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authorAnton Arapov <anton@redhat.com>2012-04-16 10:05:28 +0200
committerAnton Arapov <anton@redhat.com>2012-04-16 10:05:28 +0200
commitb4b6116a13633898cf868f2f103c96a90c4c20f8 (patch)
tree93d1b7e2cfcdf473d8d4ff3ad141fa864f8491f6 /kernel/time/ntp.c
parentedd4be777c953e5faafc80d091d3084b4343f5d3 (diff)
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fedora kernel: d9aad82f3319f3cfd1aebc01234254ef0c37ad84v3.3.2-1
Signed-off-by: Anton Arapov <anton@redhat.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel/time/ntp.c')
-rw-r--r--kernel/time/ntp.c972
1 files changed, 972 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/time/ntp.c b/kernel/time/ntp.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..4b85a7a7252
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/time/ntp.c
@@ -0,0 +1,972 @@
+/*
+ * NTP state machine interfaces and logic.
+ *
+ * This code was mainly moved from kernel/timer.c and kernel/time.c
+ * Please see those files for relevant copyright info and historical
+ * changelogs.
+ */
+#include <linux/capability.h>
+#include <linux/clocksource.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>
+#include <linux/hrtimer.h>
+#include <linux/jiffies.h>
+#include <linux/math64.h>
+#include <linux/timex.h>
+#include <linux/time.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+
+#include "tick-internal.h"
+
+/*
+ * NTP timekeeping variables:
+ */
+
+/* USER_HZ period (usecs): */
+unsigned long tick_usec = TICK_USEC;
+
+/* ACTHZ period (nsecs): */
+unsigned long tick_nsec;
+
+u64 tick_length;
+static u64 tick_length_base;
+
+static struct hrtimer leap_timer;
+
+#define MAX_TICKADJ 500LL /* usecs */
+#define MAX_TICKADJ_SCALED \
+ (((MAX_TICKADJ * NSEC_PER_USEC) << NTP_SCALE_SHIFT) / NTP_INTERVAL_FREQ)
+
+/*
+ * phase-lock loop variables
+ */
+
+/*
+ * clock synchronization status
+ *
+ * (TIME_ERROR prevents overwriting the CMOS clock)
+ */
+static int time_state = TIME_OK;
+
+/* clock status bits: */
+int time_status = STA_UNSYNC;
+
+/* TAI offset (secs): */
+static long time_tai;
+
+/* time adjustment (nsecs): */
+static s64 time_offset;
+
+/* pll time constant: */
+static long time_constant = 2;
+
+/* maximum error (usecs): */
+static long time_maxerror = NTP_PHASE_LIMIT;
+
+/* estimated error (usecs): */
+static long time_esterror = NTP_PHASE_LIMIT;
+
+/* frequency offset (scaled nsecs/secs): */
+static s64 time_freq;
+
+/* time at last adjustment (secs): */
+static long time_reftime;
+
+static long time_adjust;
+
+/* constant (boot-param configurable) NTP tick adjustment (upscaled) */
+static s64 ntp_tick_adj;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_NTP_PPS
+
+/*
+ * The following variables are used when a pulse-per-second (PPS) signal
+ * is available. They establish the engineering parameters of the clock
+ * discipline loop when controlled by the PPS signal.
+ */
+#define PPS_VALID 10 /* PPS signal watchdog max (s) */
+#define PPS_POPCORN 4 /* popcorn spike threshold (shift) */
+#define PPS_INTMIN 2 /* min freq interval (s) (shift) */
+#define PPS_INTMAX 8 /* max freq interval (s) (shift) */
+#define PPS_INTCOUNT 4 /* number of consecutive good intervals to
+ increase pps_shift or consecutive bad
+ intervals to decrease it */
+#define PPS_MAXWANDER 100000 /* max PPS freq wander (ns/s) */
+
+static int pps_valid; /* signal watchdog counter */
+static long pps_tf[3]; /* phase median filter */
+static long pps_jitter; /* current jitter (ns) */
+static struct timespec pps_fbase; /* beginning of the last freq interval */
+static int pps_shift; /* current interval duration (s) (shift) */
+static int pps_intcnt; /* interval counter */
+static s64 pps_freq; /* frequency offset (scaled ns/s) */
+static long pps_stabil; /* current stability (scaled ns/s) */
+
+/*
+ * PPS signal quality monitors
+ */
+static long pps_calcnt; /* calibration intervals */
+static long pps_jitcnt; /* jitter limit exceeded */
+static long pps_stbcnt; /* stability limit exceeded */
+static long pps_errcnt; /* calibration errors */
+
+
+/* PPS kernel consumer compensates the whole phase error immediately.
+ * Otherwise, reduce the offset by a fixed factor times the time constant.
+ */
+static inline s64 ntp_offset_chunk(s64 offset)
+{
+ if (time_status & STA_PPSTIME && time_status & STA_PPSSIGNAL)
+ return offset;
+ else
+ return shift_right(offset, SHIFT_PLL + time_constant);
+}
+
+static inline void pps_reset_freq_interval(void)
+{
+ /* the PPS calibration interval may end
+ surprisingly early */
+ pps_shift = PPS_INTMIN;
+ pps_intcnt = 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * pps_clear - Clears the PPS state variables
+ *
+ * Must be called while holding a write on the xtime_lock
+ */
+static inline void pps_clear(void)
+{
+ pps_reset_freq_interval();
+ pps_tf[0] = 0;
+ pps_tf[1] = 0;
+ pps_tf[2] = 0;
+ pps_fbase.tv_sec = pps_fbase.tv_nsec = 0;
+ pps_freq = 0;
+}
+
+/* Decrease pps_valid to indicate that another second has passed since
+ * the last PPS signal. When it reaches 0, indicate that PPS signal is
+ * missing.
+ *
+ * Must be called while holding a write on the xtime_lock
+ */
+static inline void pps_dec_valid(void)
+{
+ if (pps_valid > 0)
+ pps_valid--;
+ else {
+ time_status &= ~(STA_PPSSIGNAL | STA_PPSJITTER |
+ STA_PPSWANDER | STA_PPSERROR);
+ pps_clear();
+ }
+}
+
+static inline void pps_set_freq(s64 freq)
+{
+ pps_freq = freq;
+}
+
+static inline int is_error_status(int status)
+{
+ return (time_status & (STA_UNSYNC|STA_CLOCKERR))
+ /* PPS signal lost when either PPS time or
+ * PPS frequency synchronization requested
+ */
+ || ((time_status & (STA_PPSFREQ|STA_PPSTIME))
+ && !(time_status & STA_PPSSIGNAL))
+ /* PPS jitter exceeded when
+ * PPS time synchronization requested */
+ || ((time_status & (STA_PPSTIME|STA_PPSJITTER))
+ == (STA_PPSTIME|STA_PPSJITTER))
+ /* PPS wander exceeded or calibration error when
+ * PPS frequency synchronization requested
+ */
+ || ((time_status & STA_PPSFREQ)
+ && (time_status & (STA_PPSWANDER|STA_PPSERROR)));
+}
+
+static inline void pps_fill_timex(struct timex *txc)
+{
+ txc->ppsfreq = shift_right((pps_freq >> PPM_SCALE_INV_SHIFT) *
+ PPM_SCALE_INV, NTP_SCALE_SHIFT);
+ txc->jitter = pps_jitter;
+ if (!(time_status & STA_NANO))
+ txc->jitter /= NSEC_PER_USEC;
+ txc->shift = pps_shift;
+ txc->stabil = pps_stabil;
+ txc->jitcnt = pps_jitcnt;
+ txc->calcnt = pps_calcnt;
+ txc->errcnt = pps_errcnt;
+ txc->stbcnt = pps_stbcnt;
+}
+
+#else /* !CONFIG_NTP_PPS */
+
+static inline s64 ntp_offset_chunk(s64 offset)
+{
+ return shift_right(offset, SHIFT_PLL + time_constant);
+}
+
+static inline void pps_reset_freq_interval(void) {}
+static inline void pps_clear(void) {}
+static inline void pps_dec_valid(void) {}
+static inline void pps_set_freq(s64 freq) {}
+
+static inline int is_error_status(int status)
+{
+ return status & (STA_UNSYNC|STA_CLOCKERR);
+}
+
+static inline void pps_fill_timex(struct timex *txc)
+{
+ /* PPS is not implemented, so these are zero */
+ txc->ppsfreq = 0;
+ txc->jitter = 0;
+ txc->shift = 0;
+ txc->stabil = 0;
+ txc->jitcnt = 0;
+ txc->calcnt = 0;
+ txc->errcnt = 0;
+ txc->stbcnt = 0;
+}
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_NTP_PPS */
+
+/*
+ * NTP methods:
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Update (tick_length, tick_length_base, tick_nsec), based
+ * on (tick_usec, ntp_tick_adj, time_freq):
+ */
+static void ntp_update_frequency(void)
+{
+ u64 second_length;
+ u64 new_base;
+
+ second_length = (u64)(tick_usec * NSEC_PER_USEC * USER_HZ)
+ << NTP_SCALE_SHIFT;
+
+ second_length += ntp_tick_adj;
+ second_length += time_freq;
+
+ tick_nsec = div_u64(second_length, HZ) >> NTP_SCALE_SHIFT;
+ new_base = div_u64(second_length, NTP_INTERVAL_FREQ);
+
+ /*
+ * Don't wait for the next second_overflow, apply
+ * the change to the tick length immediately:
+ */
+ tick_length += new_base - tick_length_base;
+ tick_length_base = new_base;
+}
+
+static inline s64 ntp_update_offset_fll(s64 offset64, long secs)
+{
+ time_status &= ~STA_MODE;
+
+ if (secs < MINSEC)
+ return 0;
+
+ if (!(time_status & STA_FLL) && (secs <= MAXSEC))
+ return 0;
+
+ time_status |= STA_MODE;
+
+ return div64_long(offset64 << (NTP_SCALE_SHIFT - SHIFT_FLL), secs);
+}
+
+static void ntp_update_offset(long offset)
+{
+ s64 freq_adj;
+ s64 offset64;
+ long secs;
+
+ if (!(time_status & STA_PLL))
+ return;
+
+ if (!(time_status & STA_NANO))
+ offset *= NSEC_PER_USEC;
+
+ /*
+ * Scale the phase adjustment and
+ * clamp to the operating range.
+ */
+ offset = min(offset, MAXPHASE);
+ offset = max(offset, -MAXPHASE);
+
+ /*
+ * Select how the frequency is to be controlled
+ * and in which mode (PLL or FLL).
+ */
+ secs = get_seconds() - time_reftime;
+ if (unlikely(time_status & STA_FREQHOLD))
+ secs = 0;
+
+ time_reftime = get_seconds();
+
+ offset64 = offset;
+ freq_adj = ntp_update_offset_fll(offset64, secs);
+
+ /*
+ * Clamp update interval to reduce PLL gain with low
+ * sampling rate (e.g. intermittent network connection)
+ * to avoid instability.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(secs > 1 << (SHIFT_PLL + 1 + time_constant)))
+ secs = 1 << (SHIFT_PLL + 1 + time_constant);
+
+ freq_adj += (offset64 * secs) <<
+ (NTP_SCALE_SHIFT - 2 * (SHIFT_PLL + 2 + time_constant));
+
+ freq_adj = min(freq_adj + time_freq, MAXFREQ_SCALED);
+
+ time_freq = max(freq_adj, -MAXFREQ_SCALED);
+
+ time_offset = div_s64(offset64 << NTP_SCALE_SHIFT, NTP_INTERVAL_FREQ);
+}
+
+/**
+ * ntp_clear - Clears the NTP state variables
+ *
+ * Must be called while holding a write on the xtime_lock
+ */
+void ntp_clear(void)
+{
+ time_adjust = 0; /* stop active adjtime() */
+ time_status |= STA_UNSYNC;
+ time_maxerror = NTP_PHASE_LIMIT;
+ time_esterror = NTP_PHASE_LIMIT;
+
+ ntp_update_frequency();
+
+ tick_length = tick_length_base;
+ time_offset = 0;
+
+ /* Clear PPS state variables */
+ pps_clear();
+}
+
+/*
+ * Leap second processing. If in leap-insert state at the end of the
+ * day, the system clock is set back one second; if in leap-delete
+ * state, the system clock is set ahead one second.
+ */
+static enum hrtimer_restart ntp_leap_second(struct hrtimer *timer)
+{
+ enum hrtimer_restart res = HRTIMER_NORESTART;
+
+ write_seqlock(&xtime_lock);
+
+ switch (time_state) {
+ case TIME_OK:
+ break;
+ case TIME_INS:
+ timekeeping_leap_insert(-1);
+ time_state = TIME_OOP;
+ printk(KERN_NOTICE
+ "Clock: inserting leap second 23:59:60 UTC\n");
+ hrtimer_add_expires_ns(&leap_timer, NSEC_PER_SEC);
+ res = HRTIMER_RESTART;
+ break;
+ case TIME_DEL:
+ timekeeping_leap_insert(1);
+ time_tai--;
+ time_state = TIME_WAIT;
+ printk(KERN_NOTICE
+ "Clock: deleting leap second 23:59:59 UTC\n");
+ break;
+ case TIME_OOP:
+ time_tai++;
+ time_state = TIME_WAIT;
+ /* fall through */
+ case TIME_WAIT:
+ if (!(time_status & (STA_INS | STA_DEL)))
+ time_state = TIME_OK;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ write_sequnlock(&xtime_lock);
+
+ return res;
+}
+
+/*
+ * this routine handles the overflow of the microsecond field
+ *
+ * The tricky bits of code to handle the accurate clock support
+ * were provided by Dave Mills (Mills@UDEL.EDU) of NTP fame.
+ * They were originally developed for SUN and DEC kernels.
+ * All the kudos should go to Dave for this stuff.
+ */
+void second_overflow(void)
+{
+ s64 delta;
+
+ /* Bump the maxerror field */
+ time_maxerror += MAXFREQ / NSEC_PER_USEC;
+ if (time_maxerror > NTP_PHASE_LIMIT) {
+ time_maxerror = NTP_PHASE_LIMIT;
+ time_status |= STA_UNSYNC;
+ }
+
+ /* Compute the phase adjustment for the next second */
+ tick_length = tick_length_base;
+
+ delta = ntp_offset_chunk(time_offset);
+ time_offset -= delta;
+ tick_length += delta;
+
+ /* Check PPS signal */
+ pps_dec_valid();
+
+ if (!time_adjust)
+ return;
+
+ if (time_adjust > MAX_TICKADJ) {
+ time_adjust -= MAX_TICKADJ;
+ tick_length += MAX_TICKADJ_SCALED;
+ return;
+ }
+
+ if (time_adjust < -MAX_TICKADJ) {
+ time_adjust += MAX_TICKADJ;
+ tick_length -= MAX_TICKADJ_SCALED;
+ return;
+ }
+
+ tick_length += (s64)(time_adjust * NSEC_PER_USEC / NTP_INTERVAL_FREQ)
+ << NTP_SCALE_SHIFT;
+ time_adjust = 0;
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_CMOS_UPDATE
+
+/* Disable the cmos update - used by virtualization and embedded */
+int no_sync_cmos_clock __read_mostly;
+
+static void sync_cmos_clock(struct work_struct *work);
+
+static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(sync_cmos_work, sync_cmos_clock);
+
+static void sync_cmos_clock(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ struct timespec now, next;
+ int fail = 1;
+
+ /*
+ * If we have an externally synchronized Linux clock, then update
+ * CMOS clock accordingly every ~11 minutes. Set_rtc_mmss() has to be
+ * called as close as possible to 500 ms before the new second starts.
+ * This code is run on a timer. If the clock is set, that timer
+ * may not expire at the correct time. Thus, we adjust...
+ */
+ if (!ntp_synced()) {
+ /*
+ * Not synced, exit, do not restart a timer (if one is
+ * running, let it run out).
+ */
+ return;
+ }
+
+ getnstimeofday(&now);
+ if (abs(now.tv_nsec - (NSEC_PER_SEC / 2)) <= tick_nsec / 2)
+ fail = update_persistent_clock(now);
+
+ next.tv_nsec = (NSEC_PER_SEC / 2) - now.tv_nsec - (TICK_NSEC / 2);
+ if (next.tv_nsec <= 0)
+ next.tv_nsec += NSEC_PER_SEC;
+
+ if (!fail)
+ next.tv_sec = 659;
+ else
+ next.tv_sec = 0;
+
+ if (next.tv_nsec >= NSEC_PER_SEC) {
+ next.tv_sec++;
+ next.tv_nsec -= NSEC_PER_SEC;
+ }
+ schedule_delayed_work(&sync_cmos_work, timespec_to_jiffies(&next));
+}
+
+static void notify_cmos_timer(void)
+{
+ if (!no_sync_cmos_clock)
+ schedule_delayed_work(&sync_cmos_work, 0);
+}
+
+#else
+static inline void notify_cmos_timer(void) { }
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * Start the leap seconds timer:
+ */
+static inline void ntp_start_leap_timer(struct timespec *ts)
+{
+ long now = ts->tv_sec;
+
+ if (time_status & STA_INS) {
+ time_state = TIME_INS;
+ now += 86400 - now % 86400;
+ hrtimer_start(&leap_timer, ktime_set(now, 0), HRTIMER_MODE_ABS);
+
+ return;
+ }
+
+ if (time_status & STA_DEL) {
+ time_state = TIME_DEL;
+ now += 86400 - (now + 1) % 86400;
+ hrtimer_start(&leap_timer, ktime_set(now, 0), HRTIMER_MODE_ABS);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Propagate a new txc->status value into the NTP state:
+ */
+static inline void process_adj_status(struct timex *txc, struct timespec *ts)
+{
+ if ((time_status & STA_PLL) && !(txc->status & STA_PLL)) {
+ time_state = TIME_OK;
+ time_status = STA_UNSYNC;
+ /* restart PPS frequency calibration */
+ pps_reset_freq_interval();
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * If we turn on PLL adjustments then reset the
+ * reference time to current time.
+ */
+ if (!(time_status & STA_PLL) && (txc->status & STA_PLL))
+ time_reftime = get_seconds();
+
+ /* only set allowed bits */
+ time_status &= STA_RONLY;
+ time_status |= txc->status & ~STA_RONLY;
+
+ switch (time_state) {
+ case TIME_OK:
+ ntp_start_leap_timer(ts);
+ break;
+ case TIME_INS:
+ case TIME_DEL:
+ time_state = TIME_OK;
+ ntp_start_leap_timer(ts);
+ case TIME_WAIT:
+ if (!(time_status & (STA_INS | STA_DEL)))
+ time_state = TIME_OK;
+ break;
+ case TIME_OOP:
+ hrtimer_restart(&leap_timer);
+ break;
+ }
+}
+/*
+ * Called with the xtime lock held, so we can access and modify
+ * all the global NTP state:
+ */
+static inline void process_adjtimex_modes(struct timex *txc, struct timespec *ts)
+{
+ if (txc->modes & ADJ_STATUS)
+ process_adj_status(txc, ts);
+
+ if (txc->modes & ADJ_NANO)
+ time_status |= STA_NANO;
+
+ if (txc->modes & ADJ_MICRO)
+ time_status &= ~STA_NANO;
+
+ if (txc->modes & ADJ_FREQUENCY) {
+ time_freq = txc->freq * PPM_SCALE;
+ time_freq = min(time_freq, MAXFREQ_SCALED);
+ time_freq = max(time_freq, -MAXFREQ_SCALED);
+ /* update pps_freq */
+ pps_set_freq(time_freq);
+ }
+
+ if (txc->modes & ADJ_MAXERROR)
+ time_maxerror = txc->maxerror;
+
+ if (txc->modes & ADJ_ESTERROR)
+ time_esterror = txc->esterror;
+
+ if (txc->modes & ADJ_TIMECONST) {
+ time_constant = txc->constant;
+ if (!(time_status & STA_NANO))
+ time_constant += 4;
+ time_constant = min(time_constant, (long)MAXTC);
+ time_constant = max(time_constant, 0l);
+ }
+
+ if (txc->modes & ADJ_TAI && txc->constant > 0)
+ time_tai = txc->constant;
+
+ if (txc->modes & ADJ_OFFSET)
+ ntp_update_offset(txc->offset);
+
+ if (txc->modes & ADJ_TICK)
+ tick_usec = txc->tick;
+
+ if (txc->modes & (ADJ_TICK|ADJ_FREQUENCY|ADJ_OFFSET))
+ ntp_update_frequency();
+}
+
+/*
+ * adjtimex mainly allows reading (and writing, if superuser) of
+ * kernel time-keeping variables. used by xntpd.
+ */
+int do_adjtimex(struct timex *txc)
+{
+ struct timespec ts;
+ int result;
+
+ /* Validate the data before disabling interrupts */
+ if (txc->modes & ADJ_ADJTIME) {
+ /* singleshot must not be used with any other mode bits */
+ if (!(txc->modes & ADJ_OFFSET_SINGLESHOT))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (!(txc->modes & ADJ_OFFSET_READONLY) &&
+ !capable(CAP_SYS_TIME))
+ return -EPERM;
+ } else {
+ /* In order to modify anything, you gotta be super-user! */
+ if (txc->modes && !capable(CAP_SYS_TIME))
+ return -EPERM;
+
+ /*
+ * if the quartz is off by more than 10% then
+ * something is VERY wrong!
+ */
+ if (txc->modes & ADJ_TICK &&
+ (txc->tick < 900000/USER_HZ ||
+ txc->tick > 1100000/USER_HZ))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (txc->modes & ADJ_STATUS && time_state != TIME_OK)
+ hrtimer_cancel(&leap_timer);
+ }
+
+ if (txc->modes & ADJ_SETOFFSET) {
+ struct timespec delta;
+ delta.tv_sec = txc->time.tv_sec;
+ delta.tv_nsec = txc->time.tv_usec;
+ if (!capable(CAP_SYS_TIME))
+ return -EPERM;
+ if (!(txc->modes & ADJ_NANO))
+ delta.tv_nsec *= 1000;
+ result = timekeeping_inject_offset(&delta);
+ if (result)
+ return result;
+ }
+
+ getnstimeofday(&ts);
+
+ write_seqlock_irq(&xtime_lock);
+
+ if (txc->modes & ADJ_ADJTIME) {
+ long save_adjust = time_adjust;
+
+ if (!(txc->modes & ADJ_OFFSET_READONLY)) {
+ /* adjtime() is independent from ntp_adjtime() */
+ time_adjust = txc->offset;
+ ntp_update_frequency();
+ }
+ txc->offset = save_adjust;
+ } else {
+
+ /* If there are input parameters, then process them: */
+ if (txc->modes)
+ process_adjtimex_modes(txc, &ts);
+
+ txc->offset = shift_right(time_offset * NTP_INTERVAL_FREQ,
+ NTP_SCALE_SHIFT);
+ if (!(time_status & STA_NANO))
+ txc->offset /= NSEC_PER_USEC;
+ }
+
+ result = time_state; /* mostly `TIME_OK' */
+ /* check for errors */
+ if (is_error_status(time_status))
+ result = TIME_ERROR;
+
+ txc->freq = shift_right((time_freq >> PPM_SCALE_INV_SHIFT) *
+ PPM_SCALE_INV, NTP_SCALE_SHIFT);
+ txc->maxerror = time_maxerror;
+ txc->esterror = time_esterror;
+ txc->status = time_status;
+ txc->constant = time_constant;
+ txc->precision = 1;
+ txc->tolerance = MAXFREQ_SCALED / PPM_SCALE;
+ txc->tick = tick_usec;
+ txc->tai = time_tai;
+
+ /* fill PPS status fields */
+ pps_fill_timex(txc);
+
+ write_sequnlock_irq(&xtime_lock);
+
+ txc->time.tv_sec = ts.tv_sec;
+ txc->time.tv_usec = ts.tv_nsec;
+ if (!(time_status & STA_NANO))
+ txc->time.tv_usec /= NSEC_PER_USEC;
+
+ notify_cmos_timer();
+
+ return result;
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_NTP_PPS
+
+/* actually struct pps_normtime is good old struct timespec, but it is
+ * semantically different (and it is the reason why it was invented):
+ * pps_normtime.nsec has a range of ( -NSEC_PER_SEC / 2, NSEC_PER_SEC / 2 ]
+ * while timespec.tv_nsec has a range of [0, NSEC_PER_SEC) */
+struct pps_normtime {
+ __kernel_time_t sec; /* seconds */
+ long nsec; /* nanoseconds */
+};
+
+/* normalize the timestamp so that nsec is in the
+ ( -NSEC_PER_SEC / 2, NSEC_PER_SEC / 2 ] interval */
+static inline struct pps_normtime pps_normalize_ts(struct timespec ts)
+{
+ struct pps_normtime norm = {
+ .sec = ts.tv_sec,
+ .nsec = ts.tv_nsec
+ };
+
+ if (norm.nsec > (NSEC_PER_SEC >> 1)) {
+ norm.nsec -= NSEC_PER_SEC;
+ norm.sec++;
+ }
+
+ return norm;
+}
+
+/* get current phase correction and jitter */
+static inline long pps_phase_filter_get(long *jitter)
+{
+ *jitter = pps_tf[0] - pps_tf[1];
+ if (*jitter < 0)
+ *jitter = -*jitter;
+
+ /* TODO: test various filters */
+ return pps_tf[0];
+}
+
+/* add the sample to the phase filter */
+static inline void pps_phase_filter_add(long err)
+{
+ pps_tf[2] = pps_tf[1];
+ pps_tf[1] = pps_tf[0];
+ pps_tf[0] = err;
+}
+
+/* decrease frequency calibration interval length.
+ * It is halved after four consecutive unstable intervals.
+ */
+static inline void pps_dec_freq_interval(void)
+{
+ if (--pps_intcnt <= -PPS_INTCOUNT) {
+ pps_intcnt = -PPS_INTCOUNT;
+ if (pps_shift > PPS_INTMIN) {
+ pps_shift--;
+ pps_intcnt = 0;
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+/* increase frequency calibration interval length.
+ * It is doubled after four consecutive stable intervals.
+ */
+static inline void pps_inc_freq_interval(void)
+{
+ if (++pps_intcnt >= PPS_INTCOUNT) {
+ pps_intcnt = PPS_INTCOUNT;
+ if (pps_shift < PPS_INTMAX) {
+ pps_shift++;
+ pps_intcnt = 0;
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+/* update clock frequency based on MONOTONIC_RAW clock PPS signal
+ * timestamps
+ *
+ * At the end of the calibration interval the difference between the
+ * first and last MONOTONIC_RAW clock timestamps divided by the length
+ * of the interval becomes the frequency update. If the interval was
+ * too long, the data are discarded.
+ * Returns the difference between old and new frequency values.
+ */
+static long hardpps_update_freq(struct pps_normtime freq_norm)
+{
+ long delta, delta_mod;
+ s64 ftemp;
+
+ /* check if the frequency interval was too long */
+ if (freq_norm.sec > (2 << pps_shift)) {
+ time_status |= STA_PPSERROR;
+ pps_errcnt++;
+ pps_dec_freq_interval();
+ pr_err("hardpps: PPSERROR: interval too long - %ld s\n",
+ freq_norm.sec);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /* here the raw frequency offset and wander (stability) is
+ * calculated. If the wander is less than the wander threshold
+ * the interval is increased; otherwise it is decreased.
+ */
+ ftemp = div_s64(((s64)(-freq_norm.nsec)) << NTP_SCALE_SHIFT,
+ freq_norm.sec);
+ delta = shift_right(ftemp - pps_freq, NTP_SCALE_SHIFT);
+ pps_freq = ftemp;
+ if (delta > PPS_MAXWANDER || delta < -PPS_MAXWANDER) {
+ pr_warning("hardpps: PPSWANDER: change=%ld\n", delta);
+ time_status |= STA_PPSWANDER;
+ pps_stbcnt++;
+ pps_dec_freq_interval();
+ } else { /* good sample */
+ pps_inc_freq_interval();
+ }
+
+ /* the stability metric is calculated as the average of recent
+ * frequency changes, but is used only for performance
+ * monitoring
+ */
+ delta_mod = delta;
+ if (delta_mod < 0)
+ delta_mod = -delta_mod;
+ pps_stabil += (div_s64(((s64)delta_mod) <<
+ (NTP_SCALE_SHIFT - SHIFT_USEC),
+ NSEC_PER_USEC) - pps_stabil) >> PPS_INTMIN;
+
+ /* if enabled, the system clock frequency is updated */
+ if ((time_status & STA_PPSFREQ) != 0 &&
+ (time_status & STA_FREQHOLD) == 0) {
+ time_freq = pps_freq;
+ ntp_update_frequency();
+ }
+
+ return delta;
+}
+
+/* correct REALTIME clock phase error against PPS signal */
+static void hardpps_update_phase(long error)
+{
+ long correction = -error;
+ long jitter;
+
+ /* add the sample to the median filter */
+ pps_phase_filter_add(correction);
+ correction = pps_phase_filter_get(&jitter);
+
+ /* Nominal jitter is due to PPS signal noise. If it exceeds the
+ * threshold, the sample is discarded; otherwise, if so enabled,
+ * the time offset is updated.
+ */
+ if (jitter > (pps_jitter << PPS_POPCORN)) {
+ pr_warning("hardpps: PPSJITTER: jitter=%ld, limit=%ld\n",
+ jitter, (pps_jitter << PPS_POPCORN));
+ time_status |= STA_PPSJITTER;
+ pps_jitcnt++;
+ } else if (time_status & STA_PPSTIME) {
+ /* correct the time using the phase offset */
+ time_offset = div_s64(((s64)correction) << NTP_SCALE_SHIFT,
+ NTP_INTERVAL_FREQ);
+ /* cancel running adjtime() */
+ time_adjust = 0;
+ }
+ /* update jitter */
+ pps_jitter += (jitter - pps_jitter) >> PPS_INTMIN;
+}
+
+/*
+ * hardpps() - discipline CPU clock oscillator to external PPS signal
+ *
+ * This routine is called at each PPS signal arrival in order to
+ * discipline the CPU clock oscillator to the PPS signal. It takes two
+ * parameters: REALTIME and MONOTONIC_RAW clock timestamps. The former
+ * is used to correct clock phase error and the latter is used to
+ * correct the frequency.
+ *
+ * This code is based on David Mills's reference nanokernel
+ * implementation. It was mostly rewritten but keeps the same idea.
+ */
+void hardpps(const struct timespec *phase_ts, const struct timespec *raw_ts)
+{
+ struct pps_normtime pts_norm, freq_norm;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ pts_norm = pps_normalize_ts(*phase_ts);
+
+ write_seqlock_irqsave(&xtime_lock, flags);
+
+ /* clear the error bits, they will be set again if needed */
+ time_status &= ~(STA_PPSJITTER | STA_PPSWANDER | STA_PPSERROR);
+
+ /* indicate signal presence */
+ time_status |= STA_PPSSIGNAL;
+ pps_valid = PPS_VALID;
+
+ /* when called for the first time,
+ * just start the frequency interval */
+ if (unlikely(pps_fbase.tv_sec == 0)) {
+ pps_fbase = *raw_ts;
+ write_sequnlock_irqrestore(&xtime_lock, flags);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /* ok, now we have a base for frequency calculation */
+ freq_norm = pps_normalize_ts(timespec_sub(*raw_ts, pps_fbase));
+
+ /* check that the signal is in the range
+ * [1s - MAXFREQ us, 1s + MAXFREQ us], otherwise reject it */
+ if ((freq_norm.sec == 0) ||
+ (freq_norm.nsec > MAXFREQ * freq_norm.sec) ||
+ (freq_norm.nsec < -MAXFREQ * freq_norm.sec)) {
+ time_status |= STA_PPSJITTER;
+ /* restart the frequency calibration interval */
+ pps_fbase = *raw_ts;
+ write_sequnlock_irqrestore(&xtime_lock, flags);
+ pr_err("hardpps: PPSJITTER: bad pulse\n");
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /* signal is ok */
+
+ /* check if the current frequency interval is finished */
+ if (freq_norm.sec >= (1 << pps_shift)) {
+ pps_calcnt++;
+ /* restart the frequency calibration interval */
+ pps_fbase = *raw_ts;
+ hardpps_update_freq(freq_norm);
+ }
+
+ hardpps_update_phase(pts_norm.nsec);
+
+ write_sequnlock_irqrestore(&xtime_lock, flags);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(hardpps);
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_NTP_PPS */
+
+static int __init ntp_tick_adj_setup(char *str)
+{
+ ntp_tick_adj = simple_strtol(str, NULL, 0);
+ ntp_tick_adj <<= NTP_SCALE_SHIFT;
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+__setup("ntp_tick_adj=", ntp_tick_adj_setup);
+
+void __init ntp_init(void)
+{
+ ntp_clear();
+ hrtimer_init(&leap_timer, CLOCK_REALTIME, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS);
+ leap_timer.function = ntp_leap_second;
+}