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authorAnton Arapov <anton@redhat.com>2012-04-16 10:05:28 +0200
committerAnton Arapov <anton@redhat.com>2012-04-16 10:05:28 +0200
commitb4b6116a13633898cf868f2f103c96a90c4c20f8 (patch)
tree93d1b7e2cfcdf473d8d4ff3ad141fa864f8491f6 /arch/powerpc/sysdev/dart_iommu.c
parentedd4be777c953e5faafc80d091d3084b4343f5d3 (diff)
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fedora kernel: d9aad82f3319f3cfd1aebc01234254ef0c37ad84v3.3.2-1
Signed-off-by: Anton Arapov <anton@redhat.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/powerpc/sysdev/dart_iommu.c')
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/sysdev/dart_iommu.c469
1 files changed, 469 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/sysdev/dart_iommu.c b/arch/powerpc/sysdev/dart_iommu.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..4f2680f431b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/powerpc/sysdev/dart_iommu.c
@@ -0,0 +1,469 @@
+/*
+ * arch/powerpc/sysdev/dart_iommu.c
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2004 Olof Johansson <olof@lixom.net>, IBM Corporation
+ * Copyright (C) 2005 Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>,
+ * IBM Corporation
+ *
+ * Based on pSeries_iommu.c:
+ * Copyright (C) 2001 Mike Corrigan & Dave Engebretsen, IBM Corporation
+ * Copyright (C) 2004 Olof Johansson <olof@lixom.net>, IBM Corporation
+ *
+ * Dynamic DMA mapping support, Apple U3, U4 & IBM CPC925 "DART" iommu.
+ *
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
+ */
+
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
+#include <linux/pci.h>
+#include <linux/dma-mapping.h>
+#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
+#include <linux/suspend.h>
+#include <linux/memblock.h>
+#include <linux/gfp.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+#include <asm/prom.h>
+#include <asm/iommu.h>
+#include <asm/pci-bridge.h>
+#include <asm/machdep.h>
+#include <asm/abs_addr.h>
+#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
+#include <asm/ppc-pci.h>
+
+#include "dart.h"
+
+/* Physical base address and size of the DART table */
+unsigned long dart_tablebase; /* exported to htab_initialize */
+static unsigned long dart_tablesize;
+
+/* Virtual base address of the DART table */
+static u32 *dart_vbase;
+#ifdef CONFIG_PM
+static u32 *dart_copy;
+#endif
+
+/* Mapped base address for the dart */
+static unsigned int __iomem *dart;
+
+/* Dummy val that entries are set to when unused */
+static unsigned int dart_emptyval;
+
+static struct iommu_table iommu_table_dart;
+static int iommu_table_dart_inited;
+static int dart_dirty;
+static int dart_is_u4;
+
+#define DART_U4_BYPASS_BASE 0x8000000000ull
+
+#define DBG(...)
+
+static inline void dart_tlb_invalidate_all(void)
+{
+ unsigned long l = 0;
+ unsigned int reg, inv_bit;
+ unsigned long limit;
+
+ DBG("dart: flush\n");
+
+ /* To invalidate the DART, set the DARTCNTL_FLUSHTLB bit in the
+ * control register and wait for it to clear.
+ *
+ * Gotcha: Sometimes, the DART won't detect that the bit gets
+ * set. If so, clear it and set it again.
+ */
+
+ limit = 0;
+
+ inv_bit = dart_is_u4 ? DART_CNTL_U4_FLUSHTLB : DART_CNTL_U3_FLUSHTLB;
+retry:
+ l = 0;
+ reg = DART_IN(DART_CNTL);
+ reg |= inv_bit;
+ DART_OUT(DART_CNTL, reg);
+
+ while ((DART_IN(DART_CNTL) & inv_bit) && l < (1L << limit))
+ l++;
+ if (l == (1L << limit)) {
+ if (limit < 4) {
+ limit++;
+ reg = DART_IN(DART_CNTL);
+ reg &= ~inv_bit;
+ DART_OUT(DART_CNTL, reg);
+ goto retry;
+ } else
+ panic("DART: TLB did not flush after waiting a long "
+ "time. Buggy U3 ?");
+ }
+}
+
+static inline void dart_tlb_invalidate_one(unsigned long bus_rpn)
+{
+ unsigned int reg;
+ unsigned int l, limit;
+
+ reg = DART_CNTL_U4_ENABLE | DART_CNTL_U4_IONE |
+ (bus_rpn & DART_CNTL_U4_IONE_MASK);
+ DART_OUT(DART_CNTL, reg);
+
+ limit = 0;
+wait_more:
+ l = 0;
+ while ((DART_IN(DART_CNTL) & DART_CNTL_U4_IONE) && l < (1L << limit)) {
+ rmb();
+ l++;
+ }
+
+ if (l == (1L << limit)) {
+ if (limit < 4) {
+ limit++;
+ goto wait_more;
+ } else
+ panic("DART: TLB did not flush after waiting a long "
+ "time. Buggy U4 ?");
+ }
+}
+
+static void dart_flush(struct iommu_table *tbl)
+{
+ mb();
+ if (dart_dirty) {
+ dart_tlb_invalidate_all();
+ dart_dirty = 0;
+ }
+}
+
+static int dart_build(struct iommu_table *tbl, long index,
+ long npages, unsigned long uaddr,
+ enum dma_data_direction direction,
+ struct dma_attrs *attrs)
+{
+ unsigned int *dp;
+ unsigned int rpn;
+ long l;
+
+ DBG("dart: build at: %lx, %lx, addr: %x\n", index, npages, uaddr);
+
+ dp = ((unsigned int*)tbl->it_base) + index;
+
+ /* On U3, all memory is contiguous, so we can move this
+ * out of the loop.
+ */
+ l = npages;
+ while (l--) {
+ rpn = virt_to_abs(uaddr) >> DART_PAGE_SHIFT;
+
+ *(dp++) = DARTMAP_VALID | (rpn & DARTMAP_RPNMASK);
+
+ uaddr += DART_PAGE_SIZE;
+ }
+
+ /* make sure all updates have reached memory */
+ mb();
+ in_be32((unsigned __iomem *)dp);
+ mb();
+
+ if (dart_is_u4) {
+ rpn = index;
+ while (npages--)
+ dart_tlb_invalidate_one(rpn++);
+ } else {
+ dart_dirty = 1;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+
+static void dart_free(struct iommu_table *tbl, long index, long npages)
+{
+ unsigned int *dp;
+
+ /* We don't worry about flushing the TLB cache. The only drawback of
+ * not doing it is that we won't catch buggy device drivers doing
+ * bad DMAs, but then no 32-bit architecture ever does either.
+ */
+
+ DBG("dart: free at: %lx, %lx\n", index, npages);
+
+ dp = ((unsigned int *)tbl->it_base) + index;
+
+ while (npages--)
+ *(dp++) = dart_emptyval;
+}
+
+
+static int __init dart_init(struct device_node *dart_node)
+{
+ unsigned int i;
+ unsigned long tmp, base, size;
+ struct resource r;
+
+ if (dart_tablebase == 0 || dart_tablesize == 0) {
+ printk(KERN_INFO "DART: table not allocated, using "
+ "direct DMA\n");
+ return -ENODEV;
+ }
+
+ if (of_address_to_resource(dart_node, 0, &r))
+ panic("DART: can't get register base ! ");
+
+ /* Make sure nothing from the DART range remains in the CPU cache
+ * from a previous mapping that existed before the kernel took
+ * over
+ */
+ flush_dcache_phys_range(dart_tablebase,
+ dart_tablebase + dart_tablesize);
+
+ /* Allocate a spare page to map all invalid DART pages. We need to do
+ * that to work around what looks like a problem with the HT bridge
+ * prefetching into invalid pages and corrupting data
+ */
+ tmp = memblock_alloc(DART_PAGE_SIZE, DART_PAGE_SIZE);
+ dart_emptyval = DARTMAP_VALID | ((tmp >> DART_PAGE_SHIFT) &
+ DARTMAP_RPNMASK);
+
+ /* Map in DART registers */
+ dart = ioremap(r.start, resource_size(&r));
+ if (dart == NULL)
+ panic("DART: Cannot map registers!");
+
+ /* Map in DART table */
+ dart_vbase = ioremap(virt_to_abs(dart_tablebase), dart_tablesize);
+
+ /* Fill initial table */
+ for (i = 0; i < dart_tablesize/4; i++)
+ dart_vbase[i] = dart_emptyval;
+
+ /* Initialize DART with table base and enable it. */
+ base = dart_tablebase >> DART_PAGE_SHIFT;
+ size = dart_tablesize >> DART_PAGE_SHIFT;
+ if (dart_is_u4) {
+ size &= DART_SIZE_U4_SIZE_MASK;
+ DART_OUT(DART_BASE_U4, base);
+ DART_OUT(DART_SIZE_U4, size);
+ DART_OUT(DART_CNTL, DART_CNTL_U4_ENABLE);
+ } else {
+ size &= DART_CNTL_U3_SIZE_MASK;
+ DART_OUT(DART_CNTL,
+ DART_CNTL_U3_ENABLE |
+ (base << DART_CNTL_U3_BASE_SHIFT) |
+ (size << DART_CNTL_U3_SIZE_SHIFT));
+ }
+
+ /* Invalidate DART to get rid of possible stale TLBs */
+ dart_tlb_invalidate_all();
+
+ printk(KERN_INFO "DART IOMMU initialized for %s type chipset\n",
+ dart_is_u4 ? "U4" : "U3");
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void iommu_table_dart_setup(void)
+{
+ iommu_table_dart.it_busno = 0;
+ iommu_table_dart.it_offset = 0;
+ /* it_size is in number of entries */
+ iommu_table_dart.it_size = dart_tablesize / sizeof(u32);
+
+ /* Initialize the common IOMMU code */
+ iommu_table_dart.it_base = (unsigned long)dart_vbase;
+ iommu_table_dart.it_index = 0;
+ iommu_table_dart.it_blocksize = 1;
+ iommu_init_table(&iommu_table_dart, -1);
+
+ /* Reserve the last page of the DART to avoid possible prefetch
+ * past the DART mapped area
+ */
+ set_bit(iommu_table_dart.it_size - 1, iommu_table_dart.it_map);
+}
+
+static void dma_dev_setup_dart(struct device *dev)
+{
+ /* We only have one iommu table on the mac for now, which makes
+ * things simple. Setup all PCI devices to point to this table
+ */
+ if (get_dma_ops(dev) == &dma_direct_ops)
+ set_dma_offset(dev, DART_U4_BYPASS_BASE);
+ else
+ set_iommu_table_base(dev, &iommu_table_dart);
+}
+
+static void pci_dma_dev_setup_dart(struct pci_dev *dev)
+{
+ dma_dev_setup_dart(&dev->dev);
+}
+
+static void pci_dma_bus_setup_dart(struct pci_bus *bus)
+{
+ if (!iommu_table_dart_inited) {
+ iommu_table_dart_inited = 1;
+ iommu_table_dart_setup();
+ }
+}
+
+static bool dart_device_on_pcie(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct device_node *np = of_node_get(dev->of_node);
+
+ while(np) {
+ if (of_device_is_compatible(np, "U4-pcie") ||
+ of_device_is_compatible(np, "u4-pcie")) {
+ of_node_put(np);
+ return true;
+ }
+ np = of_get_next_parent(np);
+ }
+ return false;
+}
+
+static int dart_dma_set_mask(struct device *dev, u64 dma_mask)
+{
+ if (!dev->dma_mask || !dma_supported(dev, dma_mask))
+ return -EIO;
+
+ /* U4 supports a DART bypass, we use it for 64-bit capable
+ * devices to improve performances. However, that only works
+ * for devices connected to U4 own PCIe interface, not bridged
+ * through hypertransport. We need the device to support at
+ * least 40 bits of addresses.
+ */
+ if (dart_device_on_pcie(dev) && dma_mask >= DMA_BIT_MASK(40)) {
+ dev_info(dev, "Using 64-bit DMA iommu bypass\n");
+ set_dma_ops(dev, &dma_direct_ops);
+ } else {
+ dev_info(dev, "Using 32-bit DMA via iommu\n");
+ set_dma_ops(dev, &dma_iommu_ops);
+ }
+ dma_dev_setup_dart(dev);
+
+ *dev->dma_mask = dma_mask;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+void __init iommu_init_early_dart(void)
+{
+ struct device_node *dn;
+
+ /* Find the DART in the device-tree */
+ dn = of_find_compatible_node(NULL, "dart", "u3-dart");
+ if (dn == NULL) {
+ dn = of_find_compatible_node(NULL, "dart", "u4-dart");
+ if (dn == NULL)
+ return; /* use default direct_dma_ops */
+ dart_is_u4 = 1;
+ }
+
+ /* Initialize the DART HW */
+ if (dart_init(dn) != 0)
+ goto bail;
+
+ /* Setup low level TCE operations for the core IOMMU code */
+ ppc_md.tce_build = dart_build;
+ ppc_md.tce_free = dart_free;
+ ppc_md.tce_flush = dart_flush;
+
+ /* Setup bypass if supported */
+ if (dart_is_u4)
+ ppc_md.dma_set_mask = dart_dma_set_mask;
+
+ ppc_md.pci_dma_dev_setup = pci_dma_dev_setup_dart;
+ ppc_md.pci_dma_bus_setup = pci_dma_bus_setup_dart;
+
+ /* Setup pci_dma ops */
+ set_pci_dma_ops(&dma_iommu_ops);
+ return;
+
+ bail:
+ /* If init failed, use direct iommu and null setup functions */
+ ppc_md.pci_dma_dev_setup = NULL;
+ ppc_md.pci_dma_bus_setup = NULL;
+
+ /* Setup pci_dma ops */
+ set_pci_dma_ops(&dma_direct_ops);
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PM
+static void iommu_dart_save(void)
+{
+ memcpy(dart_copy, dart_vbase, 2*1024*1024);
+}
+
+static void iommu_dart_restore(void)
+{
+ memcpy(dart_vbase, dart_copy, 2*1024*1024);
+ dart_tlb_invalidate_all();
+}
+
+static int __init iommu_init_late_dart(void)
+{
+ unsigned long tbasepfn;
+ struct page *p;
+
+ /* if no dart table exists then we won't need to save it
+ * and the area has also not been reserved */
+ if (!dart_tablebase)
+ return 0;
+
+ tbasepfn = __pa(dart_tablebase) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ register_nosave_region_late(tbasepfn,
+ tbasepfn + ((1<<24) >> PAGE_SHIFT));
+
+ /* For suspend we need to copy the dart contents because
+ * it is not part of the regular mapping (see above) and
+ * thus not saved automatically. The memory for this copy
+ * must be allocated early because we need 2 MB. */
+ p = alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL, 21 - PAGE_SHIFT);
+ BUG_ON(!p);
+ dart_copy = page_address(p);
+
+ ppc_md.iommu_save = iommu_dart_save;
+ ppc_md.iommu_restore = iommu_dart_restore;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+late_initcall(iommu_init_late_dart);
+#endif
+
+void __init alloc_dart_table(void)
+{
+ /* Only reserve DART space if machine has more than 1GB of RAM
+ * or if requested with iommu=on on cmdline.
+ *
+ * 1GB of RAM is picked as limit because some default devices
+ * (i.e. Airport Extreme) have 30 bit address range limits.
+ */
+
+ if (iommu_is_off)
+ return;
+
+ if (!iommu_force_on && memblock_end_of_DRAM() <= 0x40000000ull)
+ return;
+
+ /* 512 pages (2MB) is max DART tablesize. */
+ dart_tablesize = 1UL << 21;
+ /* 16MB (1 << 24) alignment. We allocate a full 16Mb chuck since we
+ * will blow up an entire large page anyway in the kernel mapping
+ */
+ dart_tablebase = (unsigned long)
+ abs_to_virt(memblock_alloc_base(1UL<<24, 1UL<<24, 0x80000000L));
+
+ printk(KERN_INFO "DART table allocated at: %lx\n", dart_tablebase);
+}