the DV Timings API:
- &VIDIOC-ENUM-DV-TIMINGS;, &VIDIOC-QUERY-DV-TIMINGS; and
- &VIDIOC-DV-TIMINGS-CAP;.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>V4L2 in Linux 3.5</title>
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>Added integer menus, the new type will be
- V4L2_CTRL_TYPE_INTEGER_MENU.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>Added selection API for V4L2 subdev interface:
- &VIDIOC-SUBDEV-G-SELECTION; and
- &VIDIOC-SUBDEV-S-SELECTION;.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para> Added <constant>V4L2_COLORFX_ANTIQUE</constant>,
- <constant>V4L2_COLORFX_ART_FREEZE</constant>,
- <constant>V4L2_COLORFX_AQUA</constant>,
- <constant>V4L2_COLORFX_SILHOUETTE</constant>,
- <constant>V4L2_COLORFX_SOLARIZATION</constant>,
- <constant>V4L2_COLORFX_VIVID</constant> and
- <constant>V4L2_COLORFX_ARBITRARY_CBCR</constant> menu items
- to the <constant>V4L2_CID_COLORFX</constant> control.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para> Added <constant>V4L2_CID_COLORFX_CBCR</constant> control.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para> Added camera controls <constant>V4L2_CID_AUTO_EXPOSURE_BIAS</constant>,
- <constant>V4L2_CID_AUTO_N_PRESET_WHITE_BALANCE</constant>,
- <constant>V4L2_CID_IMAGE_STABILIZATION</constant>,
- <constant>V4L2_CID_ISO_SENSITIVITY</constant>,
- <constant>V4L2_CID_ISO_SENSITIVITY_AUTO</constant>,
- <constant>V4L2_CID_EXPOSURE_METERING</constant>,
- <constant>V4L2_CID_SCENE_MODE</constant>,
- <constant>V4L2_CID_3A_LOCK</constant>,
- <constant>V4L2_CID_AUTO_FOCUS_START</constant>,
- <constant>V4L2_CID_AUTO_FOCUS_STOP</constant>,
- <constant>V4L2_CID_AUTO_FOCUS_STATUS</constant> and
- <constant>V4L2_CID_AUTO_FOCUS_RANGE</constant>.
- </para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section id="other">
- <title>Relation of V4L2 to other Linux multimedia APIs</title>
-
- <section id="xvideo">
- <title>X Video Extension</title>
-
- <para>The X Video Extension (abbreviated XVideo or just Xv) is
-an extension of the X Window system, implemented for example by the
-XFree86 project. Its scope is similar to V4L2, an API to video capture
-and output devices for X clients. Xv allows applications to display
-live video in a window, send window contents to a TV output, and
-capture or output still images in XPixmaps<footnote>
- <para>This is not implemented in XFree86.</para>
- </footnote>. With their implementation XFree86 makes the
-extension available across many operating systems and
-architectures.</para>
-
- <para>Because the driver is embedded into the X server Xv has a
-number of advantages over the V4L2 <link linkend="overlay">video
-overlay interface</link>. The driver can easily determine the overlay
-target, &ie; visible graphics memory or off-screen buffers for a
-destructive overlay. It can program the RAMDAC for a non-destructive
-overlay, scaling or color-keying, or the clipping functions of the
-video capture hardware, always in sync with drawing operations or
-windows moving or changing their stacking order.</para>
-
- <para>To combine the advantages of Xv and V4L a special Xv
-driver exists in XFree86 and XOrg, just programming any overlay capable
-Video4Linux device it finds. To enable it
-<filename>/etc/X11/XF86Config</filename> must contain these lines:</para>
- <para><screen>
-Section "Module"
- Load "v4l"
-EndSection</screen></para>
-
- <para>As of XFree86 4.2 this driver still supports only V4L
-ioctls, however it should work just fine with all V4L2 devices through
-the V4L2 backward-compatibility layer. Since V4L2 permits multiple
-opens it is possible (if supported by the V4L2 driver) to capture
-video while an X client requested video overlay. Restrictions of
-simultaneous capturing and overlay are discussed in <xref
- linkend="overlay" /> apply.</para>
-
- <para>Only marginally related to V4L2, XFree86 extended Xv to
-support hardware YUV to RGB conversion and scaling for faster video
-playback, and added an interface to MPEG-2 decoding hardware. This API
-is useful to display images captured with V4L2 devices.</para>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>Digital Video</title>
-
- <para>V4L2 does not support digital terrestrial, cable or
-satellite broadcast. A separate project aiming at digital receivers
-exists. You can find its homepage at <ulink
-url="http://linuxtv.org">http://linuxtv.org</ulink>. The Linux DVB API
-has no connection to the V4L2 API except that drivers for hybrid
-hardware may support both.</para>
- </section>
-
- <section>
- <title>Audio Interfaces</title>
-
- <para>[to do - OSS/ALSA]</para>
- </section>
- </section>
-
- <section id="experimental">
- <title>Experimental API Elements</title>
-
- <para>The following V4L2 API elements are currently experimental
-and may change in the future.</para>
-
- <itemizedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>Video Output Overlay (OSD) Interface, <xref
- linkend="osd" />.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para><constant>V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_OUTPUT_OVERLAY</constant>,
- &v4l2-buf-type;, <xref linkend="v4l2-buf-type" />.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para><constant>V4L2_CAP_VIDEO_OUTPUT_OVERLAY</constant>,
-&VIDIOC-QUERYCAP; ioctl, <xref linkend="device-capabilities" />.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>&VIDIOC-ENUM-FRAMESIZES; and
-&VIDIOC-ENUM-FRAMEINTERVALS; ioctls.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>&VIDIOC-G-ENC-INDEX; ioctl.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>&VIDIOC-ENCODER-CMD; and &VIDIOC-TRY-ENCODER-CMD;
-ioctls.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>&VIDIOC-DECODER-CMD; and &VIDIOC-TRY-DECODER-CMD;
-ioctls.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>&VIDIOC-DBG-G-REGISTER; and &VIDIOC-DBG-S-REGISTER;
-ioctls.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>&VIDIOC-DBG-G-CHIP-IDENT; ioctl.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>&VIDIOC-ENUM-DV-TIMINGS;, &VIDIOC-QUERY-DV-TIMINGS; and
- &VIDIOC-DV-TIMINGS-CAP; ioctls.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>Flash API. <xref linkend="flash-controls" /></para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>&VIDIOC-CREATE-BUFS; and &VIDIOC-PREPARE-BUF; ioctls.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>Selection API. <xref linkend="selection-api" /></para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>Sub-device selection API: &VIDIOC-SUBDEV-G-SELECTION;
- and &VIDIOC-SUBDEV-S-SELECTION; ioctls.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para><link linkend="v4l2-auto-focus-area"><constant>
- V4L2_CID_AUTO_FOCUS_AREA</constant></link> control.</para>
- </listitem>
- </itemizedlist>
- </section>
-
- <section id="obsolete">
- <title>Obsolete API Elements</title>
-
- <para>The following V4L2 API elements were superseded by new
-interfaces and should not be implemented in new drivers.</para>
-
- <itemizedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para><constant>VIDIOC_G_MPEGCOMP</constant> and
-<constant>VIDIOC_S_MPEGCOMP</constant> ioctls. Use Extended Controls,
-<xref linkend="extended-controls" />.</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para>&VIDIOC-G-DV-PRESET;, &VIDIOC-S-DV-PRESET;, &VIDIOC-ENUM-DV-PRESETS; and
- &VIDIOC-QUERY-DV-PRESET; ioctls. Use the DV Timings API (<xref linkend="dv-timings" />).</para>
- </listitem>
- <listitem>
- <para><constant>VIDIOC_SUBDEV_G_CROP</constant> and
- <constant>VIDIOC_SUBDEV_S_CROP</constant> ioctls. Use
- <constant>VIDIOC_SUBDEV_G_SELECTION</constant> and
- <constant>VIDIOC_SUBDEV_S_SELECTION</constant>, <xref
- linkend="vidioc-subdev-g-selection" />.</para>
- </listitem>
- </itemizedlist>
- </section>
- </section>